The decade of the 1960s is remembered as one of the most turbulent times of Americanhistory. The decade, from riots to assassinations, was filled with violent disorder and confusion.Even with opposition and disagreement all over the United States, some movements took apeaceful, nonviolent approach with one of the most well-known and successful being the CivilRights Movement.The African American Civil Rights movement was a nonviolent fight for equal rights forAfrican Americans after years of mistreatment and segregation. The ultimate goal of themovement was to gain the rights of an American citizen. After years of not being offeredservices and refusal of education, the movement surged and African Americans felt they werecapable of making a change
From 1954-1968, the majority of Americans worked together to achieve their goal of putting an end to legal laws of discrimination and racial segregation in the United States through the Civil Rights Movement. In the poem, “Harlem” by Langston Hughes, the letter “Letter from Birmingham Jail” by Martin Luther King Jr., and the article “A Letter To My Son” by Ta-Nehisi Coates, all demonstrate the struggles and unjust lives that African Americans went through back in the days till today. In Hughes’s poem, the readers are being demonstrated that the American Dream is inaccessible for African Americans because of the racial segregation and the usual poverty that most black people lived in. In King Jr.’s letter, he expresses the way laws were constructed to serve injustice to African Americans. In Coates’s letter to his son, he wrote about the racial injustices that African Americans lived through from now and back then.
The speech starts with events and characters of the past like: “a great American” and “Emancipation Proclamation”. "The proclamation declared that all persons held as slaves are, and henceforward shall be free". Later in the speech Martin Luther King makes a main point that one hundred years later the black people still are not free. In his speech, I think Martin Luther King
In which the busses began to be integrated on the day after, December 21st, 1956 with the 381-day boycott coming to an end(Montgomery Bus Boycott,2010). Getting this appeal passed by the supreme court was a major accomplishment, however, they faced many challenges to get to that point. As they faced harassment from the many people that didn’t agree with this, a particular group being the Ku Klux Klan, a white supremacist group. In January 1957, four black churches and the homes of black leaders at the time were bombed or attempted to be bombed, however on the 10th of the same month, the Montgomery police arrested seven bombers that were members of the KKK, hence bringing about an end to the bus-related
“Strange Fruit”, sung by Billie Holiday and written by Abel Meeropol, is considered one of the first protest songs, being called by jazz writer Leonard Feather. “Strange Fruit” reflects the social environment and racial discrimination experienced by black Americans in the early 1900s. Lynching was one of many products of racism in America, and one of the various results of racial discrimination experienced by black Americans in the United States at the time, alongside disenfranchisement, segregation, labour exploitation, etc. Although being banned from most radio stations, “Strange Fruit” reached number 16 in the pop charts, highlighting the issue of racism in America by disabling the luxury of ignorance for those living in greater America and bringing the issue of racism and
However, there was still much work to be done not only in the Black Belt region of Alabama, but nationwide. Hence, many other acts of civil disobedience occurred following this great success of the civil rights movement. Perhaps one of the most gruesome and most known events is that of the Selma to Montgomery March in March of 1965—more commonly known as “Bloody Sunday”. Interestingly, this march first began as a result of the gruesome murder of Jimmie Lee Jackson in Marion, Alabama. In February of 1965, organizers within the black belt led a march to the county courthouse in Marion protesting the incarceration of freedom fighter James Orange.
The fight for the black people`s rights, started in 1954 and ended 1968. This was the African-American Civil Rights Movement, whose goal was to end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans, but also to secure their rights. Two of the leading figures in this campaign were Martin Luther King, Jr and Rosa Parks. Before the civil war, almost four million blacks were denied freedom and they could not vote. When the Civil War was over, three constitutional amendments were passed.
From the 1960’s to 2000, the Confederate Flag flew on the SC State House flagpole and caused a great impact on the country. Along this period there were many conflicts, boycotts, and fires all around South Carolina. Even a march that included more than 50,000 people! The Confederate Flag of SC was taken off the statehouse pole on July 2nd, 2000 after 30 years of controversy. This conflict between SC lawmakers and the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) started at the 100th year anniversary of the Civil War, which was when the flag was raised; but African Americans thought it represented slavery.
Yet African Americans were not free, and the government was involved, African Americans were denied the right to vote, “Between 1882 and 1968, more black people were lynched in Mississippi than in any other state. “You and I know what’s the best way to keep the nigger from voting,” blustered Theodore Bilbo, a Mississippi senator and a proud Klansman. “You do it the night before the election” (Coates). The freedom was only an idea to African Americans at that time they were never free after the Emancipation Proclamation. When the Voting Rights Act was
From 1865 until 1964, civil rights were a large affair in America. Many actions, mostly peaceful, were taken to promote equal rights for the African American population of the United States. Many people and organizations protested against the inequality. People like Malcolm X had a large impact on civil rights. Malcolm X, originally Malcolm Little, was born in Omaha, Nebraska in 1925 to his father, Earl Little.