Unit 2: Absolutism and Revolution Portfolio In this unit, you examined the American and French Revolutions. The American Revolution, sparked by conflict over British rule and influenced by Enlightenment ideas, broke colonial ties with a monarchy and yielded a new nation. The French Revolution, inspired by the American Revolution as well as the Enlightenment, freed French citizens from an absolute monarchy and secured equality before the law for all male citizens. In your unit study, you explored the causes and effects, characteristics, as well as the consequences, of each of these revolutions. What did they have in common?
In 1789, USA became the first democratic country, with president, George Washington, who chosen by United States citizens. At a word, the American Revolution succeeds in creating stable government. However one revolution that happened in 1789 and had many similarities with American Revolution, not really succeeded compare to American Revolution is French Revolution. They both had one important similarity, which was they both influenced by the idea of Enlightenment, especially all men are equal and has natural rights from births. In addition, two revolutions are both caused by people who stood up against absolute monarchy.
Napoleon was a French military leader who had crowned himself emperor, and quickly rose to power. While in Europe, Bolivar and Napoleon discussed their goals and ambitions. Napoleon expressed that he wanted to run a country that devoted itself to the highest ideals of liberty; equality, and fraternity. (Jacobs Williams p.18) Napoleon quickly realized that if he were to abandon his morals, he could conquer much more land and gain more power. As a result of Napoleon withdrawing his morals, Bolivar was concerned and so he returned to Europe to see for himself what damage had been done in Spain.
By 1871, Otto Von Bismarck had accomplished total German Unification, which included the Southern German States. In my essay, I will analyse how Bismarck used combined politics in order to preserve his power over Germany, the role of the wars against France, Austria and Denmark and how it influenced German politics. I will also discuss how historians have describes his politics as Bonapartist and the previous actions already in place when he was appointed Minister President of Prussia. Throughout his political career, Bismarck used combines politics as a method of maintaining power in an ever politically shifting country. After the revolution of 1848, a new wave of nationalism and liberalism had risen and it could not be quashed down, and
Regardless of the French people for wanting a representative government, Napoleon thought that the French had a natural necessity for a type of monarchy. He will offer a French monarchy more effective, crueler and more powerful than any in the Ancient Regime. He will not only limit the freedoms of the French, but destabilized the equality that was so greatly taken in the initial years of the Revolution. He has re-formed a French nobility, granting the closes people to him with noble titles and estates. He also ignored the spiritual approaches of the Revolution by reestablishing Catholicism in France, and in the Concordat of 1801 signed an agreement.
Napoleon Bonaparte has been the topic of historical debates and discussions since the end of his reign in 1815. Historians and scholars alike have analyzed his early years, his rise to power, his military conquests, his political actions during his reign, and his legacy on the modern state of France. Despite deeply negative criticisms of Napoleon’s motives, he is celebrated by many as a hero of French history. Napoleon is considered, by many, to be a “man of the Revolution” who ushered in a new era for France and paved the way for European integration. European integration is a theory based on the process of industrial, political, legal, economic, social and cultural integration of states wholly or partially in Europe, or in simpler terms, European integration is known as “a Europe without borders.” On the opposite end, there are those who question the triumphant representations of Napoleon and dispute the claims that his success was based upon his conquest of Europe.
Franch can be used as a prime example of an absolute monarch in Western Europe. France began building toward absolutism when Henry VI created the Edict of Nantes in efforts to reduce the violence in the country and gained many supporters. When Richelieu temporarily took the throne he centralized the government and established the supremacy of the king's law. When Louis XIV finally became king, Franch was already well on its way to an absolute monarchy. He went even further by diminishing the power of the nobility and gave them only ceremonial tasks until they we no longer relevant in the political
AAS Political Science Unit 4 Assignment The Federalist Party Led by John Adams , Alexander hamilton, and john Marshall. Formed from the group that fought for a stronger Federal government before the ratification of the constitution. • Our first 2 president George Washington and John Adams were Federalists • Associated mostly with the rich and fought for industry rather than farming • Had a stronger alliance with Britain over France • Were is favor of a more central government than individual states The party split during the War of 1812. The Federalists and the anti-Federalist are now as we have come to know as Democrat and Republican, after the ratification of the “New Constitution” The Federalist were known for the writing of the “Federalist
The beginning of this time started directly after Maximilien Robespierre came to power. He tells us that is trying to form a “Republic of Virtue” when in reality he is just eliminating a lot of France 's significant history. Even keeping the days straight now is hard, after he changed our days and weeks up. And to think this was being done because it was a threat to the republic. Not to mention all of the unwarranted killing for his precious “Republic of Virtue”.
With such a virtuous cause (and some help from the French), the Patriots were able to fend off the British to win independence. The leaders of the revolution¬¬: the Founding Fathers set up a democratic republic. Their new nation would share the values of democracy. George Washington once stated, "As Mankind becomes more liberal, they will be more apt to allow that all those who conduct themselves as worthy members of the community are equally entitled to the protections of civil government. I hope ever to see America among the foremost