Napoleon longed to be the glue that needed to be put in place in order for the country to strive. Napoleon was indeed a product of the french revolution.. Napoleon gained his power as a successful military leader, and his reputation from the many battles that he won. (Document 1)After the death of King louis XVI the peasants revolted against the very disliked committee of public safety, who ruled france for nearly a year after louis’s death( Notes 2/28/17), Napoleon stepped up and guided them. After overthrowing the committee of public safety he was elected as the first consult of france because they liked, his style and how he helped get rid of the public committee of safety. This gave him absolute power.
80,000 Austrian and Prussian armies were marching towards France to end the revolution (Doc C). It is true that the French forces stopped them at the Battle of Valmy in 1792, a year before the Reign of Terror (Doc C). But the goals of the revolution was to spread the new ideas of liberty, equality, and male suffrage (the right to vote) across Europe. In 1791, Austria and Prussia officially expressed their support for the French monarchy (Doc B). Furthermore, France faced internal threats in the Western region of Vendee, where emigres or nobles conspired against the young republic.
After the French Revolution, a Corsican artillery officer, named Napoleon Bonaparte, became the emperor of France in 1804. After playing a significant role in trying retake the French port of Toulon, occupied by the British, he was appointed general at the age of 26 in 1793. This marked the beginning of the Napoleonic Era, which would change the course of European history for centuries. However, despite claiming to be a strong supporter of the French Revolution, Napoleon mostly undermined the goals of the Revolution by violating the Declaration of the Rights of Man, insisting on returning to principles of the Old Regime in regards to women, the imposition of taxes and the re-establishment of the social elite. Nonetheless, Napoleon still supported the main goals of the Revolution by establishing the Civil Code and supporting the peasantry by lowering bread prices.
In Document A, there is a map showing the land Napoleon conquered for France, Napoleon and his military conquered a lot of land for France and it even explains in Document B that Napoleon conquered so much land because he wanted to eliminate the tyrants of other countries to better the lives of people under their rule. Napoleon cared about the happiness and well being of others. In Document E the Napoleonic Code explains “All Frenchmen shall enjoy civil rights.” During the Reign of Terror and the Revolution Frenchmen had no civil rights and had no protection from the government. Napoleon reintroduced civil rights to France after their rights had been taken away from them. Document C explains that Napoleon believed in better education for France and thought better education would help create a stronger military.
From the monarchy being overthrown and the royal family’s execution to Maximilien Robespierre and Napoleon taking over. France went from being a country severely in debt to being one of the most powerful empires in Europe. But for every rise there must be a fall. A rebellion is an act of violence or open resistance to an established government or ruler. But what causes a rebellion and eventually revolution?
He was a very strong military general, and he extended France power with his “Great Army”. He had brilliant strategies, which helped him win many of his battles such as in Austerlitz and Ulm. He tried to unite Europe, under one French Empire. Napoleon built bridges and canals, that made it easier for people to trade. Some might think that Napoleon took it way too far by attacking Russia which caused him losing a huge amount of his army.
Following the Reign of Terror, France was ruled by a corrupt five-man governing body called the Directory, which was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte through a coup d’état. Napoleon, a military general, rose to power through a series of military conquests and eventually became the First Consul of the French Republic. The French people viewed Napoleon favorably, as his military and political genius would likely lead to the creation of a prosperous and united France. Moreover, they believed that he would uphold the ideas they had fought for during the French Revolution: liberty, equality, and fraternity. While Napoleon stabilized and united French society by supporting the liberty of his people and ensuring equality of opportunity in education
Napoleon was a French military leader who had crowned himself emperor, and quickly rose to power. While in Europe, Bolivar and Napoleon discussed their goals and ambitions. Napoleon expressed that he wanted to run a country that devoted itself to the highest ideals of liberty; equality, and fraternity. (Jacobs Williams p.18) Napoleon quickly realized that if he were to abandon his morals, he could conquer much more land and gain more power. As a result of Napoleon withdrawing his morals, Bolivar was concerned and so he returned to Europe to see for himself what damage had been done in Spain.
To what factors do you attribute Napoleon’s victory at Austerlitz ‘We are babies in the hands of a giant’ claimed Russian Tsar after the defeat of Austro-Russian forces against the Grande Armée, in the Battle of Austerlitz on 2 December 1805 (Fisher, 2001 p. 42). Indeed, the ‘sun of Austerlitz’ illuminated Na-poleon’s one of the most perfectly orchestrated battle and the Grande Armée’s first full appearance (McLynn, 1998 pp. 345-347). Consequently, France and Austria signed the Treaty of Pressburg. The Austrians exited the war and Russians agreed to withdraw home (Rothenberg, 1980 p. 46).
With the help of France, the Americans finally won their independence from Great Britain. In a picture, it shows the American Revolution when “France sent an estimated 12,000 soldiers and 32,000 sailors to the American war effort” (Document 4). By participating in the American Revolution, France was impacted by Enlightenment ideas because it illustrated how the men in America had much better rights and were treated fairly. In addition, the Revolution was possibly started by just 1 signed piece of paper. While discussing what caused the Revolution, Sir John Dalberg-Acton believed that “the spark that changed the thought into action was supplied by the Declaration of American Independence…” (Document 5).