Octavian was the heir to the Roman Republic after Julius Caesar was assassinated. The Roman Republic was just coming out of a civil war and was falling to pieces. So Octavian decided he would put thing into his own hands to make things better. This is a quote from Octavian himself talking about the republic. “In my sixth and seventh consulships [28-27 BC], after I had extinguished civil wars, and at a time when with universal consent I was in complete control of affairs, I transferred the republic from my power to the dominion of the senate and the people of Rome…After this time I excelled all in influence [auctoritas], although I possessed no more official power [potestas] than others who were my colleagues in the several magistracies.” ( Before Octavian became had complete control of Rome, he had to gain control of over the senate.
Emperor Augustus was the first Roman emperor (Augustus, n.d.). He gained this title after the assassination of his great-uncle Julius Caesar, and a series of events political and military that followed. He was the Roman ruler that transformed Rome from a republic to an empire. Originally born Gaius Julius Octavius, he was bestowed the name Augustus by the Roman Senate when they entitled him as the supreme ruler of Rome. The Deeds of the Divine Augustus is a first person written events of Augustus before his death (Res gestae divi Augusti, n.d.).
Diocletian was an emperor that rose to great power through an empire/monarchy, and he later lead to oligarchy. He was born on December 22, 245 CE in Balkan Province of Dalmatia. Diocletian started rising to power when he became part of the top group in the Illyrian army. Next he even served as part of the imperial bodyguard, which got him more attention. Sadly after, the emperor ruling was murdered, but that ended up gaining Diocletian the power he needed to take over emperor.
Alexander focused more and conquering land than developing the land. Alexander died, the empire fell apart making the war unnecessary. Alexander could convince his men to do the craziest of things “Yet he never developed a successor.” (Alexander The Not So Great 4) When he died, the people of his empire went into a 50 battle for control ultimately destroying the empire. Alexander was a villain because he was a terrible planner, he only cared about war, and he killed of any potential future leader from his kingdom. Some people say Alexander was a hero because he is great at conquering land.
Augustus – Chen 7I Discuss Augustus’ use of propaganda in BOTH establishing AND maintaining his power. Augustus, born as Gaius Octavius, started his rise to power when his great-uncle, Julius Caesar, was assassinated during the Ides of March, 15 March 44 B.C. Julius Caesar was named dictator for 10 years and a small group of around 60 Romans became wary of his power threatening the republic. And so the group of conspirators assassinated Caesar in the hopes of ‘saving Rome’. Fortunately for Octavian (as he was known at the time), relativity fortunately anyway, in Caesar’s will, he had adopted him as his son and made him his heir which helped kick-start his rise to power.
To help them get to this point they had battled Carthage on Carthage’s home continent with the help of King Masinissa, whose monarchy was not yet fully recognized by all (Morey, 1901). As a reward for this help, Masinissa was now fully recognized as king of Numidia, and his country was recognized as an ally of mighty Rome. How did the losers fare in all this? Carthage was forced to pay massive fines for years to come and now needed Rome’s blessing before taking on any new enemies in battle. Yet the results go much further than this in terms of their long-term effects
He then increased the size of his military and tried to conquer Europe, expanding his power and being ruthless with his enemies, sometimes even cutting off their hands and letting them live (“Julius Caesar”). During this he hired specific political agents that he trusted to act on his behalf back in Rome. As it turns out, their “patch” didn’t hold for long, as Crassius still hated Pompey, and now Pompey hated Caesar because he was jealous of how much power he was gaining. They tried to patch things up once again in 56 B.C but it was short lived as Crassius died in Syria 53 B.C. (“Julius Caesar”)Caesar then went on the offence, going after Pompey, starting a war with him.
During the civil strife that followed the murder of Julius Caesar her first husband Nero had joined the party of the assassins and fought at Philippi. After the Republicans were defeated there, he turned to the party of Mark Antony specifically to Antony’s brother L. Antonius. Pompey was attracting remnants of Rome’s upper class. From there he and Livia and their small son Tiberius moved on to Greece. Amnesty for adherents of Antony allowed them to return to Rome in 39.
The Roman Republic was an ancient Roman civilization that was created after the overthrow of the Roman Kingdom in 509 BC, and ending in 27 BC with the creation of the Roman Republic. The Roman Republic was created in order for the rich men named aristocrats to gain even more power by removing kings from the Roman government. Soon after, the Roman upper class turned politics into a violent competition in their strive for power. Gaius Marius’ creation of “client armies” led soldiers to become more loyal towards their commander than the republic. This resulted in a commander named Lucius Cornelius Sulla overtaking Rome with his client army and establishing himself as a dictator.