Athens was well prepared and could survive a siege behind it great strong walls, but the unforeseeable happened. A plague erupted because of the over population within the tight walls of Athens. Athens lost around one third of its population and Pericles was fined an no longer left in charge of the military. After the plague, Athens became ruthless against its enemies and fought extremely hard. Athens became so powerful that they almost beat
The main objective of this essay is to describe and investigate the structure of the government in the ancient Greece’s most powerful city states, namely, Athens and Sparta. Both city states have gone through various cycles of wars, reforms, social upheaval and unrests, and each of these elements has had influenced the development of the governmental systems that we have bettered or inherited today. Athenians saw the need for fundamental changes in the government, allowing them to pave the way for direct participation of their citizens and citizen’s initiative in the democracy and elimination of the some oligarchical elements. The Sparta, although not as democratic as Athens, allowed women to be far more than reproductive machines whom were expected
During this time Greeks went from rural colonies to more urban communities. Greek geography resulted in the formation of two hundred city states that created their own economy, government, and defense systems. However, when Persians decided to attack the Greek city states they came together to fight back against the Persian. Ultimately they won. Some of the works that reflect this historical event is Herodotus, also referred to as the “father of history”, who took note of the Persian wars that occurred.
The Progressive time called Hellenistic age, which took place roughly from, mid-third century BCE until mid-first century BCE. It Was a time spread of Greek language, literature, and education in the characteristic institution according to author Christine M. Thomas. Every new era ,the kingdom is reborn land is once again distributed and the battle begins. Alexander the Great was valued by many of the people of Greece he was one mighty leader. As he discover the new states he realized that this essential getting more trade routes, better income for the land now,later in the time being.
Great number of polises encircled culture and political life of a state. However, this fact is also often called as one of the main factors which led to decline of Ancient Greece. The thing is that there was no centralized state which could be able to resist some invaders. The whole history of ancient Greece can be takes as the chain of wars for dominance in the region. Polis, which managed to conquer the rest of cities in the area, became the main power which determined further development of a state,
Greece was in the top of its power and were in wars, one of which caused Cimon's death. Being leads of the countries they were very rich. However, they used their wealth in different ways. Cimon created Acropolis wall, compared to palaces of Lucullus.
The next notable king, Chandragupta II (AD 380-412), was given indirect control over the Vakataka kingdom through marriage, affording him a great advantage over enemies and trade competitors. He also conquered the western sea coast, famous for trade and commerce. However, after Chandragupta II there were no more strong, revolutionary leaders, and as the leadership quality declined, the Han dynasty attacked them steadily. This lead to the slow crumble of the Gupta empire.
The war led to Greek cities concentrating less on fighting and more on intellectual growth and cities such as Ionia pioneered in research revolving around metaphysics. There were social and political consequences of the war that affected all futuristic activities of the Greek people. The social and political systems of Athens and Sparta after the war affected the way they conducted their civil war as they avoided an all-out-war and took certain small strategic attacks on each other. Socially, the Greek states after the war supported minor rebellions and politically, they rallied against taking one city at a time from their
Poleis at the time in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome had a monumental influence on the government during the Renaissance. Due to the expanding number of Greeks moving to the coasts of the main land, islands, and to the east coast of Aegean to participate in commercial trade, a new social and political system needed to be developed in order to accommodate the growing numbers and limited agricultural land. However, the Greeks desired a place where they could keep their "autonomy and independence, celebrate[d] their own rituals, and honour[ed] its own heroes" (61). This issue was solved with the development of the Polis or "city-state". By implementing poleis, this allowed for different states to enforce their own laws and traditions and not lose their independence.
Class Division is a Major Theme in Twelfth Night Shakespeare’s twelfth night is famous for its gender-bending theme making it easy for the audience to forget class and social ranking is a reoccurring theme as well. In Shakespeare’s time social ranking was very important. During the Elizabethan Era people were starting to gain hope that they could maybe change their social class, just as Malvolio and Feste. While others such as Sir Andrew believed that they could do anything, just because of their social status. Overall, social status played a key role in the development of the characters, while some tried to increase their ranking in society others took advantage of theirs.
Athens organized a group of Greek city states into the Delian League and eventually lead and dominated all of the city states in the League. Athens’s military prowess allowed them to look down on the other members of the League and treat them as members of an empire instead of equals. This caused some to view them with hostility which sparked the conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lead to the Peloponnesian War. The direct democracy of Athens wasn’t actually as inclusive and steady as the statement at Pericles 's funeral state, “Our Constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people (Doc C).” In fact, of the 450,000 citizens of Athens in 430 BC, only about 40,000 people had the power to vote.
The Senate had become the governing body of the Rome through the initiatives taken. This was especially evident during the Punic Wars as the senate began to exercise more power from directing wars, taking control of both foreign and domestic policy, and managing financial affairs. The Senate became increasingly controlled by the nobiles, however, the plebeians began to lose a considerable amount of power after the Punic Wars. The patricians gained a vast amount of power from the accumulation of their wealth through the new economic opportunities. The effects of this rise to power was evident within the demise of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus.
He funded several building projects, such as the Parthenon started in 447, but also set laws allowing poorer people to be paid for jury duty and other important civil services. However, other laws and rules were set by Pericles that helped make Athens more imperialistic and a more powerful leader- such as the coinage decree that forced all city-states within the Delian league to use the same money and measurements, the enforcement of garrisons within unruly members and the loss of autonomy in places such as Aegina because they wished to leave the league. However, Sparta became concerned of Athens actions and behaviour under Pericles, (especially towards her ally Corinth, as they drew their enemy Megara into the league) and Pericles’ policies, especially his exclusion of Margarian trade, Led to the first Peloponnesian war in 431 BC.
Since Athens navy was getting all the recognition for the win, Athens got lots of money from other greek city-states to protect them. This sparked a flare in other city-states like sparta. That all created the Peloponnesian war and Athens downfall. It 's hard to believe, but winning the persian war really made one of greece’s biggest city-states have a giant downfall. Everything good that greece did turned out bad in the
During the late eighteen hundreds a few decades after the civil war the United States had fallen into a great depression and was lacking resources and economical power. The need for economical growth was crucial. The united states needed to gain economical power so that we could trade with countries overseas and to show everyone how much power we really had. Social Darwinism started because countries were trying to gain more power this influenced the United States to try and gain more power than most other countries. But “All the united states wanted was for our neighboring countries to be stable, orderly and prosperous.