3.) Since its foundation around 1500, Russia has focused its aim on its expansion of the Russia state. The reign of the Tsars (Mongol horse nomads), officially started with Prince Ivan IV (“The Terrible”), and played a crucial role in the centralization of the Russian state. The exploration of Siberia (The New World), crossing into Alaska, and utilizing the Amur River Valley east of Mongolia as an agricultural base for grain, led to the expansion of the empire. The victory of the Great Northern War under Peter the Great emerged Russia as a major power house amongst the European, and allowed for more direct contacts between Russia and Europe.
However, during her reign Cathrine faced many challenges. For example, in her first years of reign, she was afraid someone would overthrow her and take her place, since her son, Paul, was the rightful heir. Moreover, she had to endure several revolts. The most known revolt was led by a rebel leader who claimed
I covered how Putin’s visionary leadership traits ignored key aspects of diversimilarity and show how he was methodical in planning and executing is objectives. I also demonstrated how his drive for success and a lack of open-mindedness made him an unethical leader. Finally, I reflected on my own leadership as it pertains to these lesson principles, and my pursuit to continue growing as a self-aware leader. Perhaps there would be no Russia, as we currently know it, without Putin”, certainly he has shaped his country and has effected countless lives and treasure. Influential Russian author, Fyodor Dostoevsky might have foreshadowed such a leader as Putin in his book The Brothers Karamazov: “He understood very well that for the meek soul of a simple Russian, exhausted by grief and hardship and, above all, by constant injustice and sin, there was no stronger need than to find a holy shrine or a saint to prostrate himself before to worship”.
There is the Russian Revolution which has many causes. There is also the February Revolution, and October Revolution, which accomplish great things for their country. Each Revolution had its own unique causes, and accomplishments that led to other Revolutions, and Wars. Finally, the Russian Revolution has different aspects that can relate to the causes of World War I, and the other Revolutions.
The incompetence of Tsar Nicholas II surrounding and leading up to the events which caused the outbreak of the 1917 Russian Revolution can be said to be the main cause of this event as all the main causes can be traced back to the Tsar’s lack of the leadership skills required to run Russia successfully through times of war and national reform. Tsar Nicholas’ failure to adapt to the changing politics of European society and command his country with the strength and skills needed led directly to the causes of the 1917 February/March revolution through his neglect during the 1905 revolution as well as contribution to the causes of those uprisings, the lack or incompletion of social and economic reforms throughout Russia at the turn of the 20th century, Russia’s involvement in World War 1 (WW1) and the Tsar’s incompetence in military leadership, and the failing of the backward thinking Romanov rule as Russian civilians became disillusioned by their Tsar by the suffering indirectly implemented on them by his mistakes. The 1905 revolution is one of the main events which led up to the revolution in 1917. This uprising was caused primarily by the Russo-Japanese war, the political policies of the Tsar, the Bloody Sunday massacre, the failure of modernisation and industrialisation, and the October manifesto.
In what ways, and with what success, did Alexander II attempt to modernize Russia and preserve imperial power? Tsar Alexander II started was coroneted in 1855, during the Crimean War. He ended the war and negotiate the peace, which was a failure for state and shock for society. That made an atmosphere in which he could introduce required reforms. In years from 1855 to around 1870 he tried to change the Russian backward Russia into powerful European country, which could be compared to the West.
“I will drag you kicking and screaming into the modern world”, this famous quote from the Czar, Peter the Great involved a lot of symbolic changes. In the 16th to 17th century Russia was considered to be a country that was out of order and brutal in the eyes of major powers in Europe. However, after the rule of Peter the Great, this view changed and Russia was no longer seen as a “backwards” nation. Peter the Great modernized Russia by infusing 'western' technology and by forcing his people to reject many of their orthodox christian, 'tradition-bound' customs. Specifically these included: forcing the male population to wear western clothes and cutting their beards (or pay tax), building a modern Navy, melting down Church bells to make cannons, and lastly, building a new capital city his so called, "window to the west."
In the beginning of 20th century, dismissal of Witte, overestimation of power of Russian troops, underestimation of capabilities of Japanese troops and later war against Japan, which triggered social classes to start revolution inside the country, was a turning point for revolutionary movements to win. After the revolution in 1905, Nicholas II had the possibility to make the situation better for dynasty, while after the election of the Duma in 1907, Bolshevik party was in crisis and Lenin opposed Aleksandr Bogdanov, but the Tsar could not use that moment for the good of the dynasty. One of the examples of Nicholas II miscalculation was aggressive politics toward non Russian society (which was approximately 57% of the
He has proven this through setting out the limit of influence that the elite companies had in Russia, renewing the tax laws and decreasing the power of the corrupt government. Vladimir Putin is a man that has high value on productivity and accomplishment, therefore from the beginning of his presidency he initiated structure and showed the Russian citizens and his team that he is a very task oriented and result oriented
The borders of central Europe were torn asunder in the aftermath of the First World War, as a multitude of new political entities arose from the corpses of the Austro-Hungarian, Russian, and German Empires. These emergent countries represented the first establishment in central Europe of the nation-state: a state built, governed, and ruled by a nominally homogenous nation, in opposition to the multi-ethnic, dynastic conglomerates that preceded the war. Yet the “siren-call of national awakening,” was not the only movement shaping east central Europe in the interwar era (Zahra 93). To the contrary, it was countered by a widespread sense of national indifference, in turn sustained by a great deal of ethnic diversity within these ostensibly ‘national’
Peter made sure that people followed his reforms and his agenda for Russia by making decrees to follow such as cultural decrees that taxed people who did not conform to the new ways like a decree that taxed upperclassmen who did not dress in a European style. There were some revolts and some violence caused by these oppositions but Peter eventually stopped all of them and overall his reforms in Russia were a
It is extremely difficult to decide if he was a reformer or a tyrant once you have learned about all of the political, military, social, and economic effects his reign had on Russia. There were so many events that were devastating, like the imprisonment of the patriarch and the overall fear and paranoia instilled in the people of Russia. But, there were many positive reforms too, like the writing of the law (sudebnick) and the first nationwide representative meeting (zemsky sobor). Ivan’s ideas are fundamental in theory, and while they did not deem successful at the time, were recycled and perfected by later rulers. The significance of Ivan’s rule is extremely complex in nature, and cannot be written off as a complete failure without taking into account all of the many impacts he had on ruling Russia.
Therefore, his paranoia was important in generating more rapid change than anyone had thought possible. As an individual, Khrushchev managed to reverse the social changes of Stalin that had repressed Russia. Oxley’s convincing argument that de-Stalinization would enable Russia to “set a new course” to reform “industry and agriculture” shows how Khrushchev created a backlash against Stalin to ease the repression that was stunting Russia, both nationally and internationally. Khrushchev’s secret speech enabled him to distance himself from Stalin’s terror and drive reform. Khrushchev was pushed to this by his political opposition Malenkov, therefore opposition is a more important factor than the individual in de-Stalinization.
Peter the great transformed Russia into one of the most powerful states in Europe with a modern and efficient military. He also made several reforms to the domestic and political structures of Russia that is still influential till now. He is a visionary and is influenced by the western world. He organize a large embassy and went to a number of European countries to learn some skills and import ideas from the western world into Russian society. Thereby transforming Russia into a modernized country.
Reforms can be beneficial or detrimental an emerging empire. During his reign, Peter the Great implemented many reforms that expedited the Europeanization of Europe. Many of these reforms were viewed as negative by society and many were against them. However, most of them did what was intended to help modernize Russia. With his newfound knowledge of city-building, he built the city of St. Petersburg, which Shaw 6 became the new capitol of Russia.