There were an extremely small number of natives left after Spain took over the empire. Soon after the land had been won, Diego de Almagro established Cuzco as the first capital of Peru. However, Pizarro desired to create a different capital, in a city known as Lima, which is the modern day capital of Peru. This created a spark of enmity between the two explorers and Pizarro’s two brothers who assisted in the exploration. The Pizarros and Almagro went their separate ways for a time, each working on building up their cities with citizens and government systems.
The leaders Abimael Guzman Reinoso was a Philosophy profesor at the National University of San Cristobal de Huamanga that was reopened in Ayacucho in 1959, ( paraphrased from page 7) and was part of Moist Red Flag and other organizations until he parted with them. Guzman 's students were not able to find employment after graduating and therefore started following him. The whole revolutionary movement wasnot just Guzman 's ideologies, in the SENDER0 LUMINOSO: A FAILED REVOLUTION IN PERU? , LIEUTENANT COLONEL GERALD N. VEVON, JR. States that "The Sendero Luminoso is strongly influenced by a Peruvian nationalist-Marxist model for revolution developed by Jose Carlos Mariategui (1894-1930). "( page 9).
The Spaniards made a big impact in the Americas. They killed many Incas,Tainos, and Aztecs. These populations lost many including their emperors. On the Spaniard 's side they had power by killing Atahualpa and Montezuma they could create colonies and take riched back to their country. The Spaniards weren 't the only ones to look for riches in the New World.
Francisco PIzarro: The Notable Conquistador that Vanquished the Incan Civilization This famous Spanish explorer passed away on June 26th, 1541, when he was assassinated in Lima, Peru. The cause of his assassination was due to the big disagreement between him and his long time expedition partner, Diego Almagro and how because of this disagreement, he had Almagro killed. This caused many people in the Almagro family to become aggravated of Pizarro’s foolish decision of killing his expedition partner. Years later, on June 26th, 1541, several of Almagro’s followers, whom were led by Almagro’s son, stormed and raided Pizarro’s grand palace in Lima, Peru. Pizarro, being circa the age of 70, remarkably managed to kill 3 people before drawing his
The wars of independence in Latin marked the end of Spanish dominance in much of the Americas. While those rebellions were successful, there are stories of previous revolts that did not end with independence from Spanish rule. A prime example of these less successful uprisings is the Tupac Amaru Rebellion in the Andes during the late 1700s, in which the Kuraka leader Jose Gabriel Tupac Amaru led an uprising against the Spanish authorities in retaliation to forced labor and taxes imposed upon the Indigenous population. Those oppressive conditions were caused by the Bourbon reforms, a set of policies implemented by the Spanish crown on its South American colonies in order to keep a tight grip on the colonies and prevent British aggression in
After the Spanish regained control of Cuzco, Manco Inca (The Inca Emperor) and his armies retreated to the fortress where he successfully launched attacks against Pizarro based at Cuzco and even managed to defeat the Spanish in an open battle. However, the Inca Emperor knowing that he could not fight a war in which almost everyone one of his people died from fled to the south in the mountains in Vilcabamba. There they founded a new Inca Empire which would remain independent for some decades. Tupac Amaru was the last Inca Emperor, he would later be murdered and the Spanish would take over Vilcabamba, even the Spanish King didn 't like this final destruction of the Inca Empire and did not want his death. However the Viceroy of Peru killed him
His expedition of 180 men landed on the Pacific coast of South America in 1530. Taking advantage of a smallpox epidemic and a civil war started by the emperor's death, Francis marched on Cuzco and easily captured with their advanced weaponry and allies. By 1535, with a capital of Lima had been established for a new colony. however the prosperous landscape was transformed. Pachakuti was a powerful Inca ruler who transformed the Incas in a large, proud empire.
When Columbus arrived back in Spain on March 15, 1493, he immediately wrote a letter announcing his discoveries to King Ferdinand. Document C is Account by Bartolome de Las Casas to the Spanish Monarchy (1542). This account was written by a Spanish Dominican friar Bartolome De Las Casas in 1542 and published in 1552. people endured in the early stages of the Spanish conquest. The source was wrote out that once Christopher came it all went bad.This source reflects the time period because It shows that Christopher ruined everything in D.R talk about him finding america and about the mistreatment of and atrocities committed against the indigenous peoples of the Americas and sent to then Prince Philip II of Spain. These sources are similar because they all explored and tried to find a new land and its different because each of them has a different format or method.
Guáman Poma was an Incan man who was born in 1535, just after the Spanish conquered the Incan empire. He wrote a 1,189 page book entitled El Primer Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno, or “The First New Chronicle and Good Government.” The book was intended for King Philip II of Spain to explain to him the history of Andean civilization and to show the king how the Spanish colonists had damaged the Inca way of life. In addition to text, Guáman Poma illustrated the book with 398 original drawings depicting Inca life and history, and Spanish cruelty. The images below come from El Primer Nueva Corónica y Buen Gobierno.
To get deeper into the subject, an example of how the environment created the differences is how the Inca and Aztec empires were overthrown by the 2 spanish explorers named CorteŽ and Pizarro and there crew of a couple hundred. The two empires had many people
During the exploration of the new world, Europe killed lots of people in the name of finding gold and/or land. They built cities in the name of their country. In the article in states that Cortes conquered the Aztecs killing thousands of people. Then Pizzaro did the same thing, but instead with the Incas when he conquered that people. Both of these people committed these atrocities in the name of Spain and their country.
Diseases probably played the biggest role in the collapse of the Incan empire. Shortly before the arrival of Pizarro, the smallpox epidemic had just killed the Incan emperor and most of his court. Then, there was a civil war between Atahuallpa and his brother Huascar regarding who should be emperor next. If it had not been for the epidemic the Spaniards would have faced a united empire. 23.