DBQ: Famine in Ethiopia: How did the government make it worse? (hook)From 1983-1985, a famine in Ethiopia caused millions to die. In 1984, grain prices increased by 300% and five Ethiopian provinces set all-time lows for rainfall. Many people, blamed the famine on the drought, but later figured out that the real cause was politics. Soviet-backed communist Derg took over and worsened the famine.
The education system was funded by a new tax which outraged the public which resulted in 2000 schools being burnt down. At the end of the Meiji era, children could attend six years of education for free. The government controlled the school and curriculum. The students learned math, reading and moral training which is honoring the emperor, country, and families. The government improved Japan transportation and communication by building railroads, shipping lines, industries, and shipyards.
He hired abominable people to manage his steel mills, and he took absolutely no responsibility and didn't care what they did to his employees. For example, he hired Henry Frick as a manager for the Homestead Mill in Virginia. The mill wasn’t making money, so Frick lowered wages and increased hours to attempt to save it. The workers revolted to the managers completely unfair treatment and locked themselves inside the mill. Frick hired the Pinkertons, a private army, to attack the workers.
He believed that “the upstart Japanese would soon be taught a salutary lesson.” He also wrote to his mother: “So the war has begun, our brave men will surely be victorious over the foe.” In contrast, the Russian navies were “all sunk in a single day in the battle of Tsushima.” Nicholas II still did not awaken; he even showed his pugnacity to his own people on the Bloody Sunday. On January 9, 1905, thousands of protesters were killed by Nicholas II’s infantries. After that day, Nicholas wrote on his diary: “Serious disorders took place in Petersburg when the workers tried to get into the Winter Palace. The troops were forced to fire in several parts of the city and there are many killed and wounded.” Even Rasputin did not had the capability to stop the Czar’s pugnacity. When Nicholas II decided to go to war with Germany in 1915, Rasputin wrote to him: “Let Papa not plan for war, for with war will come to the end of Russia and of yourselves, you will lose to the last man.” Then the Czar “read it, tore it into shreds and gave the
It killed seven police and wounded about sixty people. The police than fired on the crowd, killing several people and wounding one hundred people,” The Haymarket affair was horrible because it gave the employers more leverage on the workers because the could use the Haymarket affair as a weapon to keep employees in line. Also, many innocent lives were lost because the harvester company didn’t want to raise wages just a few cents. Instead of raising wages the company provoked the workers and that’s why the fights in the streets broke out. In the following quote from the Homestead strike reading is a reflection of what happened, “The Battle at Homestead will be remembered as an occasion where human greed and civil rights collided and neither one came out on top” The Homestead strike made the Industrial Revolution more harmful because it lost many lives that didn’t need to be lost.
Chiang Kai-shek disagreed with this and sided with the wealthy farmers. He then forced all the communists into a small area in southern China. The exiled Communists led by Mao Zedong started an exodus to Yan’an in North-western China. This 6,000-mile trek is known as the Long March, and only 8,000 of the 100,000 communists survived. Mao’s policies regarding land appealed to the peasants which made up a large percentage of the population.
Along with other upset people and Indian elites that hated British taxes, this revolt became the Sepoy Rebellion. Britain put this down through a violent response that killed thousands of rebels and destroyed countless homes. One year later in 1858, Britain had quelled this rebellion and regained solid control over India. 8. Spanish-American War (553-554) The Spanish-American War occurred in the midst of discontent among Cubans and Puerto Rico, upset with America’s increased economic influence.
“Is what you want? A miserable little bourgeois republic? In the name of the great Soviet republic of labour we declare war to the death on such a government!” (Bukharin, 1917) . The Russians were fed up of being poorly treated by their own country, so they decided to take a stance. By doing this, they overthrown the poorly run government as the Russian people were in favour of a new system that would work in their favour.
In addition to that, Stalin established three 5-year plans that aimed for industrialization of USSR and which created quotas for the workers. Propaganda was one of his most utilized methods to stimulate the laborers to reach beyond the quotas (USSR Handout). These actions indicate that Communism is about creating goals that should be met by the society as a whole. Because the capitalism triggers conflict between individuals, it may halt the production. However, when all people are “employed” by the state, they usually create plans that are going to develop the country (McLellan and Chambre 2016).
Soldiers protested about the poor food and water conditions, and therefore rebelled and took their commanding officer hostage requesting the redress of the Emperor. In this period of unrest and chaos, the Provisional Military Administrative Council (Derg) was established as a false ally towards the emperor. After becoming a high figure, they immediately began to arrest members of the aristocracy, military, and government who were closely associated with the emperor and the old order. By late August, the emperor had been directly accused of covering up the Welo and Tigray famine of the early 1970s that allegedly had killed 200,000 people which caused him to be imprisoned on September 12. The Derg’s concepts embodies slogans such as “self-reliance”, and “the supremacy of the common good” in order to make peace with the citizens and show that the Derg was fighting for them.
The peasants were given about half of the farmland in Russia. The government paid the nobles for their land so the peasants would have a place to stay and work. Many thought that nobles and serfs were holding the country of Russia back from improving. They had not yet been in the modern industrialized world. When the nobles ruled over the serfs the serfs had no powers.
When the governments discovered this they began ordering the troopers on licence searches to arrest all who had not paid the tax. The miners were furious at this as they received no voting rights which they expected from a tax like this. As time progresses and people were still not paying licence fees, Governor Hotham began conducting twice weekly searches for
The Winnipeg General strike started when the Builders and metal workers walked off their jobs for higher wages, shorter work weeks and the right to do collective bargaining. It expanded with the Winnipeg Trades and Labour council voting for General Strike with 30,000 people going on strike. The people who opposed the strike were business leaders, politicians and Industrialists who formed the Citizen’s Committee of One Thousand. They didn’t like the strikers because they thought it was a conspiracy plan to overthrow the government. On June 21st, the strikers held a parade against the mayor and because of how violent it was, it became known as “Bloody Saturday”.
The Puritans became powerful. During the Protectorate, churches were required to be plain and serious, and dancing, the theatre, pubs, casino problems,Maypoles and even Christmas were banned. 4. Even poor people became political: • The Levellers wanted to give ordinary men the vote (Cromwell crushed the movement). • The Diggers set up a commune where everyone was equal it was destroyed by a very angry mob.
By the mid-1870s almost every state had no less than one Grange, and national enrollment came to near 800,000. What attracted most ranchers to the Granger development was the requirement for brought together activity against the monopolistic railways and grain lifts that charged excessive rates for taking care of and transporting ranchers ' harvests and other farming items. The development got disciples as it turned out to be progressively politically after 1870. With the Greenback 's ascent Party and later associations for the statement of rural dissent, in any case, the Granger development started to die down late in the 1870s. Not recommended rancher claimed cooperatives for the assembling of rural gear sapped a significant part of the bunch 's quality and money related assets.