How Did Reconstruction Affect The Civil Rights In The 19th Century

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In the 19th century, slavery and the Reconstruction was a sore subject for the South. Reconstruction forged civil rights for African-Americans, but once the North’s influenced waned in the South, the South terrorized African-Americans and blocked them from accessing their newfound rights. While Reconstruction may have brought civil rights, those rights were quickly squashed by the South’s racism. Even after certain freedoms were securely gained, every new attempt to make African-Americans equal to the white populace was contested. A large group of people were happy to see slavery ended and civil rights rise. However, the majority of white southerners, particularly after being disenfranchised by the Civil War, were bitter and angry. They had lost their ways of life, their lands, and slaves that they considered to be their property, therefore they took out their anger on the only people they could: their former slaves. In Leon F. Litwack’s writes, “when mischievous Negroes are found dead in the woods, nobody knows who killed them” (Document I). Attitudes towards black southerners were hostile. Their “rights” were a sham, particularly their right to due process under the fourteenth amendment (Document A). Litwack again wrote about the state of how blacks in the south were being treated; this time he wrote that anyone attempting to get recompense for the intimidation and lynchings only put themselves in more danger, often for nothing (Document K). The North had freed the

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