President Lincoln had ideas of his own, Lincoln 's plan for Reconstruction consisted of leniency and Lincoln giving amnesty to the South. He believed that punishing the South for causing the Civil War wasn 't morally right. Only under certain conditions were Southern states allowed to enter the Union, and once again become a nation. Ten percent of southern voters must swear loyalty to the Union, they could readmit. Once the voters sore, then called the state draft a new state
Johnson was vice president during Lincoln’s presidency, so after the death of Lincoln, Johnson was in line to become president. This differing view believes that his qualifications were justified because he had an experienced background in politics prior to his presidency. After the Civil War, he did not effect the issues of slavery with their freedom or rights and the Reconstruction of the South. This contrary view understands how Johnson did violate the Tenure of Office Act but they believe it to be okay because he only violated it once. As stated in the Articles of Impeachment of Andrew Johnson, he “did unlawfully, and in violation of the Constitution and laws of the United States, issue and order in writing for the removal of Edwin M. Stanton from the office of Secretary for the Department of War” (citation).
The Civil War was a national devastation that had a deep impact on American society. In 1863, Lincoln proposed the Emancipation Proclamation declaring the slaves would be free, though it was limited only to the rebellious states. By careful preparation of the document, Lincoln ensured that it would offer a positive impact on the Union efforts and to redefine the purpose of the civil war. The results of the emancipation continued to have an abrupt and profound effect of equality and social justice (Roark, 402). The Proclamation allowed the recruitment of freed slaves and freed African Americans as soldiers to strengthen the Union’s manpower militarily and politically to preserve it.
The goal was to force the South to return to the Union, as they were being stripped of their labor force without which survival would become difficult for the Southerners. The events of that particular time period further illuminate the motives behind the Proclamation, as it wasn’t drafted until the latter half of 1862; which was when the Union troops had driven out the Confederate Army out of Maryland. At that point the Confederate leaders were negotiating with France and Great Britain for military aid in exchange of cotton. And they were gaining support
During the late 1800s, because the South had been decimated by the end of the Civil War, .the Reconstruction Period was initiated to aid the South’s recovery. Although the Civil War did abolish slavery and unify the North and the South, the war not resolve racial prejudice, the South’s damage, and the African Americans’ economic instability. The Reconstruction Period was initiated in order to prevent economic instability and the structural ruin, because since slavery was abolished, and the South was completely dependent on slaves, therefore slaves could not work for the South to maintain the economy, and slaves also could not fix up the damages done to the structures done to the South during the war. By starting the Freedmen’s Bureau and passing
However, not everyone was as successful as they hoped to be. When the reconstruction period began after the Civil War the Republican set into motion their own plans, restoring rebellious states into the Union and finding a place in society for free slaves. However, there were two major problems standing in their way, the ex-Confederates and President Andrew Johnson. The ex-Confederates were causing trouble by starting riots and trying take political action against freed African Americans, such as during the Memphis Riot in 1866. Johnson, being a Democrat, allied himself with the ex-Confederates because he shared the same beliefs as them regarding freed slaves.
However, with the end of Reconstruction by the Compromise of 1877 which removed all federal troops in the south in exchange for Hayes withdrawal from the presidential election, Southern states made new constitutions to disenfranchised the blacks. In response to this, W. E. B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington proposed their own plan to fight for equality. Although both plans have their advantages, Dubois’ plan offers a more effective method to the path of equality because it establishes Blacks into American Society and did not make them
E. B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington debated whether to confront or appease racist attitudes in the United States. As segregation regimes took hold in the South in the 1890s with the tacit approval of the rest of the country, many African Americans found a champion in Booker T. Washington and adopted his self-help autobiography, Up from Slavery (1901), as their guide book to improve fortunes. Washington portrayed his own life in such a way as to suggest that even the most disadvantaged of black people could attain dignity and prosperity in the South by providing themselves valuable, productive members of society deserving of fair and equal treatment before the law. A classic American success story, Up from Slavery solidified Washington’s reputation as the most eminent African American of the new century.
The Confederate states also issued their own Constitution, which was basically based on the United States Constitution, except the Southern Constitution defended slavery. The election separated the nation in half and also urged 7 states including South Carolina seceded from United States. From then on, the pro-slavery and anti-slavery were officially against each other, which soon gave rise to the Civil War. In conclusion, the issue of slavery precipitated the Civil War. Uncle Tom’s Cabin gave a strong social effect on opposing slavery, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was the prelude of the Civil War, and the Election of 1860 splitted the nation into two sides, which directly led to the War.
Radical Republicans sought to readmit the Southern States into the Union by introducing new legislation, allowing for Reconstruction of the South to progress quicker. Radical Republicans proposed the Civil Rights Act and an extension to the Freedmen’s Bureau, which President Andrew Johnson firmly denied through veto. By doing this, President Johnson outraged Northerners thus creating a Congress of primarily Republicans, who immediately enacted the Civil Rights Act and extended the Freedmen’s Bureau. Congress soon passed The Reconstruction Acts of 1867 as an approach of reforming the South. The Reconstruction Acts established Martial Law, outlined the requirements for the
The South wanted to keep slaves while the North wanted to abolish them. In conclusion, the primary cause of the civil war was not slavery instead was the issue of states rights. The Northern armies won the Civil War and the the South returned to the Union. “The Civil War started because of differences between free slaves states and the power of the government that said if slavery was correct or incorrect.”(The Civil War in America Prologue). Slavery was right at that time but now it is wrong.
Reconstruction Era I believe the Reconstruction era is considered a success in that it ended the separation between the North and the South and that it restored the United States as a unified nation. The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendment was added to the constitution. The 13th amendment outlawed slavery, the 14th amendment protected all Americans under the law and the 15th amendment extend suffrage to all men. The Freedman’s Bureau and the Civil Rights Act worked to get African Americans back on their feet. For the first time black men were elected to government positions such as governor and senator.
It also allowed for a state government to be formed once ten percent of the population took an oath of allegiance to the United States, and it encouraged the southern states to deal with slaves in such a way that it would not compromise their freedom. The republicans thought that Lincoln’s plan was too easy for