One of the most controversial rulers was Maximilien Robespierre, a leader of France’s National Convention who was known for his widespread use of the guillotine and radical political notions over France to guarantee that all French citizens were true supporters of the Revolution. His behavior terrorized
Nevertheless, his subsequent actions proved to be counterproductive to the revolution and detrimental to the French people. The French Revolution was based upon fear and uncertainty which was exploited by Robespierre illustrating his dictatorial behaviour. Robespierre actively encouraged the riots and violence that plagued France during the Terror because he believed that fear and terror was necessary for the revolution to succeed, claiming that “terror is nothing else than swift, severe, indomitable justice” (Robespierre, 1794). Robespierre compromised many of his ideals at the height of the French Revolution such as his stance on the death penalty. According to Linton (2006) Robespierre compromised his principles because of the anarchy and became increasingly dictatorial
Jean-Paul Marat was a critical figure in the French Revolution. A physician by trade, he took on prominence through his writings on the conflict in France. His aggressive and violent views influenced the Revolution as it became more radical. Marat’s place in history was cemented by his dramatic assassination that was later portrayed in a famous painting. Within this paper, Marat’s life will be reviewed and his influence on the Revolution examined.
Though the beginning of French revolution was just a movement for government reforms, but later it twisted ferocious that leaded to the abolition of monarchy and execution of King Louis XVI. To resolve the monarch’s financial crisis, the estate general was called by King Louis XVI on May, 1789. The member of the third estate made their own national assembly fearing to bear the financial burden, and pledged Tennis Court Oath, and decided to remain there until a new constitution has been made. In addition, July 14, 1789, angry people of France, saw bastille a place to vent their frustration and marquis De Launay along with his troop found no option else then to surrender to the mob. After coming to know about the fall of the Bastille, King Louis XVI removed the imperial troops from the French capital and brought back finance minister Jacques Necker However, he could no longer converse the Revolution, while the National Assembly (from July 9 formally called the National Constituent Assembly) became de facto the French
Until then the National Assembly was divided into people who wanted to abolish slavery as all men are equal and into people who were against the abolition as this would harm the French economy. However, the principles of the Revolution led to uprisings in Saint Domingue in 1791 already. The very violent Haitian revolution which lasted until 1804 finally led to the independent republic of Haiti. Other colonies became independent far after the Revolution and some are still French departements
There was no more clergy or monarchy and this completely changed the way of life in France, especially for the common people. This event also inspired other people in Europe to rise up against their monarchies and fight for equality. This revolution changed France forever. Knowing the factors that caused it to happen at that specific time, may help me understand the revolution on a much deeper level and understand how those same factors could possibly influence a similar revolution in modern day society. Aims To prove that due to the poverty rate at this time, the King’s inexperience with leading the
The French Revolution all began after people in France decided it was time to fight for their rights and freedom and escape the tyranny that took place and give the people more power. At the time King Louis XVI was the French king and had power from 1774 to 1792 and was later executed in 1793. In France, the people were divided into three separate social estates, clergy, nobility, and the commoner as the lowest and the highest above all of course would be the king. The Enlightenment was a movement by intellectuals who promoted reason and science, and they began to question the system in place at the time in France and they began to spread revolutionary ideas that got people thinking about change. The “French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals” and when the ideas began to spread people were newly educated about something they never thought about, and after
The National Guard was formed to try and repress the subsequent threat of pillage . The association of an aristocratic plot responsible for the break-down of the whole system in France, with nameless brigands, set a pattern over and over for what was to be a terrible revolution. It must also be noted that the Revolution was not an uprising of the beggars and poor, it was craftsmen and shopkeepers in the towns and peasant proprietors in the countryside . There were other factors involved too in bringing about the French Revolution which lasted almost 10 years from 1789 to the late 1790’s. The extravagant spending of King Louis XVI and his predecessor, France’s costly involvement in the American Revolution, poor cereal harvests for nearly two decades, drought, cattle disease and as already stated, sky rocketing bread prices .
They began the French Revolution, which wouldn’t have been possible if Louis’ actions hadn’t been as drastic as they were. To a greater extent, King Louis XVI can be held accountable for the main causes of the French Revolution due to the wars that he refused to drop because of his stubborn personality and the National
The prison, Bastille, was stormed by an angry mob that feared that attacks might occur. This forced Louis XVI to take notice of the Third Estate. The king allows the Third Estate to form an assembly, but he also told them to follow medieval rules. The French revolution also struggle to obtain rights and freedom for the common people in France. The Absolute power of the monarchy started to collapse as the lower class gain more rights and freedom.