History of Rock Music: Exam #2
Rock and roll would not have survived if there were no racial division in the 1940s. Because “rock ‘n roll” had such an overwhelming influence on social interactions of both black and white teens alike, the genre forced record labels to sign black artists because their music became so popular and profitable. Rock and roll influenced not only daily life, but fashion, and attitudes. When segregation became unlawful in 1954, it gave freedom to both black and white artists. While many white parents tried to prevent their teens from listening to rock and roll in the 1950s and 1960s, television and radio made it impossible to prevent their children’s exposure. It can be said that when racial tensions were very …show more content…
Mainstream Pop which is popular music listened to by the majorities.
3. Country and Western which originated in the southern United States in Atlanta, Georgia in the 1920s. Country and Western music generally remained regional until after 1945.
It is important to note that during the 1930s and 1940s, some pop music became widely recognized while other styles remained regional. This can be attributed to the network programmers who played only mainstream pop singers such as Bing Crosby, the Andrews Sisters, and later Frank Sinatra.
In 1957, Frank Sinatra is quoted as saying that, “Rock and roll is the most brutal, ugly, degenerate, vicious form of expression – lewd, sly, in plain fact, dirty – a rancid-smelling aphrodisiac and the marital music of every side-burned delinquent on the fact of the earth (www.ushistory.org/us/53d.asp).
Obviously, rock and roll was not created overnight -- it all started with the first Rhythm and Blues artists that received mainstream attention even though they were black. You could say it all began to take off in approximately 1959 when Berry Gordy started his own Motown record label. Gordy, who is known as the founder of Motown, helped Rock and Roll get its roots and launched many successful black artists in the Rhythm and Blues genre, which include artists Blinky, Choker Campbell and his 16-piece band, Caroline Crawford, Debbie Dean, The Four Tops, Eddie Holland, David Ruffin, Mary Wells, and Stevie Wonder. Gordy was the main organizer for …show more content…
He mixed country and blues together for the whites so he could make a living, unlike others who were not approved of by the white society. You can hear his love for country in his vocals. It was strong enough to trick white people into thinking he was white (Covach, What’s That Sound?). Two of Berry’s most famous songs are “Johnny B. Goode”, and “Maybellene”. Chuck Berry ‘wrote’ “Maybellene” after the song “Ida Red”, which was a fiddle song by Bob Willis & the Texas Playboys. Other major artists that were the first to play “rock and roll” were Fats Domino, who put more country and blues into his music making it more laid back and relaxing compared (his song “Blueberry Hill”) and Little Richard, who did more of an aggressive blues/rock and roll (his song “TuttiFruitti” or “Good Golly, Miss Molly”). Little Richard did a lot of high pitched screeching in his songs as well as shouting or yelling his lyrics. That being said, it was easier for white people to accept Fats Domino compared to Little Richard, but Little Richard had a vast amount of white teenagers listening to his music, much like they did in earlier years. Joseph Turner Jr. who is more well known as Big Joe Turner, had more of a sexual tone in his music and could be taken one or two ways in meaning. People called this hokum blues or dirty blues. Turner’s songs like “Bump Miss Suzie,” “Honey Hush,” and, of course,
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In a time where African-Americans were out casted and racial tensions were high, Berry Gordy set out to put aside any differences in the world of music. Gordy teamed with many future superstars to create hit songs that would live on forever. To create hit songs that made money and an impression on the people of the world in the 1960s; Berry Gordy must attempt to catch people’s attention in a way that captivates them. Berry Gordy Jr. was born in Detroit, Michigan at the beginning of the Great Depression.
American youth of the 1950s weren't crazy about the easy-listening pop music their parents enjoyed. Crooners like Johnny Ray, who sang, “Gee but it’s great after staying out late/walking my baby back home/Arm and arm over meadow and farm/walking my baby back home” and balladeers like Perry Como singing, "Don’t let the stars get in your eyes /Don’t let the moon break your heart / Love blooms at night / in daylight it dies," did not excite the younger population. Fifties popular music was for adults and not quite what the teens wanted to hear at their school dances, in soda shop or in their cars after school.
During the peak period of segregation, poverty, and Victorian morals, Rock & roll managed to integrate two completely different styles of music and create something worthwhile. This in turn, paved the way for America’s own social integration. However, this integration didn’t happen without a fight. Early rock & roll created a racial divide so large, that it was almost impossible to dissipate.
Released in August, "Maybellene" went to Number Five in Billboard which made Berry a relative rare case for that time: a black performer with a main hit on the principal white pop charts. “As asked why he crossed over with “Maybellene” and other hits while many other worthy artists were locked out, Berry replied: "I think it had a lot to do with my diction. The pop fan could understand what I was saying better than many other singers. " His achievements also had much to do with his ability for turning a phrase. With his amusing and casually expressive use of language, Berry described what it meant to be a teenager in the exchanging world of the Fifties.
In the history of music, there have been many different genres, but none of them as popular as Rock and Roll. Rock and Roll was born in the 1950’s and is still a popular style of music today. Rock and Roll was defined and popularized by many different factors, such as the musicians, the style of music, and the supporters of the music. In the 1950’s the expectations of teenagers began to change from years before.
Go-go music is a specific type of music that was first started in Washington D.C. go-go music was developed around the mid-1960s to the late 1970s. However, if you are from the DMV area we all know the God father of go-go music was Chuck Brown and the Soul Searchers. Go-go music is unique because it has a variety of different sounds. Old school hip-hop, funk, and blues are all factors that play into creating go-go music. A live music scene called Chocolate city in the early 1970s had competitive music.
Rock and Roll was a very popular cultural aspect of the 50s. It originated from African American culture then the whites interpreted it. One of the first singers to do this was the very king of rock and roll himself, Elvis Presley. Many adults hated this new music and wanted to ban it. A huge part of it was censored, for example on the Ed Sullivan show, Elvis had to wear a tuxedo and wasn’t allowed to dance because his moves were “sexually inappropriate”.
Rock N’ Roll was a new music genre accepted and loved by many teenagers of the time. While their parents felt that Elvis Presley ruined music, the teens disagreed, and with so many teenagers at the time, there were many to keep the genre alive. Teens wanted to release the tensions that bubbled beneath the smooth surface of postwar America. In a biography about Presley, a.k.a. the king of Rock N’ Roll, it writes a historical moment, when Presley was filmed from only the waist-up.
Early rock and roll artists like ‘Fats’ Domino, Little Richard, and Pat Boone began their musical careers as largely rhythm and blues artists, who soon developed their styles into a new sound much more appealing to the drastically changed youth culture of the 1950s. Alan Freed, a disc jockey, and the one who coined the term rock and roll, began playing their songs on his new radio show which he called Rock and Roll Party. The technology of radio is a huge reason why so many teenagers were exposed to this new sound, and contributed immensely to the growing popularity of rock and roll. At the time most people were skeptical, and criticized this idea and Freed’s radio show. However, Freed responded with, “I don’t give a shit” “That’s what I’m going to
All Shook Up: How Rock N’ Roll Changed America, fits into the overall historical literature of the topic because the book has to deal with rock n’ roll being both politically and culturally inspired back when African Americans were still having to deal with being segregated. Altschuler talks about how the beginning of rock n’ roll was during the same time period as African Americans trying to obtain their Civil Rights. People did not want African Americans to be friends with white people because music seemed to bring teens and people of all races together. In most dance halls where African Americans played their music, white people became interested and at times would go. This was the biggest problem for the nation, African Americans becoming
Rock “n” Roll was an example of a turning point for America in the 1950’s. Rock “n” Roll music was the newest sound for the generation. The music made people think more about racial barriers, brought people together, and led people to have a different outlook on the generation. Rock “n” Roll is a mixture of country, pop, blues, and gospel music. Rock “n” Roll includes the elements of a few black and white American music styles together.
Motown was a transformative sound that arrived just at the height of the civil rights movement. Such success coming from a black business and black artists forced the rest of America to reexamine their racial prejudices that they still clung to. It seemed that it’s founder, Berry Gordy, knew from the start that Motown was something special when he hung a sign that read “Hitsville USA” above the recording studio’s headquarters. The success was almost instant for most Motown artists with song after song becoming number one hits on major music charts. However, the success was not easy, as it took strenuous amounts of work to mold the artist’s looks and sounds into something that would popularize them among the white population.
All over the world, people express their culture and their way of life in the form of music. In the early nineteen-hundreds America was beginning to form their own genre of music, which would come to be known as country music. When we think of country music, we often think of hillbillies, cowboys, a pair of boots and blue jeans, but it's much more than that. Country music is more than just songs; it's become a way of life in America. Country music was formed out of the genre of Appalachian folk music in the southern United States.
The migration of workers to urban areas, prosperity, and the anxiety of social change all contributed to the development of Rock and Roll and Civil Rights. Social anxieties of the Civil Rights Movement such as: institutionalized racial slavery, segregation, discrimination, and the struggle for equality were strongly exemplified throughout African American music, which would soon transform into Rock and Roll. Essentially, Rock music originated amongst the African American culture deriving from jazz, gospel, rhythm, and blues. Ultimately, these genres together corresponded to create Rock and Roll. Seeing that music has the ability to reflect and influence social movements and interactions, the music that becomes popular can gain national recognition (“Concurrent
Rock music in the 1960s was egalitarian, eclectic, and real based on a number of reasons. To explain the 'real' piece of rock music in the 1960s, one would have to know that there was war going on overseas that didn't make sense to Americans as to why it was going on (the Vietnam war). There was also still severe inequality between blacks and whites causing protests to occur via the Civil Rights movement, led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. There was inequality between women and mens rights. These issues caused dissatisfaction to occur in the American people.