Claire Turner American History Test I The American Revolution The Second Continental Congress declared independence from Great Britain in 1776 because they were being treated with unfair and unjust taxes and laws. The Second Continental Congress was a representation of the colonists and colonies as a whole, to Britain. In the beginning of the Congress the majority wanted to stay loyal to “The Crown,” and make peace with it.
While the first-generation Puritans believed this, their offspring who knew nothing of the religious hardship back home would rather have personal indulgences, which puts strain on the Errand. Adding on to that, the idea of being a collective group changed into the Puritans becoming more focused on defining themselves away from the Church as seen with King Phillip’s War. The war represents a change with the second and third generation Puritans who needed new, secular, enemies to define them as told by Marone when he says “The Puritans groped back to the tried and true-they found terrible new enemies to define them” (Marone 33). The Puritans defining themselves through fighting the Natives in King Phillip’s war, totally undermines the Puritans’ original enemy of being eternally damned. Furthermore, the Puritan Dilemma of the conflict of old vs new impacted the Puritans’ view of nature, as seen with the Salem Witch Trials and how God was punishing them for straying from the Errand.
The New England colonies include Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut. The first settlers that came into the New England colonies were the Puritans who wanted to practice religious freedom. Unfortunately, most of these colonies are not tolerant of other religions. The self-government economy is based on religious beliefs. Finally, the colonies rely on fishing and shipbuilding since the soil and long winters are unsuitable for farming.
The evidence of why Bee was unjust is because the pastor was breaking the law of that system, which specifically stated that the Shouter Baptist religion is not to be practiced by any people under the British colony. Sandel wrote a book about justice and he explains that “laws cannot banish greed, but they can at least restrain its most brazen expression, and signal society’s disapproval of it” (Sandel pg 8). According to Sandel, the laws are made by the community and it is the community’s decision to judge on what actions are just or unjust. The advantage of having laws is that it gives the people structure in a community, but the disadvantage of having laws is that it could potentially ruin people’s freedom. In the Wine of Astonishment, the villagers in Bonasse were banned from practicing their own religion because of the laws of the Crown Colony system.
Before anything Puritans came to the New World looking for freedom from the British Crown. While in their empire they had to obey the New England church, in which they absolutely hated. So it was promised that in the Americas they would not only have religious freedom the the chance to own their own land and properties, and lots of it. At first Salutary Neglect came to the colonize where Britain tried to impose laws or “acts” to the colonized but they were never truly enforced.
Bradford’s religious Puritan views were very important to him and he wanted to make sure the people of New England would have a Puritan church so that they could practice their religion without interference from England because in England they were forced to be part of the Church of England. People such as Thomas Morton did not fancy to William Bradford. Morton’s Anglican ways, his dancing, drinking, and building of the Maypole made Bradford
Christianity, and the Jews are looked upon as having the same roots, which is true. Being in any way connected with the Jewish faith is all it takes for a lot of heathen rulers to become belligerent toward the church! It was well-known that the Jews were of the seed Abraham, and that by their own law, they were to never have a king over them, and certainly not a king who was of a heathen nation, and a stranger in the Land of Israel. It was because of the Jew’s adherence to this law that they resisted the government led by Romans.
What were some of the occupations of the first settlers of Georgia? Some of the occupations of the first settlers of Georgia, the Trustee’s, was to ban Catholics and Jews because they were not apart of their religion so they did not want them to be in their presence. James Oglethorpe was wanting to build colonies and so at the time he was in Britain and he and twenty other men were suppose to go over to Georgia and make the Colonies, but the other people decided that they were to royal and to good to be working with poor people, so they decided to sit in England and run the colony there. But on the other hand James Oglethorpe was the only one, out of twenty who even bothered to come over here.
Williams upset the General Court and before being able to be arrested he went off to Massachusetts, later negotiated with Narragansett setup Providence and promised separation of church and state and religious freedom (“The Americans” 52). This opinion was not widely accepted so other colonist considered Rhode Island trash. Either way his ideas on royal charter influenced other colonies like New Jersey and Carolina. If he didn't have such radical ideas today would be a lot different. For example, today policeman or an authority figure in the United States is forbidden to force or reject any religious belief.
When British immigrants first moved to America they were loyal to the British monarchy. However, in the 1750s the loyalty between the American colonies and Great Britain declined duetaxes and polices being imposed to pay of war debts from the French and Indian war. Thesepolices caused rebellions and uprisings, and ultimately led to American Revolution and thecreation of this country. Following immediately after the French and Indian war. Britain needed a way to pay offwar debt fast several acts were passed to control the colonies, the first act that was passed wasthe Proclamation of 1763.
Johnson will serve as a Connecticut agent, to help put the colony’s title on a Native American land. While Johnson is at Britain, he will soon realize that Britain’s policy is mostly made up of American’s conditions. When the Patriots become wild up with their demands, Johnson knew that he couldn’t be part of the Patriots actions. Johnson agrees that the Patriots were correct about their actions but he have trouble from breaking up with his mother country. Johnson avoids associating with the Patriots by rejecting his election to the First Continental Congress and this move of Johnson will make the Patriots remove him from the militia command.
• The first form of democracy in the Americas came from the Iroquois Confederacy although the House of Burgess was some form of legislative government in Virginia • There are some ideas which there haven 't been any textbooks that mention that the ideas from the Bill of Rights actually could have never happened without the Native Americans • "Do you really believe that all those ideas would have found birth among a people who spent a millennium butchering other people of intolerance of questions of religion?"(John Mohawk ,113) • At some points in history the Natives weren 't hated by all the colonists. They were also used as symbol during the Boston Tea Party where the colonists rebelled against Britain and made it lose lots of money
The Religious Freedom policy also influenced the colonies and the formation of the Constitution. Thomas Jefferson from the colony of Virginia was the primary architect of his state’s religious freedom model. In Britain, there was limited religious freedom through an established church known as the Church of England. A portion of taxes would go to the official state religion even if you were not a member of that church. In Virginia, they decide on freedom to exercise which, the other colonies and Britain had to some extent but they took the extra step and said that government should "not establish religion" so no government taxes for any religious groups.
Puritan people wanted to establish a city of god in the wilderness. People like Anne Hutchinson, an antinominalist, and Roger Williams – founder of Rhode Island – were banished by puritans because they wanted to separate the church and the state or did not follow the rules of the Puritan leaders. Because of the first amendment, no one is forced to practice a religion. Everyone has different opinion about god and what they believe in; they have their own way of showing. John Winthrop (the first governor of Massachusetts Bay), Anne Bradstreet (first noteworthy American poet), and Jonathan Edwards (last American Puritan defender of New England Calvinism) have their own way of showing what they believe in and how they see God.
I learned about the intolerance the Puritans had to differing opinions to the Protestant faith. When Roger Williams, a minister, questioned Governor Winthrop about topics like taking native lands and complete separation from the Church of England, he was banished (http://www.rogerwilliams.org/biography.htm). In another example of intolerance, Anne Hutchinson was also banished. She “challenged male authority” when she gave the idea that