The Roman Empire was once the mightiest on the planet. Just like any other civilization, Rome started small. It all begins when Romans overthrew their Etruscan king. The romans established a republic and a lot of different people came into power. Rome came ¨from a group of scattered people to a successful republic¨ The Romans overthrew Etruscan King.
During the decline of the Roman Republic , the Senate became the effective governing body of the Roman State. A certain circle of powerful or wealthy families, which consisted of patricians and plebeians, controlled the Senate. The patricians were a group of people who were known to be the wealthiest and most favored by the kings. The plebeians, on the other hand, were people who were typically poorer, but in some cases gained more wealth than the patricians.
Imperial Rome had a democratic government, where the people voted for everything. They had two classes, the patricians and the plebeians. The Plebeians had all the control over the Senate and the Consuls for a while. Eventually, the plebeians were given control over the Tribunes to give them a voice. The patricians were the wealthy, land owners, and the upper class citizens.
Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar. Three individuals that helped change Rome from Republic to Empire and had some of the biggest impacts on Rome. They were three of the most powerful leaders, and when their power and forces combined, the First Triumvirate started. Going from Republic to Empire, Rome went through many changes starting from individual influences, cultural and group influences, to taking on a whole new religion.
Throughout history there are so many things that have shaped the government. The struggle between the Plebeian and the Patrician class helped shaped the Roman government in many different ways. The Plebeians were the poor people of the government and had no say, the Patricians were the rich and they had power, so of course this caused a struggle in the Roman government. The patricians were decedents of the first 100 senators appointed by King Romulus and formed a dominant class that held most influential positions in ancient Rome.
In Ancient Rome, social class was based on hierarchy. Hierarchy essentially means that the people with the most power are the leaders of society. In society this ancient society you were either considered patrician or plebeian. The patricians had more freedom and where a higher class then the plebeians. The patricians were made up of the rulers of Rome and their families and the plebeians were basically everyone else that was not part of the ruling families.
The Roman Republic government contributed to the development of the democratic principles because the romans developed and its government eventually dividing into three branches. The Roman Republic had three main groups, patricians, Magistrates/Consuls Censors/praetors. The three main groups were like the democratic principle separation of powers. The Roman Republic had its “Rule of Law”, but the Romans called it the Twelve Tables. The democratic principle Representative government was also in the Roman Republic government, but was differently portrayed.
Rome was the most powerful and influential empire because of its military, government, and economy. Rome’s military was powerful and efficient due to its organization, discipline, and the weapon knowledge that all soldiers were taught. Roman government was influential with the creation of a new form of government that turned out to be very efficient. Also, Rome 's economy, however not very complex was a major factor in the expansion of the Roman Empire. Rome had a very powerful and influential military that was "the most effective and long-lived military institution known to history" and was feared greatly among its enemies.
In 509 B.C.E. the Romans had taken back their own rule that the Etruscans had maintained for Decades(RR). A republic was formed after the Romans were in control again that gave the people a say in how the state was run(RR). Many countries had copied this form of government including the United States(RR). The Romans also had the three branches of government. The executive legislative, and judicial branch.
In the book, Roman Politics Frank Frost Abbott he writes, “The choice of senators in Rome was not made directly by the people” (30). This indicates that the people who were not senators had even less of a say. But also these senators were the best and the brightest of Rome, so, therefore, most of them were worthy of having that power in their possession. Stephen Goode says in his magazine article, “Decline and Fall of Roman Empire,” “Rome had evolved a system of government that prized civic virtue and the participation of the best men and women in politics and society” (18). The government of Rome had a very strong system, but it was not always the best for the entire
The patricians granted concessions to the plebeians over a number of years; by the end, the political landscape drastically changed in a way that I think makes Simonton’s argument for oligarchy empty. My foremost disagreement is the end result: the republic. There was still a distinction between patrician and plebeian, but political offices were open to both. Additionally, oligarchy lost its battle; in trying to maintain control by making small concessions, it conceded itself as the government. The final political result of the Romans is a broad political class that in no way resembles an oligarchy.
From this unrest arose the second triumvirate. This triumvirate was composed of Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian. The second triumvirate lasted for about one decade after the murder of Caesar.
Rome had seen many leaders step up to the plate in order to rule over Rome with absolute power. There were many who only wanted to exercise their power over the people, those who only wanted the army’s strength, and those who only wanted to advance the senate and laws than help the people or watch the army. However, there were a few emperors who were able to rise above these issues and bring about a seemingly peaceful time in Rome. I have chosen the three, in my opinion, best emperors of Rome, who were able to take command of Rome and make a huge impact. The three emperors that I chose were Trajan, Hadrian, and last but not least Augustus.
Octavian, who would later be known as Augustus, was the adopted grandnephew of Julius Caesar. After Julius Caesar’s death, Octavian would join with two other rulers named Mark Antony and Lepidus. Together they would become the second triumvirate or group of three rulers. Jealousy took over, and Octavian was the final ruler left of the three. Octavian changed his name to Augustus and became the new emperor of Rome.
Patricians are the higher class and they are wealthy. Also, they are the only ones allowed to be in the government. Their percentage of the population is a small junk of Rome. To be a patrician, you had to have been given birth by a patrician. Now the plebeian on the other hand is every other person in Rome.