Therefore he crossed the Yellow River and attacked Zhao, inflicting a severe defeat. At this time Zhao Xie was king of Zhao, Chen Yu was in command of the army, and Zhang Er was prime minister. All fled and took refuge within the walls of Julu. Zhang Han ordered Wang Li and She Jian to encircle the city, while himself camped to the south and constructed a walled road along which to transport supplies of grain. Chen Yu, the Zhao general, with a force of some 20,000 or 30,000 men, camped north of Julu.
The Mongol Empire had created a single economic and cultural world system. In 13 century, the the Mongols had seized nearly the whole Eastern Europe, including now Russia, Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria and Hungary. Scholars regard the Mongol conquest as one of the most deadliest invasions in human history. The Mongols also called the Tatars, which means Hell in Roman. Historian Brian Landers stated in his book that "The Mongols brought terror to Europe on a scale not seen again until the twentieth century."
In the period 1200 to 1400 Eurasia was the home to the Mongols. During this time the Mongols conquered and ruled many parts of Eurasia. Mongols were pastoralists who lived on the Asian steppes. They lived in mobile tents called yurts and depended on their horses for everything from food to clothing. They were experts at horseback riding, as it was taught from a young age.
The Mongols had an impressive army that conquered many countries and displayed their powerful. John of Plano Carpini states, “Genghis Khan ordained that the army should be organized in a way that over ten men should beset one man and he is what we call a captain of ten;”(Document 2). This gives a great example of how Khan’s army thought out battle strategies and used logical reasoning when at war. John also said, “When they are in battle, if one or two or three or even more out of a group of ten run away, all are put to
He sent prince Toqan with 300,000, a more prepared army than the previous two invasions, to take control of the city, Annam. Tran was able to use a tactic developed by the Nyo Quyen to defeat the Mongols again. The Vietnamese drove tipped stakes into the bed of Bach Dang River and then lured the Mongol fleet towards the river as the tide was starting to lower. The Mongol fleet was either trapped or sunk by the stakes, and the Vietnamese sank over 400 Mongol crafts. The Mongols soon abandoned Champa as an attainable source, but the war in Annam would continue until the end of Kublai Khan’s reign.
These people ranged from his own army officers to the countries peasants. Stalin knew that mixed in with his followers were people who could turn against him at any time. To pick those people out, he set up fake organizations that were told to help topple the government. In over a thirty year time period, Stalin killed about ten million people. In 1936 Joseph Stalin produced a new constitution for the Soviet Union.
During their invasions of Eurasia, the Mongols ruthlessly captured, pillaged, and destroyed many lands. In an excerpt written by Muslim historian Rashid Fadl Abi-I’Hair in 1498, it states that the Mongols not only burned their great libraries, places of knowledge and culture, but the Mongol Empire also laid waste to their infrastructure and farms, which most likely had devastating impacts to their land (Doc 7). This would be a useful source of information about the Mongols, however, a Muslim person, whose views are most likely biased against the Mongol “infidels”, wrote
Caliph al-Mu` tasim (r. 1242–1258), on the other hand, declined to recognize their power and offered these non-Muslims just abuse and dangers. Confronted with Mongol intrusion, he did little to plan, and the Mongol swarms soon encompassed Baghdad. They caught the city in 1258 and sacked it. They stomped the caliph to death, and totally crushed the city. They slaughtered some place somewhere around 100,000 and a million individuals, demolished all the books of the House of Wisdom and different libraries, smoldered down all the incredible landmarks of the city, and left Baghdad a seething ruin.
In 1911, the bourgeois democratic revolution (the Xinhai Revolution) led by Sun Yat-sen abolished the feudal monarchy, and established the Republic of China, therefore starting the modern history of China. When Sun Yat-sen died Chiang Kai-shek took his place and built up the nationalist army. With his army he reclaimed Chinese land from other countries. Then the Nationalist Party split forming a Communist party who believed that the peasants should have a say in the government. Chiang Kai-shek disagreed with this and sided with the wealthy farmers.
Without a consistent form of communication, trade, during the Middle Ages, was the biggest catalyst for the spread of religious reform, political organization, and societal development across Europe. How was the spread of these elements through trade important in the development of a more advanced, and modern society during this time period? The advancement of the Frankish Kingdom combined with the progress of the Mongols through Asia provided the proper situation to cultivate advancement in the Eastern World. Charlemagne came to power, and immediately it was clear that he was determined to make religious changes in Europe. He defeated the Pagan Saxons after a long brutal conflict with them, annexing all of Germany into his kingdom.
The English had ended up burning 5 or 6 villages and destroying many cornfields. The mens next mission was to find the murderers of John Stone. Endicott’s and Gardiner’s men sailed out to where the Pequot tribe was. The English ended up running into the Pequot and they attempted to negotiate with them. The negotiating didn’t work out and the English ended up burning the village and killing a Pequot.
This march has caused major damage to the Confederate economy, transportation system, and their will to win. This determined march started at the captured city of Atlanta to Savannah. It also included, 62,000 troops from the Union Georgia and Tennessee Armies. The troops marched in a 50 mile wide column that brought destruction to whatever it touched. Sherman 's troops destroyed agriculture, industry infrastructures, and civilian owned property; as part of the scorched earth warfare.
The new themes of encounter and exchange did not come without the warfare, violence and confusion that plagued China as the Sung dynasty struggled to fight back against the Mongols. After the suicide of the last Southern Sung emperor, all of China was united by Mongol rule (Gernet 717). The tragic death of one man marked the beginning of a new era. For the first time ever, foreign people conquered the entirety of China. Never before had the Chinese government been completely replaced by an unknown system ruled by outsiders (Fitzgerald 181).
Genghis Khan, the cruel leader of the mongols had a goal to take over china. Tearing through city by city slaughtering anyone who got in his way, leaving cities in flames, and cold bodies on the ground, he had defeated his enemies once again. He had the north part of china under his control. Genghis khan moved on to his next competition. They next invaded Japan, and