Around the 1800s, the United Stated government was trying to figure out a way to remove the Indian tribes such as the Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, and Choctaw from the southeast. Many American settlers wanted to remove the Indians there because they sawDuring President Jackson 's term of office, he signed the Indian Removal Act on May 28, 1830. This Indian Removal Act, President Jackson let to grant unsettled lands west of the Mississippi in exchange for Indian lands within existing state borders. There were tribes that left their lands peacefully; however, many other Indian people refused to relocate. In the fall and winter of 1838 and 1839, one of the tribes known as Cherokees were forcibly moved west by the government.
‘What worried the states men in the mother country was the likelihood that, if Virginians had occupied Kentucky, Indians would attack them, and the British might have to come and rescue at great cost to the imperial treasury” (5) The 1758 Treaty of Easton, which gave the Indians all the land west of the Appalachian, did not help their cause. Holton alludes to many other instances where the colonists wanted to expand but was consistently overlooked by the imperial government. The Indians caused the British to fear another war. Essentially, Holton makes it seem like the British were more on the side of the Indians then they were for their own colonists.
The development of agriculture and the rise of industrialization generated new cultures and innovations in the new world. Native people in early America developed cultural distinct , men were in charge of the fishing, hunting, jobs that were more exposed to violence, and the women stayed closed to the village, farming, and child bearing. The way of life possessed by natives Americans did not compel them to conquer and transform new land. As opposed to European colonizers, Native Americans subscribed to a more “animistic” understanding of nature. In which they believed that plants and animals are not commodities, they are something to be respected rather than used. This ideal way of life clashed with the worldview of Europeans. Early European colonizers believed that because Native Americans were not using the vast amount of land which included forest to maximize their profits, then they were justified for colonizing North American land. This settlement led to the enslavement of people, worldwide distribution of diseases, and transfer of goods that shaped America to what it is today.
Elizabeth Watts said they “hunted..and ran them until they got all of them”; she also said the “[w]hite men even robbed their[Cherokee] dead’s graves to get their jewelry and other little trinkets.” Private Burnett, also frowning upon what he saw happen to the Cherokee, talked about seeing “helpless Cherokees arrested and dragged from their homes, and driven at the bayonet point into the stockades.” ; he described his witnessing as the “execution and the most brutal order in the history of American warfare.” According to Whitmire “[t]he women and children were driven from their homes, sometimes with blows and close on the heels of the retreating Indians came greedy whites to pillage the Indian's homes, drive off their cattle, horses, and pigs, and they even rifled the graves for any jewelry, or other ornaments that might have been buried with the dead.” Whenever there is game to survive on, the soldiers would then hunt them all, and the Cherokee do not seem to get any.
The Natives, however, had the upper hand, with their knowledge of the land, they could strategically place themselves so that the cavalrymen could not begin to predict what awaited them in the valley. The General marched his troops into the valley confidently, not anticipating the battle they had submerged themselves in. Five companies, led by Custer, marched into battle, yet none returned. This was a remarkable victory for the northern tribes. The U.S had lost nearly 270 men, including Custer himself.
The Native Americans that inhabited the Americas, particularly in the Puritan colony of Plymouth in Massachusetts and the area that encompasses the English colony of Virginia in the eastern coast of North America, had their lives drastically changed upon contact with Europeans and served different roles for both different colonies. Native Americans living near the Plymouth were crucial to the survival of the Puritans in the Plymouth colony while the Native Americans in the Virginia colonies were in constant warfare with the English colonists in Jamestown.
In 1540 to 1700, the Scientific Revolution occured, events and tools created during this time period would change life forever. First, the astrolabe and the compass were both technological advances created to help navigate and explore the world. Also, at this time Asian spices were huge, but Italy and Egypt controlled the trade routes to Asia. Then, explorers started to sail the world, finding new routes and lands. Lastly, Christopher Columbus tried to sail to Asia in late 1492, but messed up on his way there and discovered the New World. European colonization changed the lives of Native Americans in the New World.
Native Americans flourished in North America, but over time white settlers came and started invading their territory. Native Americans were constantly being thrown and pushed off their land. Sorrowfully this continued as the Americans looked for new opportunities and land in the West. When the whites came to the west, it changed the Native American’s lives forever. The Native Americans had to adapt to the whites, which was difficult for them. Also, the extinction of buffalo affected them negatively and the domination of the whites disrupted their surroundings. The Westward Expansion impacted the Native Americans land and culture.
Throughout the late 1400’s and the 1500’s, the world experienced many changes due to the discoveries of new lands and peoples that had been never been visited before. The new-found lands of the Americas and exploration of Africa by the Europeans led to new colonies and discoveries in both areas. It also brought different societies and cultures together that had never before communicated, causing conflict in many of these places. While the Europeans treated both the Native Americans and West Africans as inferior people, the early effects they had on the Native Americans were much worse.
The Iroquois are a group of native americans.The Iroquois are divided into 5 dans. The Mohawk, Seneca, Oneida, Onondaga, and Cayuga tribes. Later a sixth nation, the Tuscarora tribe, joined the confederation.
To become strong, people would have to learn how to become one and work together. Throughout the United States, there is a group of American Indians called Chippewa and they are a unique group of American Indians and they hold a unique story behind them. The Chippewa tribe was one of the original group from the time of development in the New World ("Chippewa Indians." Ohio). The tribe of Indians is very large, but now they are scattered throughout the United States. The two main locations that they mostly are in and had influenced most are up north near Canada and west of the United States ("Chippewa Indians." Indians). There are many American Indian tribes that had impacted the United States the most, but one tribe that had directly impacted the United States the most is this tribe, Chippewa, there are many things that are going to be reveal to learn why they were once enemies and now allies.
The Shoshone was a Native American tribe in the western Great Basin in the United States. This tribe was spread into the north and east Idaho and Wyoming. The Shoshone religion was Shoshone rituals. Their population was approximately 8000 members at first, but their population began to increase about 20,000 members. There were three classes in Shoshone tribe, which were the chief and shaman, trading partners, and the servants. The chiefs’ roles were to focus on warfare and hunts. As a result, the Shoshone tribe does fit perfectly into the “tribes” category. On the other hand, the Shoshone tribe is also somehow fit into the “bands” category. The Shoshone tribe was divided into three small bands, which were Eastern Shoshone, Northern Shoshone,
Religion and Colonization In the New World was oportunity for all Europe, Spaniards, English, Portuguese, and even French. This new continent was able do give them gold, silver, wood, even a commercial trade route to China, or just an equality on their societies. But there was too many ways to atach the success way, those ways were in fact leaded by the religion.
Tradition is the customs or beliefs that has been pass on to generation to generation. Native American have their own tradition such as when they trade, it meant a welcome gift or a way to gain relationship. However, the European trade and their material goods had a negative impact on their lives because they slowly lost their identity. While Native Americans was adapting to the Europeans’ homes, they did not noticed that they are started to becoming them. For example, in chapter 3, All Stuff of Life, Calloway stated that; “Archaeologists excavating eighteenth-century sites in the eastern united states often find it difficult to determine whether a settlement was Indian or European on the basis of the material unearthed.” This shows that Indians