Slaves had to be dehumanized for the slaveowners to rationalize what they were doing, and therefore, as is commonly known, slave brutality was severe. The thought of emancipation, that slaves would no longer be suppressed in the South lead to fear for uprising, vengeance, etc. on the then former slave owners. These uprisings had happened before and the southern slave owners were terrified of what would happen if they weren't being suppressed. Emancipation would also mean that slaves would become free and citizens on equal standing with the whites.
South Carolina was the first to withdraw from the Union. The state of South Carolina did not want to be part of nation that had no control. Then other southern states such as, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Texas, and Louisiana left the Union. As a result they established the Confederate States of America, which was an independent southern slave republic. Lower and South and Upper South had to go to war to decide whether what side to pick.
The Thirteenth Amendment took some time to pass. Johnson really didn’t want blacks to have rights. He did everything in his power to make sure African Americans didn’t have freedom. After slavery was abolished the black codes came up in the summer of 1865 in the South. These codes were basically promoting slavery once again but using a different name.
Throughout the period of the Reconstruction, the northerners and southerners viewed and treated blacks differently. For example, the southerners did not have any respect for blacks at this time and treated them terribly. The Southern Black Codes were significant in defining the rights of the freedmen and many of the rights were restricted due to these specific codes. The codes prevented blacks from achieving their own occupation, from voting, and the codes limited any freedom that the individual may have. The blacks had no rights as a citizen due to the southern rules.
But “when the South attached less significance to its defeat than the North did to its victory, Confederate morale would no longer match the task of maintaining public will at a level necessary for victory.” (Richard Beringer, Herman Hattaway, Archer Jones, and William Still: “Why the South Lost the Civil War” , Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press, 1986, page 49). Additionally, the Confederates lacked a true sense of nationhood, for many Confederates could not agree on why they fought or what the Confederacy actually stood for. The Confederacy was in theory a nation only on paper, for “it was not in the hearts and minds of its would-be citizens. These deficiencies reflected a national will that did not equal the demands placed upon it.” (page 64 of Berringer, Hattaway,
He believed that things would never truly be equal due to the color line, or as he referred to it, “the veil”. Despite American’s efforts to assist slaves in the transition to a free black American citizen, they just did not feel accepted. The Freedmen’s Bureau was set up in hopes that this would ease the transition but it didn’t help. This relates back to “the veil” the Du Bois refers to. The veil represents the African American’s feelings of inequality and inability to mesh with the white American citizens.
Reconstruction was a failure in many ways. Although Reconstruction did abolish slavery, African Americans did not truly gain their freedom and the nation was not unified. The Emancipation Proclamation that President Lincoln issued in 1863 to end slavery was unsuccessful. In a petition of black residents of Nashville sent to the delegates in 1865, they demanded slavery to be thoroughly abolished and for the right to vote (3). However, not only did many slave owners ignore Lincoln’s order, the Emancipation Proclamation did not eliminate slavery in the Union border states and states under control of the Union.
The confederate flag originated during the Civil War and was a symbol of the confederacy, the losing side of the war. While much has been said on what exactly was the cause of the Civil War, most historians agree slavery was the one issue which compelled it. Southerners feared government regulation of slavery and saw the outlawing of slavery as a sign that it would soon end in the south. However, the war was not exactly fought over racial inequality. (The north wanted working class white citizens to work, and if slavery continued to be allowed they would be unable to compete with the slaves.)
The secessionist movement leading up to the Civil War was rooted in white southerners’s desperation to maintain their economically archaic societal norms. Rapid evolution to capitalism in the North startled the South, for they feared the Union would prioritize the unfamiliar notion of industrialism over the stable southern agriculture. Tensions dealing with slavery began with the drafting of the Constitution; however, the threat of abolitionism did not become truly apparent until the mid-19th century with the adoption of multiple pieces of contradicting legislation. The North and South maintained drastically different views on the concept of slavery, which became glaringly apparent with the Anthony Burns event as well as the developments that followed. The South grew to believe that such differences were irrevocable, and that secession was the only route in which they could uphold their principles.
The Civil War took action because the nation was unable to agree in certain things such as issues over slavery, whether state or federal power was to remain powerful, and the election of a President that not everyone was happy with. These separations of two different positions due to dissimilar points of view caused the nation to disperse and war eventually followed within themselves; both sides with the purpose to preserve their
Revising the educational material can provide a better understanding of symbols would allow a proper distinction of racist and cultural symbols. A major argument that many Southerners used in recent history was that the confederate flag was a part of their culture and not a racist symbol. In fact, if one looks into the history of the confederate flag they can learn that the flag was only recently used in the 60s; the 60s was the height of the Civil Revolution in which the flag was used by the KKK to symbolize their goal. The flag that we know today is not seen before the Civil Revolution, not even in the greatly controversial film "The Birth of a Nation" (1915) directed by D.W. Griffith. Editing the inaccuracies taught to students would to better educate
constitution that allows “to protect domestic producers from foreign competitors” (Hummel 15). The South in general did not like the idea of federal government denying state rights and South Carolina backed by John C. Calhoun nullified this tariff by calling it unconstitutional, oppressive, and unjust (Hummel 15). State rights go hand and hand with slavery and new territories into the Union at the time. Slavery increasingly divided the nation after the war of 1812. This made it very hard for states entering the union to decide to be either a free state or a slave state.
In the beginning of July 11 the delegates had begun arguing over the method of census and who would be counted. Slavery became a spotlight issue in the Great Compromise when the south and north’s different views on how slaves should be counted in representation was made apparent. On one hand, the south wanted slaves to be accounted for when deciding representation. Because the southern states had a large population of slaves they wanted to have more representation in the House of Representatives. However, the north had a different view, they thought that slaves should not be counted as the population for representation.
The cause of most political dispute around 1820-1860 was mostly about slavery. There has been division between the North and the South, though compromise had usually serve in calming the disagreement. However, nearing 1860, political compromise appeared useless. Comprises simply postponed addressing the issue, and led to even more greater issues than needed,compromise wasn’t working politically, socially,and economically for our nation.