In 1957, Sputnik 1 was launched into space. It was the world’s first artificial satellite, created by the Soviet Union, and was the object that began the Space Race. The launch of this satellite came as an unpleasant surprise to the United States (“The Space Race”). Less than a month later, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 2, which carried a dog, Laika, in it (“6 Key Events of the Space Race”). A year later, in 1958, the United States retaliated by launching Explorer 1.
What is the Space Race? The Space Race, a competition which grew out of the cold war with both sides wishing to exploit propaganda and military benefits of making the first forays beyond the Earth’s surface and atmosphere It lasted from 1955 to 1972. The USSR won the early victories of this race. It put Sputnik 1 in space on October 4, 1957, along with the first man in space (Yuri A. Gagarin) on April 12, 1961. After that, President John F. Kennedy announced in May 1961 that within a decade, an American would land on a moon and came safely home.
On July 20th, 1969, the Apollo 11 with astronaut Neil Armstrong and his crew, guided by thousands of NASA technicians, supposedly landed on the surface of the moon. It was certainly one of the most extraordinary events accomplished by mankind up to that date. Neil Armstrong’s first words upon stepping on the moon surface will always be remembered “ A small step for mankind, a giant leap for humanity”. Ever since then, this achievement has been a matter of discussion by several groups that either believed or disbelieved this. There are people who believe that the entire moon landing was “ The greatest government conspiracy of all time”.
During the years preceding the World War I, exponential progress in space technology was made in countries like Germany, the USSR and the USA. Unsurprisingly, their activities received an enormous boost during the war and afterwards, leading eventually to the great breakthrough of 1957, when Sputnik I became the first satellite to orbit the Earth in outer space. In April 1961, Yuri Gagarin completed the first manned space flight and in 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first human being to set foot on the moon. It had, by then, already become apparent that legal rules were indispensable, if confusion and undesirable practises in the use of outer space were to be avoided. While on the subject of history, it is worth going through the evolutionary
The famous Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were on the spacecraft and were the first humans to ever step foot onto a planet other than Earth. They brought back samples of the moon for further study and research. Right after they landed onto the moon, they prepared for liftoff again as a safety measure. They weren 't taking chances because of all the disastrous attempts before Apollo 11. Armstrong was the first of the two astronauts to leave the
Neil Armstrong plays an important role within the United States history. Armstrong was the first man to step foot onto the moon. Armstrong helped create many different types of aircrafts that helped modernize aircrafts today. Armstrong was a well known engineer in his day. Without Armstrong things in the world maybe different.
Is space exploration worth the cost? Space, the final frontier, where no man has gone before. Except astronauts have, and it costs taxpayers billions. But the real question is, is it worth it? Space exploration started in 1957 when Soviet Russia launched the first artificial satellite called Sputnik 1.
Marshall Aid contributed to the deteriorating relations between the two super powers after 1945. The USSR questioned American motives to provide aid to European countries and declared it as expansionist. In Truman’s address to the joint session of Congress 1947 he stated that he “believe(d) that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting” he then follows on to say “The peoples of a number of countries of the world have recently had totalitarian regimes forced upon them… the coercion and intimidation, in violation of the Yalta agreement in Poland, Rumania and Bulgaria” . Mentioning the new soviet satellite states was directly attacking the Soviet Union and Stalin. In this speech Truman is trying to sell the Truman Doctrine to Congress emphasising the need to adopt a policy of containment, in order to address a significant issue at the time – the fear of communism.
After World War 1 had ended, the world leaders spoke seriously to prevent upcoming future wars but since Hitler had come to power, Hitler violated the treaty of Versailles and began to make his army. Hitler reoccupied the Rhineland and militarized it with the army. He created a lot of many new tactics and military strategies that stunned the European nations before World War II. One of the military tactics he used was Blitzkrieg which was also known as the "Lightning war" but before that Hitler had to test it on a nation. Hitler stunned Europe with the speed and efficiency of the German attack on Poland.
Stalin stayed in Moscow as the German army marched on, ordering his men to destroy anything of value that may benefit their enemy. The tide of war changed for the Soviets at the Battle of Stalingrad. At the battle, the Red Army defeated the Nazis and eventually drove them from Russia. Stalin would go on to attend the meetings of the Allied Powers, and would become a loyal ally. Stalin still planned to expand the Soviet Empire after the war.