Berlin was known as the centerpiece of the Cold War. Being the capital city of Germany, the desire to have power over it was extremely high. Germany was split into two, the East, taken over by the Soviet Union, and the West, taken over by the United States, Britain, and France. Tensions rose between each country on who would be able to have power over Berlin. Since the city was on the east side and up to 100 miles inside Soviet-controlled East Germany, the Soviets had power; However, the West would not allow them to take over the capital city so easily. (Dearden)
Entering WWII brought America out of its depression and into the complicated world of political affairs. The change of U.S. foreign policy from the end of the First World War to the end of the Korean War changed drastically as the U.S. became a stronger world power. From isolationism to encouragement of interventions, it can be said that the U.S. reversed its policy within a few decades. The shift in its policy can be attributed to the international wars that got the U.S. involved with world politics, involvement of U.S. presidents in the world affairs, and the growing power of other foreign powers, such as the Soviet Union.
There is a great deal of risk in the strategy spoken by President Reagan because of the imbalance between ends, ways and means. Lykke provides a conceptual framework and vocabulary for describing risk in strategy in his “three-legged stool” model. His main point is that a balanced strategy is solid, but if ends, ways, or means are not aligned, the strategy incurs risk (Reading C203 D, p. 4).
War is based on fear and threats. The Cold War and The Butter Battle Book have many similarities in people and events and should be exposed to children through children literature books.
Around 1945, tensions began arising between the US and the USSR, which lead to the Cold War. During a 40 year time period, each nation tried to spread their political and economic systems. Both the US and the USSR wanted to spread their ideologies across the world. The origin of the Cold War was distrust; in “fighting” this war, the political and military tactics were the most effective.
The Berlin Wall was not an effective containment strategy. This is shown when an individual takes the time to assess the entirety of the Wall’s intent and overall outcome. Berlin was the capital of Germany, which was split into four different sections following World War II. Three out of four of those sections joined to form West Berlin, and the fourth section remained separate as West Berlin. The Berlin Wall was a border created by East Berlin, which was controlled by the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union did not want the danger of close connections with West Berlin near East Berlin, so it separated the two. This not only prevented interference in the East’s government and life, but also stopped people from East Berlin fleeing to West Berlin.
President Reagan’s address at the Brandenburg Gate was a historic speech to end the cold war. He challenged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to destroy the wall.Reagan declared, “Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate! Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” He challenged Gorbachev to tear down the wall if, he seeks freedom and prosperity for Soviet Union and East Germany.
America in the 1950’s was a time where neighbor was told to watch neighbor in fear of a spy from Soviet Russia. After the second World War, many had believed that the atheistic communists had infiltrated the United States government on a mission to shape its policies. Politicians became disgraced after accusations of being a Communist member or sympathizer. In his “Speech Delivered in Wheeling West Virginia, February 9, 1950”, Republican senator from Wisconsin, Joseph McCarthy, exemplified McCarthyism and the Red Scare by presenting a list of more than two hundred State Department employees that had been a Communist.
In the late 1940’s Berlin became the dividing line between Communism and Capitalism. This beleaguered city was to be the front line of the Cold War. In 1948 The city, divided into four sectors, one of which was occupied by the Soviet Union, was engaged in a life or death struggle for survival. The Berlin Airlift was not simply a struggle for the life of one city. The city was a prize in the game of chess between the west and the Soviet Union. The media of the day utilized rhetoric and to influence the emotions and allegiances of the people who read them, focusing more on the threat of Communism than on the plight of Germans themselves.
In 1987, Ronald Reagan gave one of his most famous speeches at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin, that forever changed the conflict between Germany and Communism. Just two years after this famous speech the Berlin Wall fell and communism crippled under pressure from the rest of the World. Ronald Reagan will forever be remembered for his speech that is known to have ended Communism.
On June 22nd, 1941, the Germans invaded the Soviet Union under the codename, “Operation Barbarossa”. Operation Barbarossa is the second largest military conflict in the military history. In 1939, Hitler signed a nonaggression pact with Joseph Stalin, the Soviet Union’s dictator, in which they would have no military action for the next ten years. However not even two years later, Hitler ordered to invade the Soviet Union. This invasion was only suppose to last three to six months; instead it lasted for about three years. It was one of the most prudent choices Hitler has made in World War II.
The Berlin Airlift paper will focus on the prelude to conflict. In 1948, the Western Powers (Great Britain, France, and US) plans to rebuild Germany varied from that of the Soviet Union. There would be no compromise and as a result, Stalin wanted them out of Berlin. In early 1948, tensions between the once former Allies were at their peak. On April 9, 1948, Stalin ordered all American Military personnel maintaining communications equipment out of the Soviet controlled Berlin. On June 22nd, they placed armed guards aboard all trains, attached a Soviet locomotive and towed it back to Western Germany. On June 24, 1948, all land and water access to West Berlin was cut off by the Soviets and no more supplies from the west was allowed in. Where
What was the Cold war? A question that challenged the three that I interviewed. I began to think maybe it has to do with Generation wise of why the question could not be answered to my surprise I was wrong; this is what I found. The first woman that I
The Berlin Wall was built to separate the Communist east from the Democratic west. This ominous divider was was twelve feet of concrete that stretched for one hundred miles around West Berlin. The infamous symbol of the Cold War was guarded by electric fences and guard posts stationed along it. This boundary was built in 1961 and fell in 1990, after a decree was put into place by the East Germans to open the wall in 1989. Ronald Reagan’s speech “Tear Down this Wall” was one of the events that lead to the destruction of the Berlin Wall and the end of the Cold War era. This speech took place on the edge of the berlin Wall on the seven hundred fiftieth anniversary of Berlin and was directed towards anyone who was listening and affected by the separation the wall caused. The speech given by Ronald Reagan on June 12, 1987 is memorable because of the use of logos and pathos throughout the entire speech.