They relied on a single source of food and were more susceptible to disease due to their close proximity to domesticated animals. Although the animals provided transportation and abundant protein, they also carried diseases that also affected humans. Despite the caveats of depending on a single food source, grains allowed the growth of civilizations since they were storable, allowing for a surplus. The main grains that allowed for the growth of states were the ones domesticated in the Fertile Crescent, such as emmer wheat, einkorn wheat, barley, pulses lentil, pea, chickpea, and the fiber crop flax (Diamond 79). Diamond states that other grains found in other parts of the world, such as knotweed, maygrass, and little barley in North America were nutritious, but were incredibly small and hard to farm, which meant that these types were harder to fully depend on (88).
The Aztecs created new technology to help lower the amount of physical labor in their empire. "[Aztecs] were also busy developing a remarkable agricultural system called chinampas. Because of their strong military and agricultural success, Aztec leaders were able to rule some ten million people"(Aztec Intro Article). The Aztec people changed their way of living through their jobs in the fields. They worked everyday to maintain crops that grew "as far as the eye can see".
The two theories on how mortality affected population growth rate during the agricultural revolution are discussed as follows. Theory 1: Mortality declined Regular food supply The agricultural revolution brought about regular and regular more reliable food supply. Unlike when the people would still hunt and gather their own food which was not a reliable form of food supply because nomadic people had to move from one place to another in search of food that they can eat. Agriculturalists would just plant their own food and maintain it so that they are sure of what they will produce and when it will be consumable. Protection against severe weather The sedentary lifestyle also helped the nomadic people to settle and build themselves a shelter that would protect them against harsh weather conditions such as heavy winds and storms.
However, the trend in the practice of the new agriculture led displacement for some farmers to migrate into rural areas or better yet another country, such as America or Australia. Additionally, there was an increase in agricultural productivity with the help of new technologies and knowledge in production occurred during sixteenth century to seventeenth century. Havinden, Jones, and Kerridge argued that there was a significant rise in the output of productivity occurred during the sixteenth century to seventeenth century, which was reformulated and expanded by Allen and Clark (Allen, 1999). Some of these machines that were created with technology were seed drill, improved reapers, plows, horse-drawn rakes, and threshers. As for the new knowledge for production, people were able to come up with cop rotation and soil mixing, the knowledge that the vegetable turnip is a food source that
During the early 19th century, new advances in industry, marketing, and manufacturing, such as interchangeable parts, put industry out of the house, and workshops. Shops and factories began to expand throughout the U.S. Although, the industrial revolution began in England, the 18th century inventors came up with ways to generate power with steam engines, and mass amounts of coal. Before the revolution hit America, the primary source of income was trade with European countries, not industry, or manufacturing. When farms, and plantations produced mass goods like tobacco, wheat, and other grains.
The Industrial Revolution took place from the 18th to the 19th century and because of it economic growth as well as transportation and many other things were possible. As stated by the History website the Industrial Revolution “was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban.” (2) Without the industrial revolution going to the store to pick up tools and equipment would not be possible. Before it took place, people would create and make their own equipment and tools at home. As soon as the Industrial revolution took off, all kinds of equipment, tools, and gear started to be manufactured by companies! Items and products were manufactured in bulk and in large amounts at a time
The increased speed given to machinery within the last thirty years, has, in very many instances, doubled the labour of both" states the author John Fielden, in his book called "The Curse of the Factory System." After many people saw how the employees were being treated, some laws were put into place. One of the called "The Factory Act," put child labor laws into effect and set a specific set of rules for how workers should be treated while working. The Factory Act instructed that owners were to have four active higher authority persons in charge, and made sure that factory owners had to license to own a factory (Thenationalarchives.gov.uk). Once again, without this turning point in history, labor laws may not have been in effect
In addition to the increase in population and farming, trade began to make it’s return as well. Looking at the diagram from Document 6, you can see the various trade routes connecting Europe. The regions “had their own agricultural classes” (Doc 6) which would introduce new resources and goods to many, making lives more easier and pleasant. All of these traits of the High Ages make it clear about the difference of life in the medieval times, that the High Ages were vastly greater in terms of living
The Neolithic Revolution was a crucial starting point for civilizations mainly because it was the period in which agriculture was discovered, successfully practiced, and acknowledged by many other societies as it spread to other regions of the world from its starting point in the fertile Middle East. Although it is referred to as a “revolution,” the progression from mobile hunting and gathering groups to more complex, stationary farming societies took thousands of years before finally becoming an essential base for many large societies. Farming led to important means that might now serve as fundamentals, or at least elements, of our very definition of civilization today, such as the construction of houses. These advancements caused further
How the Industrial Revolution Caused the Utopian Society What is the Industrial Revolution? The industrial revolution began in the 1770’s in England. The Revolution consisted of the economy slowly developing and changing with the employers wanting more money and produce produced, which inspired new ideas. Machines started being invented, coal and oil soon began to power the machines, instead of humans, and working environments soon became safe. Britain began the revolution first, it then quickly spread to some of Europe, the U.S, the remaining parts of Europe, and then slowly to the “Asian Tigers” (Cite WCP).