To began, the ancient civilization of the Mesopotamian invented cuneiform. Cuneiform was the first written developed by the Sumerians over 5000 years ago (Doc. 1). That is one of the most important inventions in the world. That paved the way for writing in the future. The used cuneiform to keep records , document, business dealings , barley and to pass down new ideas
These civilizations were located in what is now southwestern Asia. Each had great contributions to the future societies. To start, the Sumerians created cuneiform script. It was the world’s first written language. (Doc. 1) Cuneiform means wedge shaped.
Without a doubt, Ancient Greece has had great influence on the formation and development of western culture and civilization. Athens, arguably the greatest city-state of Ancient Greece, brought forth democracy into the world. It was during the golden age of Ancient Greece that Philosophy, Science, Math, Literature, and the Arts started to make their mark on western civilization. Greek thinkers established the modern fields we now take for granted. It was because of their cultural and intellectual revolutions that the world as we know it now exists.
There are different styles of sculptures (art) first style to appear is the archaic style, Sculptures of human figures started appearing in Ancient Greece they called this period the Archaic period, and they were inspired from Egypt’s techniques but the Greeks adapted their own style and taste into their sculptures. The Greeks used mainly two materials to sculpt which is marble and bronze by the lost wax process. One of the first sculptures to appear was the New York Kouros it was cut out of pure marble and showing the spaces between the legs of the sculpture. In the archaic period, sculptures of females were called Korai the sculptures mainly show who serve Athena (The Greek
Ancient Greece had numerous contributions, but the area that the Greeks made the most important contributions was literature. One way is the Greek alphabet (new creation of writing). In other words the Greek Alphabet was really beneficial to the Greeks and society today. For instance, The Greeks came in contact with the phoenicians. The phoenicians used a script with an thirty word alphabet on it.
The Minoan civilization is an Aegean Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete and flourished from approximately 2000BC. It is credited as the first European civilization to use a written language – known as Linear A. It is renowned for the series of great palaces, beautiful frescoes, and distinguished carved stone vases, which reveal it was highly artistic and sophisticated. For about six centuries they prospered, exercising a cultural hegemony over more or less the whole of the Aegean Sea, until the abrupt demise around 1380 BC. The factors to bring about the end of the Minoan period are still intensely debated, though many theories seem to go along with Jared Diamond’s theories regarding a collapse of a civilization—
Throughout the history of this planet there have been countless civilizations that have left their mark. The ancient Greek empire is one of those civilizations. What is so intriguing about ancient Greece is the stories and history of Greek mythology. Greek mythology represents much of the Greek way of life that occurred thousands of years ago. It shows us what people thought of the gods and goddesses and also what they thought of one another.
Christianism became the official religion, while Latin became the main language; for over 600 years. This led to an extension of any other Iberian language and nowadays, Castilian Spanish is a continuation of the spoken Latin; it is from Latin that Spanish evolved. Despite the fall of the Roman Empire, the Latin language kept on developing in various social environments through the Middle Ages. Important books were written in Latin, and kept on being read during the centuries. The importance of Latin on the Spanish language was so massive that even today, Latin words are closely related to Spanish ones: for example, “cantare” (to sing) is now said “cantar” in Spanish.
Over the past centuries where the world has slowly been constantly evolving, many civilizations were formed by different ethnics and races ever since 3500 BC being the earliest. Ancient civilizations are often formed from small isolated groups of people. From then on, communities were formed and then societies which then finally becomes a civilization. Over the course of years, civilization played a big role in developing modernization and instilling what we call culture and religion in our daily lives today. Many ancient civilizations in the past were particularly famous and contributed significantly to the world today.
Ancient Romans used the Greek alphabet as their lettering system. This alphabet was first used by the Etruscans and then was spread throughout peninsula. Romans who lived close to the southern Greek colonies most likely took the alphabet from the Greeks. The alphabet that eventually became the Latin alphabet spread throughout the whole Roman empire.
Guided Art Tour: Greek Influence on Roman Art Kritios Boy, Early Classical Period, c. 485-480 B.C.E, Parian Marble, 1.17 m, Athens, Greece. Expressing the beauty of the human body by means of sculpture had been an important concept for the ancient Greek culture; in which later would be of great importance to the ancient Romans, especially under the rule of Emperor Augustus. An example of a Greek sculpture that expresses much beauty and sophistication would be the Kritios boy, which exhibits the transition between the archaic period of Greek art to the realistic period of Greek art. It is believed that the defeat of the Persians after the battle of Marathon provided the confidence for the Greeks to pursue a realistic approach towards sculpture,
They were in great times because they had Julius Caesar, who was an awesome ruler. They had a great water system that could support everyone. But what controlled the mediterranean was their army. They could march distances up to 40km a day and that was due to the extreme conditioning they had to do. They also had a very big army because romans lived about 100% longer than everyone else in western europe.
The trireme had now acquired a new total of 170 to 180 rowers and a length of 121 feet; Greek warships had been improved to a speed that they had not reached before which helped them during battles. Later on, carpenters also came up with the quadrireme, but it was not nearly as common as biremes and triremes. Most men on the ships and men in general back in Ancient Greece fought with spear and sword. For example, Greek foot soldiers who were also known as hoplites always had armor and a shield equipped and their dory ready. The dory was a long spear with a leaf shaped iron tip and a wooden shaft.
Lastaly, Alexander was a very important in Ancient Greece history. Alexander lead the groundwork for the Rome building like large harbor, empire named after himself and a tunnel underground to sneak up on his enemy. He spread culture around around the eastern world, one of them are called Hellenism. He had a powerful influence on the people and the way they treated others. Alexander train his army really will and was always the first to attack , also plan things out.