Up to 750 women were estimated to be enlisted and fought in every major battle of the war. These brave women were motivated by adventure, promising pay, and loyalty to their cause. This, combined with that fact that they knew they had the power to help, drove many American women to conceal their gender and participate in the military (Smith 3 - 4). “I could only thank God that I was free and could go forward and work, and I was not obliged to stay at home and weep" (Smith 4). Although this seems like it would be difficult to do, meager training requirements, sanitary customs, and bulky uniforms at the time made it much simpler to keep these women 's identities a secret.
But it wasn’t till May 1942 that congress began to allow women to enroll in the U.S Army, and by 1945 there were over 6,000 female officers at work (History.com Staff, 2010). Roughly 350,000 women joined the armed services and served both at home and abroad. (History.com Staff, 2010). During this war a group of women called WASPs, or Women’s Airforce Service Pilots were the first women to fly an American Military aircraft (History.com Staff, 2010). There were also women in the army who helped build weapons, planes, bombs and even tanks to help the soldiers fighting World War Two (“Rosie the Riveter - U-S-History.com”).
Edwards- nurse, spy, and soldier- who claimed to have served in the Army of the Potomac in a Michigan regiment under the name of Pvt. Franklin Thompson.” (Waugh). Not much is known on how many women actually fought in battles. Many female soldiers left little to no records of their reasons for enlisting, but what information there is gives people the idea of what it was
Boyd served as a spy for the Confederacy, and Edmonds and Velazquez “were two of the hundreds of women who passed as men to fight on the front lines, refusing to be left behind with weeping mothers and sweethearts…” Each woman who chose to make such a decision had her own individual reason for doing so. While some women who had posed as men prior to the start of the war felt pressured to enlist as any man would, there were others who chose to join the army so that they could follow family members and loved ones into battle. In literature, the idea of women following their men into battle during this time period has been romanticized, and one couple did reportedly enlist together on their honeymoon, however, this was not necessarily true for all women who chose to get more involved in the war effort. In fact, “patriotism and the love of a good man may have driven some women into the armies of the Civil War, but so, too, did their quest for adventure and their hope for a different sort of paying job than was typically available to
There were many women playing important roles in the Civil War, including nurses, spies, soldiers, civil rights advocates and promoters of women’s suffrage. Most women were engaged in supplying the troops with food, clothing, medical supplies. But there
During World War 2, many men were drafted to contribute to the war efforts. They were sent overseas, and many did not return home. However, while they were away, there was still work needed to be done on the home front. Women had made a huge contribution to this, and this notion usually goes unnoticed. American women were not the only women who contributed to the war.
Some Americans thought that a woman joining makes them less feminine, which of course is incorrect. Women, who had been styled to look very feminine, were soon broadcasted in war effort advertisements (Perkins). Women’s fashion even reflected the look of war times and military stylings combined with feminist touches. Women wore trousers, headgear, large handbags, and red lipstick in their daily apparel. This boosted their confidence and unintentionally brightened the spirits of the men fighting alongside of them (Perkins).
Most of women accepted their new positions as heads of households, making household decisions, and ran their businesses by self. Some of them became one of war supporters: they were active business partners, spies, or producers for the army. And a lot of women participated in the war as militaries to supply troops. One of those women was Deborah Sampson Gannett “who had dressed as a man and served for seventeen months in the Continental Army” (Gillon, pg.305). Some widows ran their husbands’ businesses and stores or remarry quickly after their husbands died.
The American Revolution brought independence to slaves, colonists, Native Americans, and women. The Revolutionary War made the United States and France allies go against Great Britain. France made a choice to assist the United States military until they received independence from Great Britain. The Revolution had a huge part in slavery, such as bringing conflict between slavery and liberty because the North prohibited slavery. The South did not believe that slavery should be abolished.
During world war II, the role of women changed drastically. Since men were off fighting for the country, women stepped into their roles as factory workers. Some even took it a step further by joining the military. When peace returned, men and
Women were close to having a gender quota during the wars, but their jobs were given back to men coming back from war. After World War II, the participating rate of women in the labor force were slowly increasing. The number of women that joined the labor force in war industries grew over 460% of employment (“Women”). Since genders in the labor force grew over the past years, the diversity in the labor force expanded in the following years. However, women were not considered for the battlefield because most of them would be needed as nurses for wounded soldiers.
There are still many more men bosses than women although more women earn Bachelor’s degrees. Recently, “women are being cleared to play a greater role in combat — and vie for thousands of jobs — after the military conducted an internal review of how they might perform in artillery, armor and infantry roles” (Chappell). Although it is great that women are now going to be able to have roles in combat, it took many years for them to reach these roles. Since the 1970’s, women have been able to attend service academies. Even in the 1990’s, they were allowed into military roles, but with many exceptions so that they could not perform in combat.
I grew up on the edge of the Nile in the same house that I live in now. I share the home with my wife, Abayomi, and my parents. I work on the farm now, while my parents stay at home with my wife. Abayomi picks the cotton and goes to clean it and prepare it for the market. I work most of the time and we are getting by okay. I know people that aren't so lucky. Many of my friends work in a factory all day long and barely are able to buy enough food to survive with their family.