A change in the Carthaginian senate in 203 greatly influenced Hannibal’s campaign in Italy. Hannibal’s popularity had declined and his faction no longer held the power in Carthage that it previously held by 203 B.C. A treaty enacted by the Romans and Carthaginians for peace could only come into force once Hannibal and his brother Mago left Italy. Clearly, Hannibal realized the Carthaginians had named him the scapegoat for the War. Livy states that no sooner had Hannibal realized this when he immediately blamed Hanno for this disgrace. Within a year, Hannibal returned to Africa, only to lose one of the decisive battles of the war. Hannibal, forced to resign as a general after the war, continued to serve Carthage as a suffete or magistrate
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(Potter, pg.68) Finally, Rome was able to defeat the last Carthaginian fleet which left Carthage unable to supply their troops stationed in Italy. (Potter, pg.69) A treaty was drawn which included the ability of Carthage to keep all of their territories except for Sicily and a rather small amount of money that they must pay
Caesar’s military accomplishments played a vital role in restoring Rome. The various endeavours Caesar undertook as a military commander during the 58 – 50 BC Gallic wars benefitted Rome immensely, as Caesar subdued Gaul, made leeway in previously uncharted Britain, (source 5) established loyalties and increased the state of finances. Plutarch, a Greek-born Roman historian, praises “Caesars achievements [which] surpass [that of the greatest generals]” (source 5). Despite a one century detachment from events and pro-imperial nature (unseen), Plutarch offers a fairly reliable viewpoint. It could be inferred Caesar would have been unable to strengthen and expand Rome without such military capabilities.
Every time he won, Rome would be expanded. Therefor Caesar did not expect the Consul to betray him, he thought they were gonna be happy he is making Rome more powerful. Caesars intentions were not to become dictator of Rome, he wanted to make it more powerful and he got caught up in the excitement of battle. He fought many battles, many armies, and lost many men.
Caesar’s military activities in Gaul, Germany, and Britain campaigns had significantly important impacted the Roman Republic. Along with a substantial impact on the Roman Republic, the campaigns had prolonged both Caesars political and military career. The campaigns had offered the Roman Republic many advantages that includes; extending their clientele for future military campaigns, provided the Romans great recruiting grounds for their troops, and prolonged the amount of money the Roman Province had. This was all due to Caesars military activity in the Gallic Wars. “Caesar longed for a high command, a great army, and a pioneering war in which his brilliant qualities could be demonstrated”
Punic Wars Long before Julius Caesar came into power, Rome had found itself in the Punic Wars against the African city-state of Carthage. This series of battles lasted from 246 BC to 146 BC with time in between each war. In the first Punic War, Rome won and added Sicily onto it's Republic. In the second war that lasted 16 years, Hannibal, the Carthaginian General launched a surprise
According to Machievelli Scipio “was limited in the range of actions he could take… because it could damage his reputation which was seen as spotless among his soldiers” (Eudaimonia). One of the only things that backfired on Hannibal was that with the respect from soldiers, and fear from Romans “the Carthaginian Senate repeatedly refused Hanibal’s requests for aid and supplies'' which may have been from their own selfishness, or because they feared Hannibal would become too powerful and take over Carthage (Mark). Instilling fear into the Romans which caused his men, and later even the Romans, to respect him was a good thing since fear always stays with people, while love is hard to maintain. As Machiavelli says,“ love is held by a bond of obligation which, since men are shabby, is broken for their own utility upon every occasion;but timorousness is secured by fear of punishment which never lets you go” (Machiavelli). Even after eventually losing the war, and after his passing, Hannibal was still respected, and the Romans even built a statue of him to show their ability to beat such a great nemesis which just proves how influential
That there were terror and confusion in Rome because Rome didn’t have a good defense, like the read says “ two consular armies annihilated, both consuls dead, Rome left without a force in the field, without a commander, without a single soldier.” Also Hannibal acquire two italian provinces, Apulia and Samnium. I can interpreted from the text that people in Rome were scared that Hannibal will attack Rome for his revenge victory. Also they didn’t have a good communication on what was happening and were Hannibal was attacking. Like in the read says: “ It was not easy to work out a plan: their troubles, already great enough, were made worse by the lack of firm news; the streets were loud with the wailing and weep- ing of women, and nothing yet
The results of the Second Punic War differed from those of Rome against the Latins. When at war with the Latins, Rome struggled to consolidate its dominance over the Latins, which was a small-scale war. Meanwhile, in the Second Punic Wars, the fights were large-scale, involving numerous battles and campaigns spanning many years. Besides that, Carthage, Rome's enemy in the Second Punic War, was a large empire with far greater resources and military capabilities than the Latin countries. In comparison with Rome's wars conquering Latin countries, the Second Punic War was a much more complex conflict because of the involvement of two great generals who had high intelligence in making strategic plans for war and the best military leader in history,
Following a prolonged siege and a bloody struggle, in which Hannibal himself was wounded and the army practically destroyed, the Carthaginians finally took control of the city. Many of the Saguntians chose to commit suicide rather than face subjugation by the Carthaginians. You will importantly realize that the Second Punic War saw Hannibal and his troops–including as many as 90,000 infantry, 12,000 cavalry and a number of elephants–march from Spain across the Alps and into Italy, where they scored a string of victories over Roman troops at Ticinus, Trebia and Trasimene. Hannibal’s daring invasion of Rome reached its height at Cannae in 216 B.C., where he used his superior cavalry to surround a Roman army twice the size of his own and inflict massive casualties. After this disastrous defeat, however, the Romans managed to rebound, and the Carthaginians lost hold in Italy as Rome won victories in Spain and North Africa under the rising young general Publius Cornelius Scipio who was later known as Scipio Africanus.
The city-state built up its military for another strike against the Romans. Carthaginian military leader Hamilcar Barca brought his army to Spain and increased his forces with money and men collected from the Spaniards. The Romans did nothing to stop this Carthaginian threat because they were busy fighting other tribes on the Italian Peninsula. When Hamilcar died in 229 BC, he was replaced by Hannibal, who assumed command of Carthage's army of 35,000 men.
The Romans didn’t have much command over the province, but they did have some connections to the further side of the border. Caesar speedily took benefit of these connections to extend the boundaries of Rome beyond the borders of Gaul. Caesar decided to invade Britain, whose tribes seemed to have close relations with Gaul. These expeditions were well-celebrated by the Romans as for the first time Rome had expanded so far. However, Vercingetorix, a noble tribesman of Gaul, with his men, surprisingly rose against Caesar, threatening his power in Gaul.
Julius Caesar was a Powerful Roman politician and general, who served as a god to the Romans. He played a key role in the events that led to the downfall of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman empire. His reign from 49 B.C to 44 B.C illustrated his dominance in controlling a commanding army and ruling a nation. Many historians have different opinions on Caesar's command. Some saw him as a leader for the people, whereas others saw him as a man searching for power and power alone.
Introduction Rome and Carthage were almost equal in strength and resources. From the early days of the Republic, Rome and Carthage maintained a friendly relationship and even signed a treaty against Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, who was a threat to both states. Comparison Ancient Carthage was a wealthy state with a small population, it employed foreigners to do the unwanted jobs and relied on foreign mercenaries rather than citizens to do her fighting. The mercenaries did not have a sense of belonging to the Carthaginian nation.
The Comparable power it is showed during the second Punic war and shaken the power of Romans. At the end declines from the war and finally lost seriously, and the war ended forever by Roman declaration. The Second Punic War finally placed in an end to Carthage’s empire in the western Mediterranean, give a chance to Rome in control of Spain and letting Carthage hold and keep only its territory in North Africa. The Carthage also required this time to give up its belief and pay the plentiful fine to the Romans in silver (Morey, 1901).The bottom line is the war over with the Roman