The target of the raid was Deerfield’s prominent reverend, John Williams, who was planned to be traded for the French captain Jean Baptiste Guyon, who was currently being held by the English. The Williams home was raided, and the two youngest children were scalped. Williams, his wife, and five other children ranging from fourteen to four were captured along with a hundred and twelve other Deerfield residents. The Williams children were scattered among the Indian tribes, and the captives were eventually sold to the French and traded in exchange for captives. Three years later, John Williams was able to make his way back and negotiate for the release of his children.
Leisler militia got rid of Governor Nicholson and appointed himself a new governor of New York and ruled from 1689-1691, refusing to transfer the command to a pointed royal commander. Leisler lost the respect of his followers when he was heard referring to his rivals in offensive language and when he imprisoned forty of his opponents. This rebellion reflected the hostility between landholders and
In retaliation, the surviving Indians attacked Matthews’s plantation and killed one of his indentured servants. The killing of the one white man was made into a justification for the beginning of an indiscriminant killed of Native Americans. The governor of Virginia, Berkeley, wanted
1. England came to settle in America due to financial reasons, for power, for land, and for religious freedom. Unlike England, Spain came to settle in America for the conversion of Catholicism, control of the native population and cultural assimilation. According to the book Of the People, Spain came to North America for the same reasons they explored in Mexico like gold and spread of religion, “In the southeast, the Spanish never found the great sought-after cities of gold resembling the Aztec capitals” (pg.23). Spain began its exploration in North America with Christopher Columbus.
This also applied to the Dutch, because they had lacked backbone in North America. This brought the only countries involved in the control of North America between England and France. The colonies were caught in crossfire between France and England. The colonists were only involved in minor parts during King William’s War. Land was captured from the colonists by the French, but was returned
Uyen Nguyen HIST A170 Prof. Brent Rudmann Annotated Bibliography Historical Myth In the early of 17th century, the escape from the religious intolerance of Europe of the English Puritans, also known as Pilgrims, to establish freedom in North America (New England) was always mentioned in the textbook version of early New Englanders. The truth was, however, the Pilgrims did not escape Europe to avoid the religious intolerance and to establish freedom but to be taken all their rights by America 's law at that time until the founding fathers established a separation of church and state, from which religious freedom began shaping. Philbrick, Nathaniel. Mayflower. New York: 1 Penguin Group, 2006.
Communities of Consensus Research Report The Great Awakening during the Colonial time is an example of Communities of Consensus. During the late 1760s the Puritans and Anglicans represented 40% of the nation 's religion. Ministers tried to promote a single “identity” but were unable to due to the restriction of religious freedom. As evangelists went town after town they found bigger chapels and a huge number of Protestant categories grew. The Great awakening pulled America away from the English way of politics and religion.
It was 114 years since the Indians encounter with a tribe, but in 1607, English colonists braced Jamestown with their presence. From the time of their arrival, the Indians, specifically their paramount chief, Powahatan, accepted the challenge of conquering the English. Captain John Smith and his exploratory party was bound to receive brutal executions. For example, Smith was wounded in a gunpowder explosion. However, a positive relationship began to establish as Powahatan’s daughter, Pocahontas became the mediator between the English and Indians.
Henry VI (also Henry of Navarre), is known for his abrupt change in religious faith, from Calvinism to Catholicism, ending the French Wars of Religion and consolidating France into a unified nation. After the death of the Duke of Anjou, Catherine de Médicis youngest son, Henry of Navarre became the next person in line after the reigning of Henry III. Henry of Navarre, a Protestant Calvinist, posed a threat to the Catholic rule of France. This provoked the creation of the Catholic League, a group of Catholic powers “held together by one common goal: to prevent the monarchy of the ‘Most Christian King’ from falling into the hands of a heretic.” (Holt 123) In response, Henry “abjured his Calvinist faith and recognized the Catholic religion as
John Smith thought that a common ritual for the tribe was actually a vicious attack (J.A. Leo Lemay). In the ritual, a Pocahontas pretended to save John Smith as a way of welcoming him into the tribe. Smith told his account of this story in “General History.” He only assumed that the emperor was trying to kill him. Smith misunderstood what the whole ritual meant (J.A.
The French and Indian War, or the Seven Years War, began in 1754, as a result of conflict over territory and trade in North America. As both countries conquered the new land, letting their civilians settle there as colonists with the sole purpose of providing money for their homeland, they encountered the Ohio Valley; land that was assured to contribute to each of their imperialist motives. During the war where French troops allied with the native Americans against Britain, the laws given to the British colonies were left unmonitored, and the colonists evaded the strict taxation and rules against trading with other countries. However, when the war ended in 1763, resulting in a British victory, Britain was left a multitude of problems. This included the great national debt of approximately 122 million British pounds.
During the four centuries of Spanish rule, the island 's cultural and physical landscapes were transformed, with European knowledge, customs, and traditions being introduced, especially Roman Catholicism and the Spanish language. In 1898, following the Spanish–American War, Spain ceded the island to the United States under the terms of the Treaty of Paris (Mitchell 1). Almost from the very beginning, Puerto Rico spawned political movements that saw the future of the island very differently, as an independent nation or a state of the United States of America. The Independence movement has been a constant in Puerto Rico’s history, but has never reached a level that could register in the double digits as a percentage at the polls. For example, in 2012, in the last Puerto Rico status referendum, the independence option received only 4.4% of the vote.
In the American colonies between 1763 and 1775, a burning desire for freedom and to rid themselves of the perpetual taxation sparked within the aggravated colonists; leading to the people of the thirteen colonies to declare their separation from Great Britain. The British government placed a multitude of restraints onto the American colonists which limited the colonies ability to develop as a region in the process. In 1763 the Proclamation Act was passed which forbade the colonists to settle West of the Appalachian Mountains and required people who were previously living on that land to move back to the East. The American colonist was extremely frustrated at that passing of this law since they won the French and Indian War for the British
a. Pocahontas saved John Smith from Indians who captured him. D. The Uprising of 1622 1. Once the English began to permanently settle, the deaths caused major trouble. a. Opechancanough led an attack on Virginia’s settlers in 1622. 2.
The increase of taxation led to a crisis from colonial people. Riots were established to those who initiated or supported the taxes, stealing everything from some members homes but the foundation and walls. Groups were formed of colonialists who sought liberty, declared the excessive taxation as unconstitutional and fought to protect what they felt were consumer rights. This all lead to the great American revolution in which once the Stamp Act was placed by the parliament, colonial society then produced a stamp act congress to counteract the parliaments decision. This establishment led to the Continental Congress, which eventually separated the colonies from the parliament to then govern themselves and cut ties to the English Crown moving towards