The government in ancient Athens was governed by a radical democratic system from 508-322 B.C. and was very different in its size and how the system allowed all males to participate in the government. The Peloponnesian War effected their government when the oligarchy party overthrew the democracy and replaced it with the modern regime of the Five Thousand. Athenians spent almost 100 year fighting to restore democracy and defeat the Spartans and their allies the Persians. Their style of government goes back even before the Peloponnesian War around the time of 620 B.C.
Although Alexander 's army was outnumbered, he used his flair for military strategy to create formations that defeated the Persians again and caused Darius to flee. In November of 333, Alexander declared himself the king of Persia after capturing Darius and making him a fugitive.
Rome had begun in 750 BCE, as a peaceful, thriving settlement, until their government turned from a Republic into a dictatorship. Then, political strain started occurring in the heart of Rome. Roman leaders started focusing on using force instead of compromise to overtake land. Rome had started to get lazy, and was open for attack. Outside invaders infiltrated Rome, not completely destroying the empire, but destroying the city and heart of Rome.
Alexander III of Macedonia inherited an empire that included the kingdom of Macedonia and the city-states of Greece. He was a very cruel and harsh leader. Almost immediately, Alexander set out to conquer the Persian Empire. He achieved his dream when he was 30 but then died a few years later. Alexander is one of the most famous people in history.
Xerxes the great, the fourth king of Persia, emerged as one of the most intriguing historical figures of his time. After his father, Darius the Great was assassinated, Xerxes was left to finish what his father failed to accomplish and made numerous attempts to avenge his title. These attempts include the multiple expeditions he mounted to Greece which resulted in a series of defeats. Xerxes was left susceptible to the bias and hostile accounts written by Greek writers, which present him as a violent and unstable ruler. Accounts by Herodotus as well as other primary sources remain the only foundations that portray Xerxes in a positive light, balancing out his good and bad points.
He then set off and conquered Egypt, the Persian Empire, and won a hard battle against India before his troops forced him to return home. Alexander then died at the age of 32. Most people see Alexander as Great because he conquered a lot of land, built a massive empire, and was a military genius, but Alexander was not so great. Alexander the Great did not deserve his title as Great because he gained his power by fear, killed innocent
However, it was not long before the Fascist’s military campaigns started failing, the culmination being the invasion of Sicily by the Allies. This weakened the party to an extent, where the King, this time backed by the army, could easily overthrow Mussolini. (Ellis and The Fascist Experience in Italy) Fascism in Italy arose rapidly as a result of the devastating consequences of World War I, but once the regime had to face another war, it failed to protect the nation and follow the promises it made to the people. As a result, about twenty years after its creation, the Fascist party lost all credibility and disintegrated. Italian Fascism flourished in the difficult and painful years after the Great War, because of its ideas that promised the revival of the great Italian nation.
The Battle of Yorktown would end the war between American and Britain. The battle took place in Yorktown Virginia, beginning on September 28th of 1781 and continued until October 19th 1781. America was lead by George Washington and aided by the French General Rochambeau who were put against British General Lord Cornwallis. The combined army of American and French soldiers arrived in Yorktown on September 28th and started a Siege on British forces. The American troops bombarded the British army, and on October 14th the Continental Army attacked and defeated the last of the British 's remaining defenses.
From this unrest arose the second triumvirate. This triumvirate was composed of Antony, Lepidus, and Octavian. The second triumvirate lasted for about one decade after the murder of Caesar. As with the first triumvirate, the leaders’ dissimilarities with each other started emersion causing some friction in areas of interest and political ambition. Octavian eventually exiled Octavian, and defeated Antony at sea, who eventually committed suicide with his Egyptian wife Cleopatra.
In part two, Persia is defeated as they try to invade Greece in 490 BCE. After their victory, Themistocles is elected into power and builds a great naval force. When Persia attacks a second time, they are eradicated once again. Pericles, Themistocles