There have been many changes throughout history, though the Neolithic revolution is often considered the most noteworthy. This era is when systematic agriculture was developed, fundamentally changing the way people lived. This was a major change in history: from hunting and gathering, to farming and domesticating animals. Occurring from around 10,000-3,000 BC, it changed the way history would be perceived.
The progression of civilization since the 900’s leaves archaeologists and historians with questions such as, why did societies decide to domesticate crops or why did society abandon the hunter gather lifestyle? There are many hypothesis for the origins of agriculture like the social hypothesis that claims the success of food production allowed individuals to create surplus which gave them the ability to trade for valuable goods. This surplus also provided individuals with power and the leaders could acquire a labor force that would help them gather and create more surplus. The hunter gather lifestyle had its advantages as well. Hunter gathers had a seasonal routine and did not have to rely on someone to provide them with food.
Have you ever wondered what Agricultural Revolution was and if it had a positive or negative effect on human civilization? Well, the Agricultural Revolution had a huge effect on civilization. It was when humans discovered how to farm! This took place from about 10,000 B.C to about 3,000 B.C. I believe it had a positive effect on human civilization for a couple of reasons.
It allows us to break down barriers between other communities. Also, the new farming equipment helped make the lives of both worlds a lot more productive and easier. Animals were based around the farming equipment to allow them to pull. We still use some of the equipment in this lifetime. For instance, the plow.
In Mesopotamia, the rivers Tigris and Euphrates flooded the land each year. This flooding provided the earth with a rich soil that was ideal for agriculture. With this fertile soil, humans were capable of planting crops and engaging in cultivation. Hunters and gatherers settled down and began to domesticate animals and crops, as well as develop stronger homes. Organization and social skills began to advance, regulations and government were created, and a larger civilization started to form.
In 10,000 B.C. the agriculture revolution started with the Neolithic Period, people were able to stay in one place, and grow there own food. Instead of gathering and migrating with the animal 's, they were able to stay in one place and build settlement 's. These settlement 's turn into the ancient cities such as Egypt, Nubia, Babylon, Greece and Rome. Mesopotamia 's started inventing, one of the most important In my opinion is writing witch came from the Sumerians. They also watered there crops by irrigation, and made potters wheel. For deface forged weapons, also tools to make farming easier.
Agriculturists and hunter/gatherers have many differences and similarities. They have different populations, food supplies, technology, etc. These two groups of people live very differently. The three things I’m going to compare/contrast are population, food supply technology.
Human civilization evolved over a period of time. People’s life, behaviour and adoption have been changed from gathering and hunting to urbanization stage. In the beginning, people were depending on gathering and hunting then they reached the stage of cultivation of crops and this way agriculture began. At that time people did agriculture from bare hands, later on, plough developed. At that time, agriculture production is low because of lack of agricultural knowledge and technological inputs were also low which bind the whole family to work in agriculture fields. After 1750s industrial revolution began and it led to advances in agricultural technology that greatly increased food production, which allow other people to pursue other work. At that time horsepower came into use and machinery like steam engine used in the agricultural process. Tractors were used for ploughing. In 1701 Jethro Tull’s used drill ways of sowing seed in rows, in the place of broadcasting. The industrial revolution changed the whole pattern of agriculture. This phase is also known as agriculture revolution in the modern world. Technology is the main driving force for this
“The Middle Colonies enjoyed a successful and diverse economy. Largely agricultural, farms in this region grew numerous kinds of crops, most notably grains and oats. Logging, shipbuilding, textiles production, and papermaking were also important in the Middle Colonies” Due to this trading thrived which helped their economy outstanding. Since the other colonies had trouble farming due to the poor soil or very short farming season they look to trade with the Middle Colonies for farming goods.
The soil and fertility of the land was different than what they had experienced in their homeland and therefore they struggled to find ways in which to make and grow food for themselves. They came during a terrible winter when it was extremely difficult to find anything from the land they could eat. In William Bradford’s “Of Plymouth Plantation,” it demonstrates how new food affected the lives of the colonists such as “digging up, found in them divers fair Indian baskets filled with corn, and some in ears, fair and good, of divers colours, which seemed to them a very goodly sight having never seen any such before”(11). Finding and exploring new food to eat affected the colonist because they now had to adapt and change their diet to fit the products that they could now harvest in their new home. They had to learn how to plant these crops and how to help them grow and harvest them.
Shifting cultivation was a common way of agriculture. Settlers burned forests to grow plants and food in this area. They would move another area when soil didn't have nutrition. As a result of this, erosion caused everywhere and made empty fields. Also, wild animals lost their habitat because forests were disappearing and people created earthworks.
It provided plentiful food collected by the hunter-gatherers. The hunter-gatherers didn't only hunt the animals and gather the plants that were available here but also made good use of the abundant cereal grains that were plentiful in the region. This is the era when humans started farming and established the first permanent settlements. 2. What effect did storing grain have on hunter-gatherer societies?