Malcolm X and Nelson Mandela were such influential people whose societies helped mold them into who they became. Both Malcolm X and Mandela lived in societies that had a legal system of oppression on blacks. In the United States, the KKK was very prominent while Malcolm X was growing up. The Ku Klux Klan advocated for white supremacy and white nationalism and terrorized groups they opposed, such as blacks. Even before Malcolm was born, he and his family experienced oppression from the Klan.
Reconstruction in 1865 through 1877 was terminated by Southern men due to their lack of acceptance of African Americans in restricting their political rights, not following the North’s precedence of equality, and the assassination of many a men by their ever so popular Klan. Reformation began after the Civil War which was fought over sectional differences and heavy slavery in the South. Southerns had always been pro slavery which contributed to their low treatment of African Americans as a whole. Once the South lost the War they could no longer legally enslave African Americans, but that did not change their persona in the eyes of the rich white men. Equality was a concept for white men according to the South, especially considering that
People in the North believed that slavery was inherently evil and inhumane, but the South disagreed, believing that slaves were property and leaving all possible work on the plantations, up to them. This then led to the great Abolitionists Movement as many people started to view slavery as evil thanks to people such as Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, and Harriet Beecher Stowe. The next cause of the war was the new expansion throughout the U.S. This caused new states to have to choose between the Union and Confederacy, which only caused for hate and strive between the two. Another conflict was Bleeding Kansas.
They provoked many hostile responses. There were many mobs that occurred and even abolitionist editor Elijah Lovejoy died. Abolitionists’ actions consequently promoted a gag rule that banned anti-slavery petitions in the House of Representatives. Abolitionists made the South believe the North was against them due to the abolitionists’ actions and beliefs (Stewart, J. B., 1991). To the South, the abolitionists were stealing the Southerner’s private property.
The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1866 and protracted in almost every southern state by 1870. “They became a vehicle for white southern resistance to the republican parties reconstruction era policies that aimed at endowing political and economic equality for blacks.” (history.com “Jim Crow Law”) The Ku Klux Klan was a dangerous force in the United States because support of local law enforcement, intimidation and pride. Back in the day, Local Law Enforcement officials belonged to the Klan or declined to take against it, even those who arrested klan members found it difficult to find witnesses that were willing to argue against them.
The Klan was classified as one of the most hated groups in America because they forced Africacn-Americans and other minorities into fear. The “Ku Klux Klan “was founded in 1866 by a group of racist white men that met and formed a group. “The name was dervived from the Greek word “kylos”, meaning circle.
Reconstruction a Failure or Success? Throughout the years, America has gone through many different political changes. Many presidents selected with different plans for our future. Sadly, many of those objectives have failed or came to an end.
In the last decades of the nineteenth century, the lynching of the Black people in the Southern and border states became an institutionalized method used by whites to terrorize Blacks and maintain white supremacy. In the South, during the period 1880-1940, there was deep-seated and all-pervading hatred and fear of the Negro which led white mobs to turn to “lynch law” as a means of social control. Lynchings, which are open public murders of individuals suspected of crime conceived and carried out more or less spontaneously by a mob, seem to have been an American invention. In Lynch Law, the first scholarly investigation of lynching, which was written in 1905, author James E. Cutler stated that. “Lynching is a criminal practice which is peculiar to the United States.
After the tensions and the loss of the Confederate fight in the American Civil War, hardships were endured with immense animosity towards the black population and the reconstruction policies that were enforced by the Republican party. This shared extreme hate and hostility by white southern men led to the creation of the infamous group titled the Ku Klux Klan on June 9th, 1866, only a little over a year after the end of the civil war. The formation of the Ku Klux Klan induced pure hatred towards blacks in the beginning, but would later turn into an organization that opposed anti-Americanism, such as immigration, women 's rights, organized labor, and any religious order that didn’t pertain to that of protestantism. This was enhanced by the
Ku Klux Klan, the white supremacist group founded in 1866 after the Civil war, raised a terror against blacks and created a huge ‘circle’ that stood against blacks in government. They caused numerous terrorism, which targeted blacks and whites that defended or alignment with freedom of black; moreover, remembered as the most racist group of history. ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’ portrays the black community’s positive behavior towards white while they suffer from racism and abuse towards them. The novel stands on the weak and encourages changing the viewpoint towards the neglected class. The story of a white lawyer defending the black in court, states indirectly about what we are meant to think about the black community by Harper Lee.
He had service in the local government and state legislature then went on to be elected in Congress 4 times, was the governor of Georgia for two terms, was the U.S. commissioner to the Cherokee Indians, a U.S. senator, and a surveyor of Georgia’s boundaries.
As stated in the introduction, the most well-known hate crimes have been against people of the African-American community. The most successful terrorist group that have committed hate crimes against African- Americans in the United States has been the Ku Klux Klan. This group was created in 1865 in Pulaski, Tennessee and is still have many factions throughout the United States. The Southern Poverty Law Center estimated that the Ku Klux Klan has between 5,000 and 8,000 members nationwide.1 Their power has been on its ability to inspire racist ideology.