President Truman, let’s get started with the questions: What is your view on Marshall Aid? TRU: I believe that Marshall Aid is a very ambitious and generous offer from the US as Europe is in a state of decay and will gradually fall into chaos unless we step in to help. It is a very costly plan however we see the cost as necessary due to the predicted consequences of Europe falling to anarchy.
Americans initially favored neutrality, but events like the sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmermann telegram provoked the U.S. to join the war in support of the Allies (Shi and Tindall 754-757). Less obvious factors, such as nationalism, imperialism, and business opportunity, also contributed to the war. The war ended in 1918 after immense bloodshed, but President Wilson failed to get the Treaty of Versailles ratified by the Senate (Shi and Tindall 773). As a result of the war, Europe was significantly weakened, harsh punishments were imposed on Germany that later led to WWII, and America emerged with a strong economy as a dominant world power (Shi and Tindall
This implies that the loss didn’t only decrease their prophets however, the employees that worked there as well. These employees could have moved to the other parts of Germany to make money there nevertheless, they were forced to move in with the country taking over. This engendered lots of the citizens to be scared and feel unprotected. C. Furthermore, the number of military soldiers was also dropped. Document B mentions how the army members was reduced to only 100,000.
Republicans were against many policies5, they believe in ‘Laissez-faire’ and thought the Government has too much control over wages, working conditions and production targets, like Soviet Russia. The New Deal was perceived as a communist approach, because of agencies like the NIRA (National Industry Recovery Act) and The Social Security Act. Roosevelt was even compared to Stalin, a dictator. The Supreme Court6 was a panel of nine judges, who were old, conservative and republican. Their job was to decide if any measure of the New Deal did not agree with the American Constitution so it could be denied.
Even though Hoover wasn’t re-elected after 1933, his failed attempt at laissez-faire still affected the American people. An example of this is Roosevelt’s attempt at counteracting Hoover’s Rugged individualism. During Roosevelt’s campaign he promised a ‘New Deal’ for the American people, where, especially in comparison to Hoover’s: ‘laissev-faire’, the US government would be more involved with businesses and the country’s citizens. Summed up, the ‘New Deal’ was about doing everything to keep the country from disaster. Hoover’s run of ‘laissev-faire’ influenced the country politically for a good decade, through the introduction of the New Deal.
America felt that trades between them and allied nations were being taken advantage of, and they felt that they just needed to end the war. The longer the war went on the more American citizens were wanting to join the war, so people helped push America into the Great War. America would have stayed neutral in WW1 if Germany didn 't test them every point. They really tested the U.S. when they torpedoed the British Passenger ship the Lusitania, which broke international laws called Cruise Rules. Americans didn 't care about the law as much as the 128 Americans who
In the late 19th century, the leaders of European thought that creating a balance of power would prevent this occurrence. The real causes of World War I had to do with the formation of alliances, the large amount of money spent and colonization. Before World War I, alliances were made, which had divided the world’s countries. Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy were all united and had been allies to reach each other’s benefits (European Alliances, 1914 Map). “Germany worried about one day having to fight a war on two fronts or two different bodies” (European Alliances, 1914).
What ended one war, began another. The Treaty of Versailles was the main cause of World War II due to the restrictions it put on Germany. It limited their land, cut back their military, forced them to pay for damages, and brought a sense of guilt and embarrassment over all of the German population. In turn the Germans became angry and the result of that anger was what we call today, World War II, or The Great War. This war that lasted four long years with many casualties may have prevented if not for the Versailles
The post-World War I and World War II worlds created a new outlook on life. The peace in these post-war worlds was shaken by fear of communist takeovers. As well as the fear of how these rumored communist-or Bolsheviks- would affect American views on gender and family relations. The first Red Scare occurred after World War I. Many believed that communists were inciting rebellions in the form of labor unions in almost every state; focus shifted from the Red Scare when the need to focus on the war in Europe overpowered the supposed presence of a communist party.
This caused more soldiers to be killed in battle because they didn’t have the proper protection. The military abandoned drills so they were less experienced in the field. The military declined in men, and their strength decreased significantly. Another issue was that the Roman government failed to draft soldiers, which made the military count go plummeting down (Document 4). Many higher class people, such as senators, bureaucrats, and clergymen ovided the draft, and the military was weakened.
Whether intended or not, this led to another measure supported by Democrats and Republicans that addressed one of the crises of a depression. The implementation of a selective service act in 1940 before the U.S. had declared war on Japan and Germany would conscript many males into the military. This would reduce unemployment. The country was on the path to economic recovery (Document
(Doc 2) Still shaken by the events of World War II, where German leader Adolf Hitler invaded France and much of Europe for land power, de Gaulle was fearful that a Western European union with German leadership would undo the resolutions of the war. France, having been allied with Britain in the previous wars against Germany, wanted to renew this alliance in the form of a European Union under French and British leadership. However after the formation of the European Economic Community, an organization promoting economic integration among France, West Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg, 21 years later, Charles de Gaulle took a different stance on leadership in Europe. (Doc 8) Having been rejected by Britain in the earliest unification attempts, de Gaulle became supportive of a sans-Britain Community. De Gaulle’s view, removed from the immediacy of French-German conflict, started agreeing with the idea of a French and German led Community, united by similar economies and therefore similar interests.
The New Deal helped some Americans through the Great Depression, but it wasn’t until the U.S entered WWII against Japan and Germany that the economy finally escaped the the Great Depression. After Germany and Japan were defeated, the U.S.A and U.S.S.R (Russia) were the most powerful countries in the world (known as superpowers). The United States and the U.S.S.R fought allies through two worlds wars against Germany , but by the end of the Second War (1945) their relationships was falling apart. Conflicts arose in friendships. If one would argue that the origins of the Cold War should be traced to World War II and the breakdown of the wartime alliance between the U.S. and the Soviet Union.
Should the U.S.A have Entered WWI Should the United States have entered World War I? I believe that the United States made the right choice to enter World War I. It may have cost us 100,000+ casualties, but we are the other countries allies and we didn 't want to lose trading partners. So we helped Britain, France, Russia, and Italy. Although reluctantly at first, America was drawn into the European war.
After Franklin D. Roosevelt got through the Great Depression, more problems came. World War II came unsuspected. By 1939, with the outbreak of war in Europe, Roosevelt was concentrating increasingly on foreign affairs. New Deal reform legislation diminished, and the ills of the Depression would not fully abate until the nation mobilized for war. When Hitler attacked Poland in September 1939, Roosevelt stated that, although the nation was neutral, he did not expect America to remain inactive in the face of Nazi aggression.