The Ming and Qing dynasties were two of many dynasties in China. They were also in fact, the last two dynasties. The Ming dynasty ruled from 1368-1644, and the Qing empire ruled from 1644-1912. Both dynasties had long lasting eras of power because of strong framework from influential leaders. The Ming dynasty had Zhu Yuanzhang who was a successful war leader.
The Yuan Dynasty under the Mongol empire has an extensive amount of public works as they built granaries to protect the dynasty from famine, and created large road and water networks. These public works allowed for the people to have large surplus of food and water and also be able to travel in a more organized manner with the road system created (New World Encyclopedia, Country Studies). Everyone in the Yuan dynasty had access to these public works as they were used to the economy and to keep everyone fed. While having these very useful public works the Yuan dynasty also had lots of techniques using technology for warfare and engineering. While using new warfare technology from the Chinese the Yuan were able to create a strategy to take down fortification by studying the way forts were made.
Different periods throughout China’s history have different names, known as dynasties, for the diverse positions within its society. Theoretically, all of the periods are similar, with the government and military officials ranking high in the hierarchy, and the average everyday people being under regular Chinese law. Throughout China’s history, the society has been organized into a hierarchic system of socio-economic classes, known as the four occupations. The four occupations system seems to have become distorted after the commercialization of Chinese culture during the Song Dynasty. Even though the social rankings within the country are not as predominant as they once were, the people living within the country still know their “place” within the society.
In ancient China, each dynasty had contributed to building a wall to protect the borders. In the Qin dynasty, they built a 1,500-2500 miles long, part of the wall. This took from 221-206 BCE. Also, the Han dynasty had built a 4,000 mile long part of the wall. Which took from 206 BCE -220 CE (400 years).
Although the Great Wall was built for protection, it did not do it’s job too well. The Xiongnu and Mongols from the north were able to build tall ladders, group together, and charge over a small section of the wall (Cope 163). However despite that fact, the Great Wall was still an important part of the Chinese because the Chinese Emperor was able to think of a method of a series of signal towers, which alerted from far away to the Chinese that a attack was coming and so they they were ready for it (Waldron 63). By having a pile of flammable black smoke powder, on each tower on the Great Wall, the Chinese Emperor was able to deceive an important strategy to make the Great Wall extremely useful (Waldron 64). When signs of a attack was coming,
In 246 BCE Prince Zheng ascended to the Qin throne and lead the dynasty to vanquish all enemies and unite China under one ruler, himself, "The First Emperor," for the first time in history. It's debatable whether Emperor Zheng was one of the greats, but he wanted to be as he expressed good morals according to Confucian standards by climbing up five mountains, also known as his, "expeditions." At every mountaintop, Zheng carved his accomplishments on stone and left it there for the world to see. This act supported not only his dynasty, but the Confucianism teachings which believed the role of all great rulers was to lead their subjects in ritual. Heacily influenced by legalist teachings, Emperor Zheng also demonstrated more control over his subjects than previous
The Great Wall:Did the benefits outweigh the costs? “The great wall is also known as the longest graveyard. ”Emperor Qin had believed China needed more protection so he built a great wall,which was finished being built by several dynasty’s to pass. Despite the losses of the workers lives the great wall benefited China by providing protection,glorifying China, and helped the trading system.
The Shang Dynasty replaced the Xia Dynasty, around the sixteenth century B.C.E. Their agricultural society ruled by an aristocratic class whose major occupation was war and control over key resources like metals and salt. The Shang king divided his kingdom into a number of territories that were governed by noble military men and order large armies that often fought along the perimeter of the kingdom.
1. Describe the key factors in the Sui-Tang era that made for the restoration of a strong, unified Chinese empire after centuries of turmoil? The restoration of a strong, unified Chinese empire after centuries of turmoil was made possible through the reestablishment of a centralized empire, the revival of Confucian ideas and the enhancement of the scholar-gentry administrators. The creation of a bureaucracy allowed for control from the imperial palace all the down to district level.
The Qin dynasty succeeded the Warring States Period (475 BCE - 221) (Britannica, Warring States, 2014, 2018), and the Spring and Autumn Period (770–476 BC) (Britannica, Spring and Autumn Period, 2017, 2018). During the Warring States and Spring and Autumn Periods, there was a massive power vacuum and several different states were locked in a struggle for control over China. The most prominent state during the Warring States Period was the Qin state, they revised the governing methods of the once influential state of Zhou. They made changes to land distribution, power distribution, education of the common folk, trade, and units of measurement throughout China. The changes made by Qin Shi Huang are what made him successfully unify China.
Kangxi and Louix XIV were two outstanding rulers in the seventeenth century. They were both powerful to reign their dynasty by increasing military and economic power. In this essay, I will take about the similarities and differences of these two rulers and who is the greater to influence the world history. Both of them were applied “Absolutism” of Monarchy domination. They insist on belief to control the nation in political, economic and military ways.
4. External Pressures on the late Ming, Early Qing: Mongols and Manchus: This was an issue because the pressure of the Mongols and the invasion by the Manchus led to the end of the Ming Empire. The late Ming Empire was under pressure in the North from the Manchus and the Mongols. In the late 1500s, large numbers of Mongols were unified by their devotion to the Dalai Lama. A military leader named Galdan restored Mongolia as a military power around 1600.
All empires in history had a high in their history but they all eventually came to their demise. The Ottoman Empire and the Ming Dynasty both had ways they gained, consolidated and maintained their power while they were at their highest point. They had significant leaders that lead to these successful points. The Ottoman Empire covered parts of Asia, Europe and Africa controlled by their leader named Suleiman.