The Mongomery Bus Boycott, which took place on December 5, 1956 and lasted until December 20, 1956. What this exactly was is when African Americans refused to ride city buses in Montgomery, Alabama, to protest segregated seating. The most prominant name of this time that made the boycott what it is today is Rosa Parks. On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, an African-American woman, refused to give up her seat to a white man while on a Montgomery bus. Thus, resulting in her getting arrested and fined.
After the 13th, 14th, 15th amendment a few things changed for them. On December 1 1995a black lady had refused to give up her seat to a white men, therefore she was arrested. On a bus all blacks were supposed to sit in the back and whites on the front. After that problem Ralph Abernathy and Martin Luther King Jr. had started a non-violent boycott on busses. The non-violent boycott lead to bus companies desegregating their buses.
As soon as the news of Dr. King 's assassination had been released, supports distraught and angered called for riotous repercussions. Groups of activist gathered all of the United States; anywhere from Texas to Boston To Mississippi to North Carolina to Washington D.C. A few dozen students gathered outside the Student nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) offices on 14th Street NW Washington D.C. This is where the former chairman of SNCC, Stokely Carmichael, suddenly appeared and started preaching to the protesters, "When Kennedy died, all these stores closed...Martin Luther King is our leader and we are going to show him some respect.". (quoted in De Angelis) Then led a group of people up 14th street, stopping from store to store demanding the owners to close shop. A group of about thirty young people burst into a drug store.
The Civil RIghts Movement The civil rights movement was an era of change for all African americans from the 60’s through 50’s laws were passed that made African american people equal in the midst of it all people put their differences aside for a clear brighter future. Bus Boycott In 1955 a woman named Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white man she was instantly arrested and taken to jail this was called the spark of the civil right movement. After her arrest a boycott started up African american leaders supported the boycott and it got so big that officially on june 5 1956, a montgomery court ruled that any law requiring racially segregated violated the 14th amendment to the u.s. Busses were segregated on December 21 1956,
In time, the NAACP decided that it was time to take a stand and help drop the charges against Ms. Parks, which were seen as unlawful. In order to get the message across, the Montgomery Bus Boycott was organized and put into action for a total of 13 months. However, this was anything other than a peaceful protest. White citizens reacted with violence and hatred.
Bus seat and civil rights Rosa Park and her bus seat have made a huge effect on eliminating the segregation in the united state. Park was born on February 4, 1913, Tuskegee Alabama. She became a civil right activist because she refused to change he seat to a white passenger. As a result of that she contributed to ending the racial segregation. At that time, the bus drivers had the power of a police officer and the public transportation was segregated therefore the white people have the highest priority not only in transportation but also in education.
The Los Angeles riots began on April 29, 1992. The riots started because four white police officers beat Rodney King, an African American. Rodney had been pulled over by police after an eight-mile chase and then refused to get to the ground. A man had videotaped the scene and it was broadcasted in the United States (Wallenfeldt). Jeff Wallenfeldt, the author of the article published on Britannica, wrote, “Although many Angelenos in the late 20th century prided themselves on their city’s ethnic diversity, there was a strong feeling on Los Angeles’s minority communities that the city’s predominantly white police force practiced racial profiling and engaged in racist brutality against African Americans and Hispanics” (Wallenfeldt).
The Freedom Rides was a series of bus rides to the Deep South to protest against segregation laws. They believed that they should test the Supreme Court ruling of Boynton v. Virginia and Irene Morgan v. Commonwealth of Virginia. These declared segregation in interstate bus and rail stations unconstitutional. The South ignored these laws, and the federal government did nothing to stop them. The first ride took place on May 4, 1961.
1) attacked civil rights protestors using “clubs, cattle prods, and tear gas) (Scott, 2014, para. 1). The protest was a particularly peaceful protest, where civil rights protesters “the marchers had planned to walk the 50 miles to Montgomery, the state capital, as part of a long-building protest against the denial of basic voting rights to Southern blacks” (Scott, 2014, para. 1). Tupac Shakur’s lyrics in “Changes” supports the happenings from Selma when he says “Cops give a damn about a negro?
The boycott was the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S. that started four days after the arrest of Rosa Parks and lasted until U.S. Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus system. This victory also helped to propel Martin Luther King Jr to the forefront of the movement. The third significant victory came with the Voter’s Right Act. Signed into law on August 6th, 1965, this act sought to ban the tactics used by Southern voter registration boards. These discriminatory practices included used poll taxes, literacy tests, and other barriers to deny African Americans their legal rights.
In 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. helped to launch a series of nonviolent demonstrations in Alabama. They were met with strong opposition lead by Commissioner Eugene “Bull” Conner. He led a brutal effort to break up the marches using attack dogs, tear gas, cattle prods, and fire hoses sometimes against children. This was in full view of television cameras. A few months later George Wallace attempted to prevent enrollment of black students at the University of Alabama.
“....She was charged with ‘refusing to obey orders of bus driver.’.... Her arrest became a rallying point around which the African American community organized a bus boycott in protest of the discrimination they had endured for years…. For a quiet act of defiance that resonated throughout the world, Rosa Parks is known and revered as the ‘Mother of the Civil Rights Movement.’” (“An Act of Courage”). Another event that took place to change society was “The Greensboro Sit-Ins.” Four black men, known as the “Greensboro Four,” got the idea for a sit-in from the fight for racial equality, and they “...had also been spurred to action by the brutal murder in 1955 of a young black boy, Emmett Till…” (“The Greensboro Sit-Ins”). Even though the four men were not given service, the men did not give up their seats.