How the Neolithic Revolution Shaped History The Neolithic revolution was a very important event in history because the change from hunting and gathering, to farming and domesticating animals, allowed early humans to have specialization, develop surpluses, and construct permanent settlements. Without the need of gathering food all day, early humans could work on other things, such as government, organized religion, writing, arts, jobs, and architecture. These things are the basic characteristics of nearly every ancient, or modern civilization. Also, food surpluses were developed because farming and domestication were better ways of acquiring food. The Neolithic revolution was a very important event in history because it allowed specialization to occur.
Due to fertile soil, natural rivers, and location near the equator, farming crops was always an option for any early civilization because of the Neolithic Revolution. Along with the farming of crops, early civilizations were able to domesticate animals. With the domesticated animals, it provided an additional stable food source for the civilization, which did not rely as much on the soil and temperature like with farming crops. In addition, the Neolithic Revolution allowed for the specialization of labor. For example, if someone was better at farming crops, they would be able to spend most of their time farming crops; others who were better with farming animals would also be able to
Most of Europe had already become industrialized. Britain’s industrial revolution had started in the eighteenth century and France had started industrializing in the 1800s, for example. Industrializing gave these countries an advantage over Russia because they could produce better farming equipment with their steel and had more things to sell and trade. One of the reasons that Russia wasn’t able to industrialize at that time is that in order to have a healthy working class population, a country needs to have a stable agriculture that feed everyone. However, Russia had many great famines and the weather also undoubtedly made it difficult to farm.
One way Native American civilizations adapted to where the settled was by changing their way of getting food by going through the Agricultural Revolution. This was a period when many people went from hunting and gathering by moving around and going wherever their sources of food, animals, went to planting/raising crops so that they were in villages (one place at a time). Many built areas, like the Olmec who made the first big city Teotihucán, and structures, like the Maya and Toltec who built pyramids which led to the ideas of other places. The Aztec defeated cities around them by the power of their militaries and their ceremonies—this led to the Aztec ruling an abundance of people. Some groups built structures that would help them receive more of resources, like the Hohokam, who constructed irrigation canals so they could get water from the Salt and Gila Rivers for their plants and crops.
The Aztecs seemed to be very modernized and clever when it came to living. The Aztecs created ideas and inventions to make living better. While all of this was happening they still managed to be very religious. Some people might think their religion made them a bit evil but the Aztecs had their reasons. When it came to farming they figured out ways to get more food.
The Industial Revolution took course through the 19th century.This Revolution brought with it many new inventions that moved the manufacturing of products out of the homes and the shops and into factories. The Revolution also brought with it advances in transportation, such as the steam engine. However, it also brought with it pollution, poor working environments and conditions, and capitalists began to employ women and young children, making them work long hard hours. This Revolution will change the working class throughout the
After the crusades, Medieval Europe reached a major turning point. Not only were there new ideas and technological improvements all around, but a revolution in commerce and trade lead to a lessening of feudalism and the growth of towns. Before this turning point, many people were serfs, people who went unpaid and worked hard every day, and where everything they owned was not theirs, but their lord’s. After this major turning point, however, improvements in agriculture meant that people were able to grow more food than they needed, and people were able to trade their surplus of food for goods they needed. This growth in trade consequently led to a growth in towns, a place where people could live and buy/trade goods.
The Neolithic Revolution’s innovations were characterized by what is considered civilization. Before this time period people moved around a lot or were nomadic because they were always in search of food. This changed during the Neolithic Revolution because people were able to stay in one place because people started to domesticate animals, cultivate their own crops, and irrigation system were developed which made it possible to move water into the fields from a water source. During this time period other simple technologies were created such as tools made of metal, calendars and even plows. All of these new inventions made it possible for people to settle down and form a society.
With more technology in tools that led to many innovations in water transportation. The new tools such as axes could be made to deepen a tree truck made into a simple canoe. Throughout most of the Neolithic time period, the sedentary agricultural lifestyle existed throughout all of the globe but there were some occasions where the nomadic lifestyle was the benefit of the doubt. If there was an absence of a horse or donkey, the nomadic hunting would become a main alterative to the people. The domestication of animals also influenced the nomadic living people.
A similarity between the two ages is that they both were able to start and use fire. Because they had fire, they could cook animal protein and get rid of diseases on food. A difference between the two ages is that Neolithic people used blades and also started to use different metals. They started using metal because it was more durable and better than animal bones and other weaker materials. This category relates to arts and sciences in PERSIAN because there was a significant change in science between these two periods.
Agriculture Overtime Throughout time, the world has changed very dramatically. The end of the Ice Age sparked the dawn of agriculture, all over the world. Due to a more stable climate agriculture began to thrive and the hunter-gatherer lifestyle was made possible. Over the span of thousands of years, there was a change from this hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a more agrarian based lifestyle. This Neolithic Revolution was needed for the progression of human life.