Mesopotamia and Egypt civilization are two of the oldest civilization in the world. Comparing those two civilizations, there are many similarities and differences from each aspect of their culture. Firstly, both of them spread their civilization along the river, Mesopotamian civilizations expanded from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers and Egypt spread from the Nile River. Secondly, both of two regions had their own writing script, Mesopotamian developed cuneiform script and Egypt developed hieroglyphic script. Furthermore, the nomadic people in those two regions caused lots of rebellions.
After the unification of Egypt the civilization became and empire in 3100 BCE and between then and 2700 BCE was time period known and the early dynastic period. The early dynastic period there was the emergence of two separate dynasties. Later emerged the Old Kingdom which lasted until 2200 BCE this era is famous for the beginning of pyramid building. The most famous pyramid was the Pyramid of Gyza which was built Khufu established the basic framework for many pyramids to come. The Kemet civilization was depended upon the flood seasons for their irrigation system.
THE RISE OF AJURAN EMPIRE. Somalia is a country located in the Horn of Africa. During the ancient time, Somalia is one of the most important centre for commerce with the rest of ancient world such as Egypt, Roman and British. This is because according to Charnan Simon , Somalia is the most probable location of the fabled ancient of Land of Punt. Besides, Somalia is also known for its beautiful history in several of powerful empire that dominated the regional trade.
This phenomena is significant to Herodotus as it provided him with insight into the relationship between the Egyptians and the Nile and helped him better understand the God Hapy. The Famine Stele text responds to the question of finding out ‘where the inundation is born, and what God resides at the source of the flood season that will join with the Pharaoh’ (as quoted on paragraph 3 line 1 and 2 of the famine stele). This topic is significant to the Egyptians as they rely on the Nile to bring wealth to their people in the form of crops and fertile land which they need to survive. They also relied on the inundation to bring in the New Year as it was the first season of the New Year. The inundation would be significant to Herodotus as
The Songhai took over the Mali Empire after it fell. The empire also took over the trade too. Songhai controlled trade and politics from about 1464 to 1700. It launched forward by the Sorko people, masters of boating and fishing along the Niger River. The Sorko not only dominated the river regarding trade but also, regarding military power.
One economic similarity that these civilizations have is trade. In Mesopotamia they used the Tigris and Euphrates river to trade with neighboring civilizations. In Egypt they used the Nile river to trade with other civilizations. In India they used the Indus and the Ganges river to trade. They traded things that they had a lot of and in return they got things that they didn 't have, Another similarity these civilizations had was that they all had a writing system.
The origin and rise of Carthage According to Morey (1901), Carthage was a colony of Tyre which later became the capital of a great commercial empire on the northern coast of Africa. It rapid growth especially in trade paved the way for it to become a powerful empire founded on trade and commerce. As Carthage became the dominant power over the native races of Africa, which were the Lydians and the Numidians, she eventually forced many of them into slavery and continued her growth. With it trading power backed by slave labor and military power, Carthage could easily expand her empire into the North Africa region and the Iberian Peninsula. This expansion exposed Carthage to contact with other great powers including Greece and Rome.
Today every person has a different understanding of civilization. Childe a scientist believed that civilization could only be distinguished by comparing to other forms of society by their types of livelihood, literacy system, technology and economic systems. Egypt is a country located in North Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea. It is among the oldest civilizations on the earth. The name Egypt was taken from the Greek Aegyptos , it is the Greek pronunciation (Egyptian name) ‘Hwt- ka- Ptah’ meaning house of the spirit of Ptah, who was the early god of the ancient
Not only did the ancient Egyptians benefit from the Nile, but the Ottoman Empire also did. To clarify, Egypt was controlled by the Ottoman Empire, so when Mohammed Ali Bash was the dynast of Egypt, he used to grow cotton. Therefore, the Egyptian economic was recovered, and he was able to modernize Egypt, which helped him to accomplish some major projects which funding Egypt till now, like the Suez Canal. Thus,
The River Valley Civilizations of Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, The Indus Valley, and China shared a lot of similar geographic qualities. One quality that they shared geographically is that they all have an important and major river going through them which supplies the people with water. In Egypt they have the Nile, in Mesopotamia they have the Euphrates and Tigris, the Indus Valley has the Ganges River and China has the Yellow River. With that said, they all have access to a major body of water that could be used for transportation or for trading goods. Additionally, each civilization has mountains, some more than other, but they all have them and they can be used to protection if under attack.