Many crucial events that took place before 1450 shaped the world today. One of these crucial events is the Crusades, which took place from 1095 to 1291. Prior to this event, the Byzantine Empire experienced defeat from the Seljuk Turks who belonged to the Muslim dynasty. The Byzantine Emperor communicated with the Christians and called out for help to protect their Empire from the Turks. Pope Urban II responded to this call, by initiating war against the Turks in an attempt to reclaim the Holy Land.
Bocskai has found many adherents in the upper Hungary. In the years 1604-05 he led against the Habsburgs the Hungarian liberation struggle. Imperial troops were forced to withdraw, which enabled the Turks to be re-conquered some Important positions. Finally, the Bocskai subordinated to the Grand
This crusade was declared by Pope Eugenius III in 1147 after it became apparent the crusader states were still under threat of Muslim invasion. The Second crusade was led by King Conrad III of Germany and King Louis VII of France. (Source 5)The kings planned to march into Anatolia to push back the Turkish armies and provide reinforcements for the crusader states and once again solidifying the presences of Christianity in the Middle East however this would be difficult due to many knights having died during the first crusade. Both kings were eventually defeated by the Turks and called off the crusade in 1149 without making any significant achievements during their time crusading (Source 7). The second crusade was uneventful compared to other crusades and is considered a failure due to the lack of communication between King Conrad and King Louis, the defeat effected Europe in that it damaged their economy, many soldiers died on the journey and the crusade created internal turmoil.
Large areas of both Austria-Hungary and Serbia were home to differing nationalist groups, all of whom wanted freedom from the states in which they lived. War was narrowly avoided by a conference which allowed France to retain possession of Morocco. However, in 1911, the Germans were again protesting against French possession of Morocco. Austria-Hungary took over the former Turkish province of Bosnia. This angered Serbians who felt the province should be theirs.
Ottoman Empire Summary The Ottoman Empire had been around for hundreds of years. However it began to weaken. The weakness was from the Ottomans struggle to modernize.
Introduction: Provide background information on the Crusades, restate the DBQ question, state thesis with reasons. (include academic vocabulary and underline) The results of the Crusades was probably more negative than positive. In “Doc 4”, It states that “Moreover, the assault of one Christian people on another, when one of the goals of the Fourth Crusade was reunion of Greek and Latin churches, made the split between the Greek and Latin churches permanent.” The Crusades had a lot of hatred to the religions, and by 1204 the Crusaders had lost some of their appeal because the knights agreed to attack the Byzantine Capital instead.
Whether known as Charlemagne, Charles the Great, Charles I, or even Carolus Magnus, there is no denying the extent of the first Holy Roman Emperor’s power, influence, and legacy on the former Western Roman Empire. Initially disparaged as an illegitimate claimant to power by the Byzantine court, during his reign, he would go on to reform the vast majority of Western Europe; eventually leading them out of an era marked by warfare, and a near abandonment of cultural achievements and emphasis on education. Despite Charlemagne’s illiteracy, he learned to speak both Latin and Greek, in addition to his native Old High German. Accompanying his proficiency for languages, he was an aficionado of rhetoric, religion, academics, culture, and both the
1. What were the differences between the reign of Paul I and the reign of Alexander I? Paul I receded from the coalition who were fighting Napoleon and this may be one of the starkest differences between Paul I and Alexander I as Alexander I reenlisted Russia into the efforts being made to fight Napoleon when he became czar. Additionally, Paul I ruled more like his father than his mother, Catherine, however, Alexander I determined and announced to rule like Catherine.
He was also well known for judicial reforms, such as the Codex Justinianus, a single text that combined legal notes, commentaries, and laws of the Roman legal system. Though he was not active in fighting, Justinian did lead military conquests, beginning in the east. The Iberian War was fought between the Byzantines and the Sassanian Empire over control of the kingdom Iberia. Once the war concluded in 532, Justinian the turned his attention to the western Mediterranean, where for the following twenty years, his armies, led by the general Belisarius, regained what was once the territory of the western Roman Empire. Many of the people were unhappy with the Codex Justinianus and started a rebellion called the Nika Riot.
Under these rulers the Ottoman Empire aquired the Byzantine Empire, Bulgaria, and Serbia. Bursa fell to the Ottomans in 1326 and Adrianople fell in 1361; each became the capital of the empire. The Ottoman victories at Kosovo in 1389 and Nikopol in 1396 placed large parts of the Balkan Peninsula under Ottoman rule and proved that the Ottomans were a dangerous force to the other European states. The Ottoman 's conquering of Constantinople was ended once Timur took the city in 1402. Timur 's control over Constantinople was short lived when the Ottomans took it
The Crusades were a series of religious wars fought from 1095 to 1487. The first of the crusades began in 1095 when the Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, Alexios I, sent someone to request Pope Urban II to assist them with military support against the Turks. Pope Urban II quickly asked Catholic soldiers to join the first crusade. The first goal was to give the pilgrims access to areas in the Holy Land that Muslims were controlling. A more long-term goal would be to have the Eastern and Western parts of Christendom reunite.
Because of the incidents and invasions between these countries before the year 1939, I believe WWII started before a declaration of war was even signed. In 1923, there was an incident between Bolivia and Paraguay over who was going to control the northern part of the Gran Chaco region of South America. It was the bloodiest military conflict that was battled during the 20th century, and it was awful for each country because both were poor and had lost land in previous wars. The region was thought to be rich in oil because some oil was found in the foothills of the Andes.
All empires in history had a high in their history but they all eventually came to their demise. The Ottoman Empire and the Ming Dynasty both had ways they gained, consolidated and maintained their power while they were at their highest point. They had significant leaders that lead to these successful points. The Ottoman Empire covered parts of Asia, Europe and Africa controlled by their leader named Suleiman.
The Ottoman Empire was a very simple, but productive empire to be a part of back in the 1400s. Their religious tolerance was very productive into growing their empire while making money and building up their army. For example, if you were Muslim, and in the army, you didn’t have to pay taxes, but if you weren’t Muslim, you paid taxes and couldn’t be in the army, which made people feel safe while still keeping their home. The Ottoman Empire’s cultural blending came by capturing the cities of Mecca and Medina which were the Holiest cities, also they captured Cairo for a learning center.