Thank you Aunt Bessie for giving me the opportunity to learn about the progressive era and letting me give your money to the three reforms I chose. I was very intrigued when I started researching about these four progressive reforms. Some things I found out were atrocious and the others just plain out disgusting. Although women 's suffrage is a huge issue, deforestation, child labor, and food safety struck me the most deserving. The progressive era was a time from about 1900 to 1920.
Roosevelt passed Acts like The Sherman Anti-trust Act, and repeatedly went after the large companies that controlled too many products. (“The Trust Buster”). Breaking up the big monopolies was important to help improve the jobs of the lower and middle classes. Other notable accomplishments during his presidency were sparking the negotiations to build the Panama Canal and the hundreds of things he did for the National Park System. (“Theodore Roosevelt”).
The “Progressive Movement was an early-20th century reform movement seeking to return control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunity, and to correct injustices in American life.” (Danzer R54). The Progressive Era marked the end of the “Gilded Ages” and a start of a new era. The Progressive Era started in 1901 in the United States (Fagnilli 26). There were many major reforms in the Progressive Era that altered and advanced American society.
In September of 1901 President William McKinley was assassinated and Theodore Roosevelt became president. President Roosevelt invoked the Sherman Antitrust Act, which went against the Northern Securities Company, which was a railroad company, and the Supreme Court ordered the company to dissolve. Many of his actions showed his independence from big business. Roosevelt was reelected on the “square deal”. Many of the Progressive reforms came from the Populist program, but populism failed because it was a rural protest.
Roosevelt was re-elected president of the United States (first time elected) in 1904 partly to break up trusts and monopolies. The public was outraged for decades by the ways trusts and monopolies were cheating in business. Roosevelt felt that the US government was responsible for the falls of many legitimate businesses, because they failed to prosecute trusts and monopolies (Roosevelt 222). As president, Roosevelt pledged to protect small businesses and sue monopolies and trusts by implementing the Sherman Antitrust Act to restore honest commerce and labor conditions. Railroad discrimination continued to exist when Roosevelt came into the presidency after President Mckinley’s assassination.
The progressive era had a huge impact on today's society, Womens suffrage was the most biggest problem we had. Women should earn the same respect that men have. They should earn the same wages as the me have. Once people starting noticing that and started realizing that women are not that much different and that there still human being too
Theodore Roosevelt was first affiliated with the Republican party but in some areas was clearly progressive or Democratic. Roosevelt’s platform, the Square Deal, promised government intervention to those who needed it and he sought through to it. He was the first president to take the side of the labor worker during a dispute between employee and employer. Roosevelt also became known as a trustbuster even though the amount of trust he busted paled in comparison to the amount Woodrow Wilson busted. The FDA was also created during Roosevelt’s presidency as the first regulation of the food industry in U.S. history.
Another thing he did was the Pure Food and Drug Act and this act was to restrict foods so that businesses had to tell the truth about what was in their food with a ingredients label (which still exist today). This act would be another act tied in with economic reform, because this act reformed businesses to where they have to be more honest about their food with telling the customers exactly what is in them. But this act along with the Meat Inspection Act would also be social welfare, because it is trying to make food more sanitary for the people to eat and make people more healthy. Furthermore Roosevelt was named a Trust Buster for breaking up a lot of trusts. The first trust he broke up was the Northern Cooperation which was a railroad.
The Progressive Era, from 1890- 1920 was an influential time in American history. There was political reform in an effort to bring about social justice, but it was also a time when big businesses thrived. However, in the past their prominence and power went unchecked, now liberal radicals started fighting for justice, making the government control the corporations before they destroyed the country. With big businesses growing at a quick pace, they needed more management, known as middle management, to control it. Alfred Chandler, a business professor, specifically a economist, analyzes this in chapter eight, “Mass Production” from his book, The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business.
Other presidents were also able to establish antitrust reforms. President Woodrow Wilson established the Federal Trade Commission Act, aimed to prevent monopoly, and the Clayton Antitrust Bill. As Document E illustrates, the Clayton Antitrust Bill claims it unlawful to "lessen competition” or “tend to create a monopoly in any line of commerce". Although Presidents Roosevelt and Wilson established reforms to stop monopoly, they still had many holes in their trust-busting campaign which severely limited the full effects of
The Progressive Era from the 1890s to 1920s was a period that experienced extensive social activism and political reforms across the United States. This movement was spurred by the heightened level of corruption and injustice of large corporations and in government at that time. The movement primarily comprised of “liberals who wanted to reform and regulate their capitalist society and not destroy it. " There were several pushes to make the political process more open and transparent. One of which was the adaptation of the direct primary elections and to grant the Presidents more powers to regulate new laws.
Roosevelt fought on the side of the people, seen in his challenge of the Northern Securities Company in 1902, in which the Supreme Court ruled in his favor and dissolved the corrupt railroad trust company. Similarly, he helped the citizens of the nation with his passing of the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906, which ensured that corporations could no longer flagrantly poison their consumers. Additionally, Woodrow Wilson’s New Freedom program, which advocated for stronger antitrust legislation, banking
Roosevelt changed the national economy, and the government’s role in the economy in colossal ways. He made it so that the federal government in America had a vastly greater control over the economy than in previous years. This is
While in his presidency, Theodore Roosevelt experienced moderate success in his role as an economic regulator of big business. In some cases, Teddy Roosevelt showed his ability to bust trusts. Trusts were a monopoly on goods or services, usually managed by a large overarching corporation. Trusts were illegal under the Anti-Sherman Trust Act of 1890. Unenforced, the act rarely was useful or used to eliminate trusts in the American economy.