He and his men were also not the only people who wanted to separate. Commoners of England also wanted to reform. They did not like some catholic policies as well, they did not feel like people could pay to have their sins removed, and they felt the church was no longer teaching what God wanted. King Henry’s separation from the Catholic church was the start of the Protestant Reformation, where he forced people to convert to the Protestant religion by punishing them with jail, or even death if they resisted. (“The Book of Common
During the 16th century in Europe, The Protestant Reformation caused people to almost completely reject the previous traditions of Catholic art. They even occasionally destroyed what they could reach of it. A new artistic tradition came along. This moved away significantly from the Southern European tradition (as well as the humanist art during the High Renaissance). But, the Catholic Counter Reformation reacted poorly to Protestant criticism of the art in Roman Catholicism to produce a style of Catholic art.
During the fifteenth century the Catholic Church was in control of everything and believed that law was the way to keep order. Then, a reformer named Martin Luther came amidst. Although Martin Luther disagreed with the practice of indulgences, distrust in different powers through religions, and salvation through good works, he took action and wrote his 95 theses, affecting people politically, socially, and economically, all of which led to a reformation of the Catholic Church and new faith. In 1517, many citizens of Germany had many political views about Luther. Despite Luther facing protests and riots against his beliefs, he was able to give people a different vision of faith.
Bradford’s religious Puritan views were very important to him and he wanted to make sure the people of New England would have a Puritan church so that they could practice their religion without interference from England because in England they were forced to be part of the Church of England. People such as Thomas Morton did not fancy to William Bradford. Morton’s Anglican ways, his dancing, drinking, and building of the Maypole made Bradford
While the Pilgrims thought it was too strict and wanted to let loose of some of things they felt was not necessary as a Christian. So they both sought out of England in search of a new Life and new beginning. As for both groups originally coming from England were similar in ways of getting away from King James. Both group agreed on the way Kings James treated them and they very much dislike his wicked treatment. Both of their journeys had a great cause of the separation from England.
While Calvin was preparing for a career as a priest, he became influenced by humanistic learning. Leaving the clergy career, Calvin trained to become a humanist lawyer. John Calvin then experienced a sudden conversion causing him to break away from the Roman Catholic Church, and flee to Switzerland. “In 1536, he published the landmark text Institutes of the Christian Religion, an early attempt to standardize the theories of Protestantism.” John Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion is said to have become “the single most important statement of Protestant belief.” Much like Martin Luther, Calvin believed that salvation was not received by indulgences or good works but through faith in Jesus Christ. John Calvin also emphasized the sovereignty of the scriptures and taught about predestination.
In a nutshell: The 3 R’s: Reformation, Royalty & Renaissance The first R: The Reformation The reformation of the Christian Church had a huge effect on history, causing a major schism and centuries of sectarian violence. In England and other countries many were to die for being the wrong religion. In the early 1500s in mainland Europe, a huge religious upheaval started in reaction to Roman Catholicism, the existing Christian church. Martin Luther, and many others wanted reform – hence the term Reformation. They sought a simpler kind of Christian worship, with the emphasis on the individual’s own conscience and direct relationship with God, without the intervention of the Virgin Mary and all the saints, never mind about the control of priests, cardinals and the Pope, who were seen as being too powerful, too wealthy and too corrupt.
This secession inspired other reformers like Ulrich Zwingli, John Calvin and Henry VIII. There were many disagreements and beliefs which caused tensions between protestant sects and the Catholic Church and these were displayed by the wars of religion (http://ca.anwers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20110212173046AA5DhKR). Luther began by criticizing the selling of indulgences, the Pope had no authority over purgatory and that the Catholic doctrine of the merits of the saints had no foundation in the gospel. The Protestant position came to incorporate doctrinal changes such as Five Solae
The Church in that time period was overrun with corruption and avarice, leading it to sacrifice its spiritual integrity for money. Plenary indulgences were being sold in order to pay for the luxuries desired by the clergy, the very men who had taken upon themselves vows of poverty in the service of God. Martin Luther sought a reform of the Catholic Church, and desired to bring it back to its original truths and teachings, but instead founded his own church, opening the door to the establishment of numerous denominations. Of these, Calvinism, centered mostly in France and the Low Countries, became increasingly popular. Calvinism adopted the Catholic Church’s opinions regarding the dignity of human labor.
In addition, Protestantism helped a lot during this movement because its belief is that God saved everyone by His faith to Jesus Christ, himself. Martin Luther was strict about these rules of the Protestant Reformation. He felt that people should confess their sins, and depending on how bad the sin is, he thinks that God should judge it. Simultaneously, he didn’t believe that “indulgences,” or state of satisfaction, can pay off the price for one’s sin because he believes that it is not holy nor righteous (“Martin Luther”). In the end, this movement was spread to many countries of Europe such as Germany, Switzerland, Spain, and many
Puritanism was a religious movement that was created after the Church of England’s insufficient reform. This occurred after King Henry VIII transformed the the Church of Rome into the state Church of England. This change was inadequate and left many people dissatisfied with the newly reformed church. As of this, a popular group of Puritans were formed in the late 16th centaury to live a life closer to God. This group of radicals were persecuted for their overly religious ways and were forced to relocate to North America.
With this push in culture, religion, and education he was challenging Russia and their stereotypically conservative ways. With Russia being so large his reforms were very slowly implemented with many Russian citizens not getting the message right away. The youth of Russia enthusiastically accepted his new western influenced reforms in name of Peter the great and were excited about the changes, but the older traditionalists that were quite common in Russia did not. Many of these traditionalists were older upperclassmen who cared more for religion and tradition that the words of Peter the great. To them Peter was trying to change all of Russia’s traditions and beliefs and they felt threatened by it.
His 95 theses which propounded two central beliefs that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deed was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been advanced before, Martin Luther codified them at them at the moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by the Luther’s ideas. Luther’s writings changed the course of religious and cultural history in the West. His revolutionary ideas served as the catalyst for the eventual breaking away from the Catholic Church.