A new divide in art and religion occurred during the 17th century. The Reformation occurred and caused a major divide between Protestants and Catholics. In northern Europe, Protestantism took root, especially in the city of Amsterdam. In southern Europe, Catholicism stood fast, especially in Rome. In this paper I will argue that Amsterdam and Rome developed unique political and religious environments that created two different painting styles within the Baroque period.
The sixteenth century was a time of change. The People of the west thrived and devoted themselves to the betterment of philosophy, art, literature and science. These advancements greatly challenged the importance of politics and religion. As the people became educated and aware they began to question what they were told; they realized that if they didn’t agree with ideas or rules, then they could revolt and create a “better” way. This resulted in the Lutheran Reformation that spread into the Protestant Reformation, in turn inspiring the Catholic Reformation, more commonly known as the Counter Reformation. While they were both the reorganization of religious beliefs within the Catholic Church, with the intention of bringing God back to the centers
The Renaissance movement was the bridge because it was the beginning of individual thought, and appreciation of literature and the arts. People began to think for themselves, people started to come up with many great ideas, rebirth, and cultural expansion. In this time period with your enemies your suppose to be tough and with others be cool, and everyone needed to be good at writing, latin and greek, poetry, speaking and history. As it says in (Document 1). The ideas that have given civilization the drive to rise from a period where the fallow of social, cultural, economical regression.
One of the effects of the Reformation was The Protestant Reformation and this was the breakdown of authority and power of the Catholic Church. It happened with the causes of the plague called the Black Death and the Renaissance( Humanism and Secularism). This began on October 31,1517 with Martin luther being one of the most important people throughout all this.
As a preface, those who had stood by the side of the Roman Catholic Church had enough with this institution that sought nothing, but power. Church officials took the people’s pure desire for salvation and scammed them into buying it instead. Ignorance is regularly the cause of such manipulation. The Protestant Reformation was effective in promoting the progress of mankind when it came to faith. Although it proved to be troublesome, particularly because of the splitting of the church, it was beneficial for those in the future.
The renaissance began. Inspired by Greek and Roman values, a spur of humanism flooded urban areas. People and their capabilities became the center of attention once again. Art stopped focusing only on Religion, but rather on the capabilities of man. Along with the Roman Catholic Church’s decline a secular air developed.
The Protestant Reformation was a time period of upheaval, conflict, and most importantly change and religious change being one the most significant changes. The Reformation had a huge impact on religion and the era shaped the understanding of Heaven and Hell. Martin Luther and John Calvin were main contributors to developing and creating religious ideals during this time. They were influential because Luther and Calvin both opposed the religious the traditional views of the time. The Catholic Church was being challenged for the first time during this time and altering the beliefs of people. The Protestant Reformation was greatly influenced by Luther and Calvin, “Luther gave the Reformation its heart and soul. Calvin gave it its mentality.” Luther is known for kicking off the Reformation; whereas, Calvin is known for bringing the meaning. The Protestant Reformation sufficiently affected people’s
A varied balance between the symbolic and realism has been struck world over by the painting. In the fifteenth century Western painting began to turn from its age- old concern with spiritual realities towards an effort to combine this spiritual expression with as complete an imitation as possible of the outside
When the Protestant Reformation occurred, it had a large effect on western civilization. The Protestant Reformation was the 16th century when Martin Luther wanted to increase life and develop the right way within the churches. The Protestant Reformation changed life for people for Europe by the changes with religion, gender, and class.
In the 16th century, the spread of Protestantism came at the right place and at the right time. For example, personal contact between churchmen, commercial travelers, and students, by public and secret preaching, Protestant ideas penetrated every state and social class in Europe. The printing press played the most important role in the spread of Protestantism. Luther was able to translate the Bible into German so that anyone could interpret their own ideas, not just the ideas of the Catholic Church. Also, the increasing literacy rates from the Renaissance provided even the lowest peasant with the ability to read the Bible. Luther’s new Bible, also included pictures for interpretation. Preaching became another important channel of communication.
The changes made in the Protestant Reformation greatly affect our life today. Without the Reformation, religion would play a very different role in the lives of the average person. The lasting effects of the Reformation play a key role in our lives. Religion used to be the basis of a person’s life.
In the early 1500’s the main religion throughout Europe was Catholicism. As time went on more people started to doubt the religion for numerous reasons. Some of which consisted of corrupt priests, indulgences, or buying a ticket to heaven, punishment for other beliefs, and the church’s interference with the monarch. Because of this, heresies became popular. With disillusion rising a Protestant Reformation began. There were two major leaders that led the Protestant Reformation in Europe. The first was Martin Luther who wrote “95 Theses”, which were new religious beliefs, and nailed them to the door of the Wittenberg Castle Church. Eventually, he was outlawed and found refuge with Saxon princes, but his ideas continued to spread throughout Germany
The ideas of the Protestant reformation of the 1500’s had been in the minds of peasants for years because of the corruption of the Roman Catholic Church. Many people felt the clergy (church members) had taken advantage of the people, by becoming wealthy while the people were poor and hungry.
The unknown landscapes also allowed artists like Thomas Cole, John Vanderlyn and James McDonald to embellish or magnify the grandeur of the subject (NYS Conservationist 6,