Once in America, the British fought many wars, including the French and Indian War in 1754, which left Britain in great debt. It was only fair to tax the colonies because the war was fought on American soil. It was only for the American freedom and to exile the French, but the Colonists took this the wrong way and declared the separation between them and the British Parliament. The Colonists should have never wanted independence from Great Britain, because in reality, Britain was providing freedom. “All they asked for was loyalty and money for debt due to the war’ (Gregg 1).
Not only did the trial of Captain Preston affect the relationship between the Americans and British, but also the Coercive Acts. After the Boston Tea Party, Britain passed these laws to punish Boston and reinforce British control. The laws affected the lives of the Americans and through the Boston Harbour Act, they were unable to utilize the harbour. Due to Britain taking away the people of Boston’s ability to export and import goods, Samuel Adams’ words were valued and Americans wanted Britain to be held accountable for “cutting off our trade with all parts of the world”. Adams was the founder of the Sons of Liberty, a group of merchants, politicians and lawyers, involved in the protest of the Stamp Act.
Theses act were put in to place to punish the colonist for dumping the British tea into the Boston harbor. A bill known as the Boston Port Bill was passed which banned the loading and unloading of ships in the Boston harbor, because the harbor was full of salty tea which would destroy the cargo ships. The Administration of Justice Act offered protection to royal officials in Massachusetts, allowing them to transfer to England all court cases against them involving riot suppression or revenue collection. The Massachusetts Government Act put the election of most government officials under the control of the Crown, essentially eliminating the Massachusetts charter of government. These were the most important events to me at least that were in chronological order that resulted in the before math and aftermath of the Boston Tea Party.
They all wanted freedom, equal rights, and respect. When the British began to tax the colonist, they became extremely upset and enraged, and because of this the revolution began. The colonists were unified, but also divided. Many of them were fearful for their independence because it would cause problems and turmoil with the new country. They were also divided because imported printing goods were being taxed.
The first tax that Britain passed was the Sugar Act of 1764, this tax was on sugar goods and after a lot of unrest Parliament finally lowered the price of the tax and the colonists were satisfied. However, a year later the colonists were thrown in another fit after the Stamp Act was passed. The Stamp Act was different from the Sugar Act as the colonists would have to pay it directly and in addition to every purchase of paper they made. The colonists almost erupted in complete rebellion over the law, however Parliament repealed the law.
Then, the king heavily taxed us for buying these goods. Also, the British could search any ship they wanted, so they didn’t let us receive sugar from other countries. The Stamp Act also was very unfair. This was when England made the colonists only buy paper with the English stamp on it. Every paper product had to be made out of it, and this special paper had a heavy tax on it.
The Parliament passes the Tea Act in 1773. From then on the course of history will have many more down hills throughout the years. Some background information is that the colonist were mad at the government and at england because they were putting taxes on the people out there conscient the colonist didn’t want anything to do with England so they boycott the shipping orders coming in and had The Daughters of Liberty make clothing for them. The Tea Act cause the colonists to be mad at England and ultimately lead to their showing of anger in the Boston Tea party, both events impacted the American Revolution. The Tea Acts passed by Parliament started the colonists down the path of anger.
The colonists were mad because the British were controlling everything that the colonists were doing. The British were controlling all there trade and industry. Making new laws and acts to keep the colonists in check and by passing parliament. The British were basically treating the colonists like slaves The British took every chance to have most control over the goods being made in America and being brought into America. They controlled most trade routes and had the power to control is certain goods were allowed in.
This angered the colonies. All their freedom they previously had was being reduced. They had to pay several taxes on things such as stamps and sugar. The Navigation Act forced the colonies to only trade with England, which prevented the smuggling. Many of the colonies became bitter about the price and in some cases England would lower the taxes.
As the Anglo-French conflict escalated in Europe and then the North Atlantic, neither nation respected American claims for neutrality of the seas. With those two nations standing in the way, the trade agreements that had been so painstakingly negotiated across Europe and even the Far East were dead letters. However, British depredations were more numerous and costly so, in addition to their continued presence and agitation among the Natives in the Northwest, anti-British sentiment grew up in a way that prevented Hamilton’s plans for a mercantile empire from being realized in this early stage. This would eventually move support away from Washington and his Federalists, giving Thomas Jefferson first the vice presidency and then the presidency
Britain had previously passed the Sugar Act that was not bringing in steady revenue to settle its debt, so another law was proposed called the Stamp Act (Goldfield, The American Journey, vol. 1, 125). The Stamp Act “required all valid legal documents, as well as newspapers, playing cards, and various other papers, to bear a government-issued stamp, for which there was a charge” (Goldfield, The American Journey, vol. 1, 125). This law immediately angered colonists.
This led the colonists to rely on England for goods and the British taxed them on it. This is another reason why the colonists needed to break away from, to be able to trade with everyone all around the world. Overall the colonists broke free from England due to many reasons. The British acts violated many of the colonist’s rights. Also the British cut off trade for the colonist.