Scopes's involvement in the so-called Scopes Monkey Trial came about after the American Civil Liberties Union announced that it would finance a test case challenging the constitutionality of the Butler Act if they could find a Tennessee teacher who was willing to act as a defendant. John Thomas Scopes was this defendant. The prosecutor for the trial pointed out that while the Butler Act prohibited
John Thomas Scopes was a teacher in Dayton, Tennessee, who was charged on May 5, 1925 for violating Tennessee's Butler Act, which prohibited the teaching of evolution in Tennessee schools. According to http://www.biography.com/people/john-scopes-17183774 he is most known as the teacher that broke the law of teaching evolution in his classroom. He didn’t want to change his ways and he got into trouble for it. That A high school science teacher, John Scopes found himself at the center of one of the 20th century's most famous court battles. He served as the defendant in a case meant to challenge a state law against teaching Charles Darwin's theories of evolution in public schools.
The last argument that made me not want to vote to convict John Scopes is the argument he made that religion has caused people to have different opinions. But some things should be between an individual , his maker or his God. Darrow says that the constitutional convention should leave the questions of religion between man and what he worships. Questions of religion shouldn’t be brought into the classrooms of
On July 1925, the Scopes Monkey trial convicted a teacher guilty for breaking the Butler Act. Inherit the Wind, by Robert E. Lee and Jerome Lawrence, reflects the Scopes Trial in which Bertram Cates is convicted guilty. Henry Drummond, Cates’s defense attorney, fights for the right to think, while educating the courtroom about science at the same time. With Henry Drummond’s boldness, knowledge, and encouragement, he convinces Cates that he did no wrong, and that the Butler Act is unjust.
Introduction The progressive era was a period of social activism and political reform in the United States that flourished from the 1890’s through the 1920’s. This was a very significant time period due to the fact that it included purification of the government, modernization, focus on family and education, prohibition, and women’s suffrage. Key Vocabulary
The United States of America in the 1920s was a period of debate, of shifting values and changing social structures, and was, above anything else, a battleground of clashing ideologies that ultimately boiled down and exploded within the Scopes Trial of 1925. The Scopes Trial was not in any way, shape, or form primarily a conflict of simply one issue alone. Instead, the Scopes Trial was the height of the tensions that emerged within America during the infamous Roaring 20s, and it, unfortunately, pushed smaller, less-debated topics to the sidelines to make way for the main conflict. Issues which revolved around racial and gender tensions existed and were debated at length within society, but were completely ignored during the proceedings of the
The 1920s were a time when 19th amendment was a big deal. Also, sports were a really big thing baseball was a really popular sport in that time. Another action was the prohibition was also going on during this time that lasted from 1920-1933. Lots more people were alo living in cities instead of on farms. In the 1920s one of the main amendment that got passed was the 19th amendment, But the 20s also had its bad ideas for the economy such as the 18th amendment, Also, another big event was the popularity of sports.
While they believed they were doing what was best, they were infringing upon the rights of everyone who did not hold the same beliefs as them. Another religious repercussion the Scopes Trial had was the fact that, even to this very day, those who hold the fundamental belief system of their religions especially Christianity protest and heatedly debate over evolution being taught in schools, when creationism is not allowed to be taught in the sciences. The fact that the way students should be taught in science, and what should be taught in school is still a controversial topic in today. It shows how large and important the Scopes case was in the minds of the American
During the second trial of Haywood Patterson in March 1933, Victoria Price was again questioned as a witness, but her testimony was slightly different than in the original trial; she reacted to the questioning and accusations against her with “angry defiance” (1). Price’s testimony was further weakened after Ruby Bates testified. She denied that any of the Scottsboro boys had attacked or raped them at all, explaining that Price told her to make up a story to avoid charges being put against them (7). However, her testimony was not considered by the jury, and Patterson was sentenced to death, like in the original trial. In June 1933, a few months after Patterson’s second trial, Judge James Horton ordered a new trial for the case.
The case involved a high school biology teacher named John Scopes, who was charged with violating Tennessee state law by teaching the theory of evolution in his classroom. The trial was a highly publicized event that sparked a national debate about the teaching of evolution and the role of religion in education. The trial attracted widespread attention from the media. The case was prosecuted by William Jennings Bryan, a prominent lawyer, and politician who was a strong advocate for the teaching of creationism in schools. On the side, the defense team was led by Clarence Darrow, a well-known lawyer, and defender of civil liberties.
More than two hundred newspaper reporters from all over the world had come to the small town of Dayton to witness the historical event take place; for the first time in history, a trial would be broadcast over the radio. (Johnson) The judge of the trial was John T. Raulston, a conservative Christian who craved publicity. The jury consisted of twelve men, the majority of them being farmers and church-goers. Superintendent White led off the prosecution’s list of witnesses with his testimony that John Scopes had admitted to teaching about evolution from Hunter’s Civic Biology textbook.
The roaring 20s The 1920s was a phase of wealth and glamour. During this era, there was a dramatic change in society. People had a mind set on the “American Dream”. America was continuously growing.
The 1920s carried much change in society. Some of these changes were more rights for women, jazz music, and prohibition. The people of the 1920s were disillusioned by society lacking in idealism and vision, sense of personal alienation, and Americans were obsessed with materialism and outmoded moral values (The Roaring Twenties).Cultural changes were strongly influenced by the destruction of World War I ending 1918. America needed to recover and with it youth rebelled against the norms of the older generations.
The Women’s Suffrage Movement was the seventy two year fight and movement leading up to the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment that granted women the right to vote. Before the nineteenth century, women were seen as property of their father or husband, and it was not until the mid-1800’s that women began to gain rights similar to men. Women had sought to obtain additional rights held already by men. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Susan B. Anthony, and Alice Paul were among the many women that led and fought for equal rights and the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment. Women in the United States had little to no rights in comparison to men until 1920 when the Nineteenth Amendment was signed, giving women their deserved rights that allowed