Privilege and oppression can be delivered in many forms. Privilege immensely depends on the social class or ethnic background of the person or person’s receiving it. Privileges that are given to someone of a higher class may not be as greatly appreciative as the privileges that are given to a person of a lower class. Today, privilege and oppression are dispersed in many forms and among many different races and social classes. However, privilege seems to favor the wealthy and those who are not of color.
In Richard Foltz book, Religions of the silk road: Premodern Patterns of Globalization, he introduces us to a trade network that runs across central Asia. This trade network is known as the Silk Road, this road is made up of many different paths predominantly moving East to West. Throughout the book we see Foltz describe the different religions, languages, and political connections among its travelers. Some of the religions seen across the silk road include Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam. We see all 3 Abrahamic religions make their mark on the Silk road.
Aspects such as these, ultimately, led these two empires to be, arguably, the most influential societies in the world; as their legacies still live on today. Political integration between both empires had both similarities and differences, most notably being different with the ways they chose those to rule. In Imperial Rome, bureaucracy relied on local elites (landholders) and the middle-class citizens to control provinces. Imperial Rome was far less complex, compared to the bureaucracy of Han China. Many official positions within the government were bought or became hereditary through family wealth as opposed to earned by merit, due to this fact, the Roman bureaucracy often suffered from poor governance.
Ship-building was encouraged, and the market for eastern wares in Europe was extended. The cultures of the Middle East and Europe began to influence each other. The Crusades also affected the Church. The wealth of the Church and the power of the Papacy had increased. The Pope was given more authority and was seen as a guide and leader due to their important role during the Crusades.
History reveals, that the public people of any given place are swayed more by those who hold a substantial position of power. Power defines the influence that a person, or group of people, can have over the public. Due to social hierarchy, most of the power and money is given to only a fraction of the people, making survival to be not as much of an issue to those of a higher class. Power to control their own lives is the main concern with those in higher classes. In the book The Kite Runner, written by Khaled Hosseini, economic power belongs to the characters in a higher class, but power to control other characters as well as to impact the outcome of the text belongs to the lower class characters.
The Maurya and Gupta Empire Have you ever wondered if religion was connected to culture? Religion is connected to culture. It is connected in so many ways. It is connected in the Maurya empire when Asoka turned into a Buddhist. It was also connected in the Gupta empire when they started expanding literature and developed the decimal system.
Over the course of two centuries, the Crusaders and the Muslim Turks battled over the control of the Holy Land. In the end, the Muslims secured control over Jerusalem, ending the episodic changes of the control of this land until the twentieth century. From this crucial event, Europe’s interest in trade grew as a result of the new goods that the crusaders brought back from Middle East. New trading markets were created, and new ideas were brought up among Europeans. In addition to these changes, the crusades spread Christianity and increased the power of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Silk Road has greatly impacted World History. The Silk Road was mainly used for trade but it was also used for several other elements. Some aspects of the Road have changed a great bit; other aspects have not changed, or only changed little. Altogether the Silk Road is not the exact same thing people knew it as during the Han Dynasty, the Silk Road has left impacts in world history on trade, culture, and tolerance. The Silk Road was established in 206 BC to AD 220 during the Han Dynasty of China.
The three empires of mentioned underwent various developments throughout this era. First, each empire’s cultural expansion led to the development of arts and philosophy. Next, each empires governmental structure dictated its internal and external relations. Third, the expansion of these empires both expanded each empire's territory and led to various armed conflicts. Finally, the Roman and Sassanid empire’s internal conflicts pushed the two empires to establish monotheism to curb internal conflicts within their empires.
Classism is the belief that our value as human beings is directly related to the social class that we belong to . In other words, the higher class you are the more power you have in society. This is because according to the Classist belief, higher class people are more dependable, honorable, intelligent and energetic that lower class peoples. It was perceived that since higher class people were better than their lower class counterparts that they would take the leadership roles in society. Lower class people were seen as lazy, undependable, slow-witted and dishonorable.