Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor? If you were threatened by an individual, would you throw the first punch or wait for the attack. This is how Japan felt when they were trying to dominate Asia. On Sunday December 7, 1941 the Japanese attacked the United State’s biggest naval base, Pearl Harbor. This attack was a turning point for the United States because this was one factor that brought them into World War II to fight against the Axis Powers.
In fact, Ralph A. Bard, Undersecretary of the Navy wrote to Secretary of War Stimson in a June 27, 1945 memorandum. “I define this decision as an emotional and reckless decision, Japanese government may be searching for some opportunity which they could use as a medium of surrender” (Bard). In fact, the Japanese government expressed desire to end the war, and would have accepted conditional surrender before the mainland invasion in November. The reason for dropping the bomb was forcing Japan to surrender unconditionally. In America’s opinion, Japan had lost the war; they did not have any capital to negotiate with.
America did not want to be a target for enemy countries. President Franklin Roosevelt called December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy." Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in order to destroy the Pacific fleet so the U.S. would not be able to fight back as they spread across the South Pacific. After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor America joined the war. This single attack killed more
The economy of the West Coast would only be improved with the relocation of the Japanese, as many American farmers were missing out on work due to immigrant success. Pushy military persons used their positions to persuade the government to introduce mass relocation, when in reality, the necessity was only due to wartime hysteria. The biggest factor that led to the mass relocation of the Japanese people was racism. It grew out of the many acts that established the belief that Japanese people were not American citizens. Overall, the relocation of Japanese people in America was neither justified nor necessary.
On December 7th, 1941 there was an attack on Pearl Harbour. Japan was angry at the United States for helping out China and defending them. The United States started tightening the leash on Japan’s trade. This only made Japan angrier. Later on, Japan attacked Pearl Harbour by Honolulu, Hawaii.
Although the attack was a complete surprise, the United States had had tension with Japan for decades. The United States hated how the Japanese had been treating the people in China. Japan declared war on China because they thought the only way to help their economy was to gain territory from China their neighbor. Next the U.S stopped selling oil to Japan. Although the U.S. was not close with Japan, no one expected Japan to bomb the U.S. After the attacking Roosevelt asked congress to declare war on Japan.
Roosevelt did everything he could to engage the USA in the war but he could not declare war, only the Congress has the power to do that. So, he had to wait until the Isolationist members of Congress, who did not want to get involved in the war, were angered by the Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor and agreed to vote in favor of going to war. The USA did not at first declare war on Germany - Germany declared war on the USA first.
As soon as Japan sees that they had stopped trades with them and were limiting rights to the Japanese it gave them a shock and from then they knew they must get revenge. The Japanese have had a plan to take over the world but they had countries in the way that were stronger but soon the US started to back away from the Japanese. So why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor? Japan cannot get to take over the world with the US embargo on materials and the naval expansion act. The Japanese were in desperate need to strengthen its military force to meet their goal.
In essence, Japan appeared to not be satisfied with the status quo and therefore felt that it had a capacity to directly challenge other states, even at the expense of its security. These military actions by Japan reached a culmination when the militarists took control of the government. As a result, the new regime rejected the principles of Shidehara diplomacy, which had previously highlighted the importance of maintaining cooperation with Western states. This marked the departure of Japan from the League of Nations, an international institution, along with its democratic ideals. By removing its association with the West, Japan positioned itself into breaking the temporary peace that existed between the major states prior to World War II.
Thesis statement: Though many speculate that the act of dropping the atomic bomb on Japan (Hiroshima and Nagasaki) while not doing so on Europe (Germany and Italy) was racially motivated, racism played little to no role in these bombings. The United States of America and her allies were willing to end World War II at any cost, had the atomic bombs been available they would have been deployed in Europe. In the 1940’s there is no doubt that the United States of America was engulfed by mass anti-Japanese hysteria which inevitably bled over into America’s foreign policy. During this period Japanese people living in both Japan and the United States of America were seen as less that human. Japanese-Americans living on the west coast were savagely and unjustifiably uprooted from their daily lives.