Near the end of the Reconstruction Era, laws and amendments were passed to give African American’s rights. The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was passed to forbid racial discrimination in public areas. However, Congress ended up repealing the law saying that it was unconstitutional. As a result, more laws dealing with segregation were passed. Plessy v. Ferguson was an important landmark court case because it paved way for African American civil rights movements that challenged the laws under “separate but equal.”
Many historians credit Earl Warren for being one of the first Supreme Court Justice’s that took a stance against segregation but other historians would differ with the fact that Warren’s efforts affected segregation only to a certain extent. His efforts led to other civil rights movements but his and the court’s decisions did not directly change segregation because schools were still very segregated. Because, Chief Justice Warren presided over the court that overturned the decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, and thereby ended legal segregation, he should be credited with helping to put an end to segregation, at least to a certain degree. However, the results of the Brown v. Board case really only set the stage for the Civil Rights Movement to begin,
o Despite much criticism, this decision ultimately benefited the justice system within America, promising everyone to a fair trial just like the constitution promised. • The Legacy of the Era o Over the course of the last ten years, the formation of the Great Society and actions of the Warren Court, the United States had become a much greater nation. It was agreed upon that Johnson increased federal power more than any other president after World War II came to an end. Unemployment rates were drastically dropping, but the government was starting to go a bit low on money to the amount it was using to help the American society.
[document 9] This statement conveys the benefits and effects that the court's ruling has on our society. The court also sought of to expand the rights of criminal defendants without reversing the rules completely only trimming it in some cases . In similarity, document 8 states although this might seem as a negative effect but it is better for the defendant to have a fair trial which is a right given to citizens of america in the constitution. The rights that defendants once did not get guaranteed before the Warren Court
The Civil Rights Movement, which was at its peak in the 1950s and 1960s, was a time period in which African Americans fought to secure equal opportunities and access for basic rights and privileges in the US, nationally and locally. Some ways they attempted this was through negotiations, nonviolent protests and petitions (Civil Rights Movement: An Overview). People also tried to take legal course of action and one prominent figure in this aspect of the Civil Rights Movement was Thurgood Marshall. He was the first African American associate justice in the US Supreme Court and was the legal counsel for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, NAACP. He did not conform to the formalities of law and was driven by his strong
During the civil right movement, Brown v. Board of education case changed the segregation
As a result of the Brown vs. Board of Education decision, The United States legislators wrote the Southern Manifesto in 1956. They believed that the final result of Brown v. Board of Education, which stated that separate school facilities for black and white children were fundamentally unequal, was an abuse of the judicial power. The Southern Manifesto called for the exhaust of all the lawful things they can do in order to stop all the confusion that would come from school desegregation. The Manifesto also stated that the 10th Amendment of the US Constitution should limit the power of the Supreme Court when it comes to these types of issues. 2.
This case basically decided how public schools run today. The Brown vs. Board of Education case had many crimes that were in it but the original crime was that many schools in the southern region were saying that “separate but equal” is constitutional. “Brown itself was not a
“To separate them from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely ever to be undone. " Why was Brown vs. Board of Education such an significant and milestone decision? The Brown vs. Board of Education desegregated schools which gave african american kids an equal education as white kids, it helped segregation among white and black, and introduced people like Thurgood Marshall and Ruby Bridges. First, It gave African American kids the opportunity to get an equal education as the white kids.
Supreme Court Decisions Setting Precedent Discrimination may not seen as big a problem today, but people had to fight for that problem, and court cases set precedents for today. The case of Plessy versus Ferguson and Brown versus Board of Education helped change the way we view discrimination today. The case of Plessy versus Ferguson decided that segregation was legal as long as everything was equal. But on the other hand, Brown versus Board of Education included separate but equal schools made African-American children feel inferior to the white children. 1896, Supreme Court heard the Plessy versus Ferguson case.
Despite that racial segregation in public schools became unconstitutional due to the notable Brown vs. Board of Education court case in 1954, that was merely the beginning of the transformation of American society and acceptance. Subsequently, the new racial movement allowed other minorities to have the courage to defend their civil rights. This was not only a historical moment for minorities, but for women as well. Women, regardless of race, revolted against oppression and traditions. To be politically correct was now discretional.
The ruling thus lent high judicial support to racial and ethnic discrimination and led to wider spread of the segregation between Whites and Blacks in the Southern United States. The great oppressive consequence from this was discrimination against African American minority from the socio-political opportunity to share the same facilities with the mainstream Whites, which in most of the cases the separate facilities for African Americans were inferior to those for Whites in actuality. The doctrine of “separate but equal” hence encourages two-tiered pluralism in U.S. as it privileged the non-Hispanic Whites over other racial and ethnic minority
Stopping Supremacy The Civil Rights Movement led mostly by Martin Luther King and other influential african americans was a movement set forth to bring equality to society by mainly eliminating s discrimination based on race and slightly focusing on other inequalities. Even with this movement’s main focus on race and attempting to eliminate violence based off racial tensions, the civil rights acts passed in result of the movement outlawed discrimination not only based on race but religion, sex or national origin. It also banned segregating public places like schools, churches, stores and other places.