How Did The Warren Supreme Court Influence The Civil Rights Movement

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The Civil Rights Movement is known as a 1950s-1970s era but has been ongoing throughout the history of the United States. The Movement started once the first African-American slaves rebelled against their owners. These crusades continue as all groups fight for equal rights. However, without one particular group, the Civil Rights Movement would be an unjust battle for American liberties. The Supreme Court is the most powerful entity in the Civil Rights Movement with the national authority of the Constitution, for the Court had the necessary power to spare and the state governments were overshadowed by the federal government. The Supreme Court enforces the Constitution and fights any segregationist organization to win the weaponless war on civil…show more content…
The Warren Supreme Court influenced the modern United States during the Civil Rights Movement by asserting their power to outlaw segregation. Throughout many cases, the Warren Court accomplished this by overturning classic American beliefs, securing basic rights, and enforcing the power of the United States Constitution over state governments.
First, the Warren Supreme Court influenced the modern United States by redefining the racial and social structure of the United States. In Brown v. Board of Education, the Warren Court overturned the belief that laws should separate United States citizens by race. The Court cited the psychological fact that segregation affects the human mind and “creates a sense of inferiority” (Brown v. Board of Education). In this case, the Supreme Court utilized pathos, returning to the Bill of Rights and later amendments to ensure that all Americans have
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After the revolutionary Brown v. Board of Education decision, the Warren Supreme Court fought for the integration of schools. After the Little Rock Nine plight, then-Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus closed all of the black-area schools “until a Supreme Court ruling forced them to reopen in 1959” (Brooks, King, and Osborne 40). During the plight for integrated school systems, the states of the Union were acting as the Divided States and autonomously passing laws. The Warren Court utilized their constitutional power to resurrect the true purpose of the United States and redefined the role of a state. Before the Little Rock Nine, Earl Warren and his Supreme Court did started their activism, backing the Montgomery Bus Boycotts in 1956 and affirming a lower court ruling that “any law requiring racially segregated seating on buses violated the 14th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution” (“Montgomery Bus Boycott”). Here, the Court was the central activist in replacing the doctrine of segregation in public facilities and states autonomously passing unconstitutional laws. The Court was equally part of the crusade led by median civilians of the United States in influencing state legislatures and reinforcing federalism. The movement had legal help from the Supreme Court, creating an even more powerful effort to eliminate illegal segregation, thus influencing the modern
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