Three days later, on August 9, the U.S dropped another bomb called “Fat Boy” on the Japanese city, Nagasaki (Hall). After the bombings, many conclusions came on why these particular cities were chosen and what the ending effects were; with this came many scientific studies. There are many reasons the U.S. chose to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki. However, there was two specific reason for the bombings, and they were different for each city. According to Geoff Brumfiel, there was two main reasons for bombing the cities: to scare the Japanese into surrendering and to test the power of the bomb (“Why did the U.S choose Hiroshima”).
Hiroshima, the bomb named after the city that was demolished by the United States during the final stages of world war two. Harry S. Truman, former president of the United States of America, was in peace negotiations with the United Kingdom, China, and Japan trying to end World War II. “The Potsdam Declaration which called for Japan’s immediate surrender and peace terms was rejected by Japan ”. “Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson felt that it was appropriate to use the United States’ new atomic bomb to end the war quickly and secure the US’s dominant place in the world ”. Whether or not, the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were justified remains in debate up to today.
In the sixty years since World War 2, President Truman 's decision to drop the atomic bombs on Japan has been questioned by many people. The bombing caused many deaths but also clearly marked the end of the long drawn-out war. The justifications for the bombing are still however a widely discussed debate. Arguments supporting the justification of the bombing involve the President 's stern belief that the Japanese had brought it on themselves, and that the bombing would end the war and save many American lives. The counter-arguments were that the Japanese were already defeated and so ‘why was it necessary to drop the bomb?”.
On August 15, Japan surrendered unconditionally. President Truman decision to drop these atomic bombs on these cities changed the course of history and modern warfare. After this pivotal moment begun an arms race to develop the most nuclear bombs between many nations. The decision to drop the atomic bombs over Japanese cities had to involve a lot of pros and cons. This paper will discuss the reason why the bombs were dropped, how historians look back on that decision, how the culture of the time affected that decision, and what, in my opinion, was the deciding factor.
Foreign Policy: FDR vs. Truman Since the ending of the Second World War, much controversy has floated around through conversations in history as to whether or not the atomic bombs should have been dropped on Japan. The global war lasted from the years 1939 to 1945, with many years of carried conflict and grudges held before and afterwards. The two Presidents most involved in this war were 32nd President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and 33rd President Harry S. Truman. Each of these leaders initiated and finished with significant actions during this war. However, each may have had different perspectives over the foreign policies regarding the atomic bomb during the war.
As stated in document A, President Truman believed that it was his duty as president to use every weapon available to save American lives. By making the decision to employ atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it successfully brought an end to World War II. Now, while these bombs did ultimately spare thousands of American lives, it did also put an end to about 200,000 lives as shown in document E. Document A stated that Admiral William Leahy, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, opposed using the bomb because it killed civilians indiscriminately. He believed that an economic blockade and conventional bombing would convince Japan to surrender. As an opposite end of the spectrum though Truman’s advisor, James Byrnes thought that the use of “the A-bombs would not only cause Japan to surrender, but also impress the Soviet Union, and hopefully stop its expansion” (Doc C).
One of the few reasons that the dropping of the Atomic bombs was justified was the fact that Japan would not surrender. There was a large amount of evidence pointing to this: The allies had been dropping conventional and incendiary bombs on Japanese cities, but the Japanese refused to surrender. This gave the US the impression that ordinary bombs were not enough to convince Japan to surrender, and a more powerful bomb was needed. In addition, Japanese forces included Kamikaze pilots, which were-in essence-suicide bombers, willing to die for their emperor and their country. The Japanese military was also training
Over half a century has passed since the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but the debate over the decision to drop it is still alive and well. While there are valid points for both sides, the evidence and reason shown leans in favor of the side protesting the dropping of the bombs. The atomic bombs have caused so many problems since they have been dropped - problems that could have easily been prevented. If Truman just stopped to assess the situation with a clearer perspective, he would easily be able to see that the dropping of such a bomb would leave lasting psychological and physical negative effects, that Japan was already in a fragile state and would have surrendered soon anyways, and that if he were to go through with the atomic bombs he should have at least warned Japan. Due to the actions of the American government, the Japanese constantly lived with a thirst for vengeance.
There are many reasons why it could be argued that the dropping of the atomic bomb was justified. One reason is that Japan was warned, they were given plenty of opportunities to surrender such as the Potsdam declaration. The Declaration was issued to Japan by President Truman and the Allies of America after America had tested the Atom bomb on July 26th. The declaration was a proposition of surrender to Japan that linked directly to the dropping of the atomic bomb. If Japan agreed to the declaration, America would not drop the atomic bomb and Japan would
The use of the atomic bomb have been questioned for the past 73 years. Although the United States’ decision to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki resulted in the social and economic destruction of Japan, ultimately the bombings were justified as this action led to a quick end to the war and displayed the military might of the United States to other threatening and powerful countries. The creation and use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during World War II was imminent as intense weapons were needed to end the war and coerce an immediate Japanese surrender. The progression towards the decision to drop the atomic bombs is extremely important here. The Allies had been battling a massive war with Japan since 1941.
This article, written by Tom Nichols begins by expressing an explanation to why Truman dropped the bomb on Japan. Nichols starts off by questioning if the dropping of the “special bombs” was actually necessary. He then goes on to explain that back in 1945 this decision was the right one and that Truman thought that by dropping the bombs it would bring the war to a close. As the article goes on Nichols continues to question the use of the bomb, whether it was a racist act, done for political means, and if Truman would have used the nuclear weapon on the Germans. This article is a great resource for my research paper, because it provides the possible reasoning to why Truman made the official decision to drop the bomb.
Sidney Shalett’s article “First Atomic Bomb Dropped on Japan” states America dropped the first made atomic bomb in Hiroshima, Japan and warned Japan to surrender in World War 2. Shalett captures the expression and tone of President Truman as “utmost solemnity” when he announced about the first atomic bomb, proving this event take a big role for the United States in the war. The words “utmost solemnity” literally mean the state of extremely being formal or serious, and the atomic energy proves “a tremendous force for the advancement of civilization as well as destruction” (Shalett) reinforce this idea to be a serious matter that can’t be avoid. The word “advancement” – a promotion to higher position or rank - mostly happen in the status of
He became the first President to use the atomic bomb when he ordered the attack of Japan`s two cities Hiroshima, and Nagasaki. The weight of his decision, debated as reasonable or otherwise, understandably troubled him, and influenced his choices leaning toward the reduction of arms; for both the United States and the Soviet Union. He took actions similar to Carl von Clausewitz`s ideas on limited warfare and force in his attempts to resolve Cold War problems, though there was never proof to that he was directly inspired by Clausewitz. Limited warfare would require the nations to withhold their power to a degree in order to maintain the health of society, and assure that the world would not receive any damage that it could not possibly recover from. The Soviets` did not agree to most of Truman`s suggestions to ease the tension, however.
After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands, President Truman dropped two atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. Since then, there has been arguments whether the bombs should have been dropped or not. President Truman’s choice to drop the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was really the only option he had back then. Today, the bombs that President Truman dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki is thought as a horrible event, but Truman dropped the bombs to save American and Japanese lives, and in the end, shortened the war. Before President Truman decidecd to drop the two atomic bombs, the war with the Japanese had no end insight.
The atomic bomb has a background rich with blood of the innocent and guilty alike, but it also has links to freedom and victory. In August of 1945 President Harry S. Truman placed the okay to drop the atomic bomb on Japan, ultimately ending WWII in the Pacific. The atomic bomb made a devastating impact in Japan, but it lead to V-J Day in WWII. Behind the tragedy put on Japan the bomb created an end to suffrage in European countries, Russia, and America. If I had the chance to convince President Truman I would implore he search for other alternative routes than the extremity of the atomic bomb, but if it was the only way I would say he should use the bomb.