The new middle class formed the lead of the Progressive movement. Journalists who wrote articles exposing urban political corruption and corporate wrongdoing called "muckrakers", raised interest in reform. (Book, Page 521)
Once he graduated from there in 1897, he went to study law at Columbia University. While there he aimed his studies toward literature and politics instead of law. He never actually graduated
Historian R. Hal Williams argues this by mentioning that the prospect of Bryan becoming president scared Wall Street, and Hanna played on this fear by travelling “between Chicago and New York, warning financiers, bankers, manufacturers […] of the dangers of a Bryan victory” . Many prominent bankers and manufacturers, ranging from J.P. Morgan to John D. Rockefeller, supported McKinley and by the end of the election the McKinley campaign’s expenditures totaled to over $3.5 million, substantially less than Bryan’s $300,000 . The significant money advantage McKinley’s campaign had allowed them to effectively canvass, and Bryan’s campaign was completely unable to keep up with McKinley’s campaign, which was extremely effective at mobilizing traditional Republican voters and attracting new voters to the party. Hanna was undeniably important to the McKinley campaign, but the traditional view does not note that his success was only possible because of Wall Street’s strong disapproval of Bryan and the policies he would enact if elected. One revisionist viewpoint that diminishes Hanna’s role points out that some of the people who donated to McKinley’s campaign were not traditional Republican donors and only donated to stop the Free Silver movement.
People who wanted a more active government started the progressive party. The Progressive party choose Theodore Roosevelt for their candidate . And the Democrats choose Wilson. Woodrow Wilson won the election. His idea was to help and give more opportunities to businesses.
After boarding a freighter ship and moving to New York, Steinbeck attempted to prosper as a freelance writer. When Steinbeck reached New York he had very little money and took a construction job at Madison Square Garden. He eventually got a job as a reporter with the New York American newspaper from which he was fired from not soon later. Steinbeck attempted to sell a collection of short stories to Robert M. McBride & Company but failed. Tired and defeated, Steinbeck returned to California.
The progressives framed their own political gatherings in 1912, the development was of great help among the Republicans and Democrats. The Progressive mantle was
They started an affair. The González Videla government weakened in 1952 due to corruption, and the Chilean Socialist Party gained more ground. They wanted to nominate Salvador Allende again for the presidential election that year, and wanted Neruda there to support his campaign. Pablo Neruda returned to his homeland and his wife, Delia del Carril, in August.
Kurt Vonnegut was born on November 11, 1922 in Indianapolis, Indiana. He was raised in Indianapolis and lived there until he graduated high school and then he moved to New York so he could attend the Ivy League school Cornell University. At Cornell he beat tough competitors for a place at the school’s newspaper, The Cornell Sun, where he worked as a writer and then as an editor. However, Vonnegut did not succeed in school and he dropped out in 1943 to enlist in the Military which is very surprising considering he was a pacifist. Vonnegut 's experiences in the military had a very large impact on his writing.
John Steinbeck plays a significant role in the literary works of the American society because of the unique attributes of language and art that he applied to his social perception of society during his era. Being born of a middle-class family in the February of 1902, John was inspired into the arts by his mother, a teacher, he later took on six years of literature and creative courses at Standford without obtaining a degree. After college, the young Steinbeck wrote his first novel, Cup of Gold, in 1929, but it was the novel Tortilla Flat in 1935 that gave Steinbeck his successful debut. His published works shaped many social and politic aspects of life in the 20th century. He was known as a “realist” or a “naturalist” when it came to how
He got married to an older woman named Elizabeth Porter, who was was 21 years older than he was. He tried to become a schoolmaster, but that didn’t work, out for him because he didn’t have a degree. In 1737, he left and went to London, where he found himself a job as a writer. In addition to writing book reviews and derivative biographies, at one point he was assigned the task of writing thinly disguised reports of the debates in Parliament (Brief Biography, 2016).
Upton Sinclair was an only child born on September 20, 1878. He was born and raised in Baltimore, Maryland. Even though his name was respected in the South from his great-grandfathers fame in the War of 1812, Upton Sinclair grew up in a family without much money. Any profit his father made was spent on alcohol. Living in poverty, the family moved often, unable to pay rent.
During the Gilded Age (1870-1900), workers faced numerous problems in which they attempted to fix through organizing into labor unions. But, these unions failed. Their overall goals were to have better wages and working conditions, but a shorter work day in which they did not achieve. (Document A1) The government was corrupted and controlled by big business, which caused a lack of good interpretation, regulation, and passing of progressive legislations.
Upton Sinclair was born on September 20th, 1878. Him and his family moved to New York City in 1888 due to his father being an alcoholic. His family was extremely poor, unlike Sinclair’s grandparents, who were extremely wealthy. He claims that because of his experiences with the lifestyle of being poor and wealthy, it turned him into a socialist. Sinclair entered New York City college at the age of fourteen.
Smoot-Hawley, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Revenue Act Of 1932 The significance of this triad is that all of these things were failed attempts under Hoover between 1929 and 1932 to pull America out of the Great Depression. Smoot-Hawley Tariff was created by Reed Owen Smoot and Willis C. Hawley in June 1930. It raised tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods and added a flat fee. It made American products affordable to stimulate the economy and pull us out of the Great Depression.