The bloodshed and carnage of WWI was still fresh in the minds of Europe. Russia had recently gone through a revolution that destroyed the monarchy, and put the leader of the Bolsheviks, the party that led the revolution, in charge. His name was Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, also known as Lenin. Lenin and the Bolsheviks practiced communism, the belief a totalitarian system of government in which a single authoritarian party controls state-owned means of production. In other words, there is no privately owned property, and all property is owned by the state.
They believe that he is “in another world” because of how he behaves. It shows how his power over Russia has taken its toll on him and caused him to lose his mind. His need for power negatively affected his behavior. The title of president has gone to his head, and he has taken advantage of this
Kamenev, Bukharin, and Zinoviev, who were some of his rivals for power, were executed in a show trial. Anyone that crossed Stalin met the same fate, and he began to make himself a dictator. Stalin was increasingly paranoid and power hungry, and thought that everyone around him was plotting against him, because of this he demanded constant praise and devotion from his citizens. His first purges began around the early 1930s, when he began to take over the farms from their owners to turn them into collective farms owned by the state. Anyone who refused was executed, and the rest, about 5 million, were deported to forced labour camps located mainly in Siberia.
One such poor decision that would, in due course, result in revolution, was to retain an autocratic regime in Russia. At the time, Russia was, in fact, one of the few remaining autocracies in the world, which only demonstrated the country’s failure to reform and move with the times. Democracy was becoming more apparent in other countries throughout the world, but Russia’s autocratic regime “granted the population no voice in government and strictly punished any expressions against the status quo” (Pipes, 18). The result of continued autocratic rule was contempt for the Tsar and Russian monarchy. Suppression and failure to reform particularly frustrated the liberal intelligentsia.
Joseph Stalin is one of the most controversial leaders in world history. He transformed the Soviet Union into a totalitarian regime and an industrial and political power.Stalin was born in 1878, in Georgia, a Southern region in Russia. He became general secretary of the communist party in 1922 after Lenin’s stroke, and climbed up to the head of the government. Stalin’s goal was to have a perfect communist state through totalitarian rule. Stalin’s ways to achieve this were cruel and lead to an estimated 34 million to 49 million deaths from causes such as starvation and execution.
The Soviets overran the camps of Belzec, Sobibor, and Treblinka in the summer of 1944. The Nazis had dismantled those camps in 1943 after most of the Jews in Poland had been exterminated. Chelmno closed and re-opened a total of 3 different times. They killed around 152,000 people at Chelmno. In September 1944 a few Jewish prisoners were forced to get rid of and cremate any remaining corpses as the Soviet Army approached the camp.
What is clear is that the genocide of the Jews was the decade of Nazi policy, under the rule of Adolf Hitler. The "Final Solution" was implemented in stages. After the Nazi party rise to power, state-enforced racism resulted in anti-Semitism, boycotts, Aryanization, and finally the "Night of Broken Glass" pogrom, all of which aimed to remove the Jews from German society.. Liberation- The Liberation was the release of the concentration camp inmates. In 1944, Allied forces entered Majdanek, and “rescued” the Jews. The USSR, and the USA came through Germany and Poland and set the camp’s inhabitants free.
In 1922, Stalin was appointed to the newly created office of general secretary of the Communist Party. Though not a significant post at the time, it gave Stalin control over all party member appointments, which allowed him to build his base. He made shrewd appointments and consolidated his power so that eventually nearly all members of the central command owed their position to him. By the time anyone realized what he had done, it was too late. Even Lenin, who was gravely ill, was helpless to regain control from Stalin.After Lenin's death, in 1924, Stalin set out to destroy the old party leadership and take total control.
The Great Terror’s brutal political purges lasted from 1934 to 1936 but arguably persisted throughout Stalin’s reign. The Show Trials, with coerced confessions and summary executions, transpired over a period of two years from 1936 to 1938. In total, over 12 million individuals died in Soviet prisons and slave labor camps during Stalin’s
The SS established larger camps. All SS units wore the Death-Head symbol on their hats. In Berlin the Columbia Haus facility held prisoners under investigation by the Gestapo until 1936. The Gestapo was the German secret state police. In 1933 the Nazis built a series of concentration camps to imprison and eliminate “enemies of the state”.
Even in Lenin’s political testament, he worried about Stalin’s mental stability and stated that he should not be chosen to rule (Service 124). Stalin, intelligently, used manipulation, and suppressed his testament. Stalin had power over his two colleagues, and therefore was a more popular candidate for taking Lenin’s place. Stalin had already eliminated some of the most qualified people for Lenin’s job, this raised Stalin’s chance of winning astonishingly. However, manipulation was not the only tool that Stalin used to rise to the top.
Together, these Khrushchev used these four tools to his advantage and over time he slowly became the new leader of Russia that everyone cited with “de-Stalinization.” In his speeches, Nikita Khrushchev chastised Joseph Stalin and tried to belittle him as a person much as he possibly could. He made claims that Stalin was single-handedly responsible for taking Russia off of a safe course of development and putting it on one that did not yield the desired results. Taking things one step further, he also claimed that many of his opponents were at one point or another working with Stalin as he committed these “crimes” against the Russian people
First off, as mention before, the treatment of the scientists in the Soviet Union were horrendous in nice terms. It is said that any scientist that was to go against Stalin’s thinking would be sentenced to punishments such as labor camps and prison, and sometimes even death (Kremenstov 10). Secondly, the way the Soviets went about their war propaganda to their citizens was completely wrong. Unlike the United States defensive approach, the Soviet’s stressed the importance of the nuclear and space race for hostile and aggressive reasons, such as destroying capitalism and the west completely (Kennon). There were a couple of different reasons nuclear propaganda was not too successful in the Soviet Union.