Musician and astronomer, William Herschel, changed the way we look at the sky in the 1780’s. In 1781, Herschel went on an adventure to construct a telescope with bigger reflecting mirrors than had ever been used before (Hoskin). He made a telescope that was top of the line for that time. He discovered Uranus, which was the first planet to be discovered in a very long time (Upgren). Many people inspired and aided Herschel’s desire to study astronomy. A professor at Cambridge, John Micheli, helped lead William’s quest as he sought to create a more advanced telescope (Hoskin). I feel like one of Herschel’s biggest helps would have to have been his sister and fellow astronomer, Caroline Herschel (Upgren). She would have been a great support to him as he sought to discover more about the world above us. It was hard for people to believe that he had discovered a new planet. In fact, the public was more willing to recognize Herschel’s discovery of double stars at first (Hoskin). I feel William Herschel helped motivate the astronomy world to continue to discover about the stars and the secrets of space. …show more content…
(2011). WILLIAM HERSCHEL AND THE NEBULAE, PART 1: 1774-1784. Journal for the History of Astronomy, 42(2), 177-192,281. Retrieved from
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This will lead to his discovery of the three laws of planetary motion that explained how the planets moved and why they looked how they do in the sky. 4) Galileo Galilei was an astronomer whose studies would reveal the importance to astronomy not only of observation and mathematics but also of physics. His self-consciousness about technique, argument, and evidence would make him one of the first investigators of nature to approach his work in the same way as a modern scientist. 5) Francis Bacon was one of science’s greatest propagandists, and he inspired an entire generation with his vision of what scientific inquiry could do for humanity.
He built his first telescope when he was only 20, using mirrors, lenses, and parts of an old Buick car. He used instructions from a 1925 issue of Popular Astronomy. Through the telescope he made observations of Jupiter and Mars. He sent his drawn renditions of Jupiter and Mars to the Lowell Observatory, hoping to get feedback from professional astronomers. Instead, they offered him a job.
Jacob Kaeser Ms.Etsell Writing 8/10 3/7/23 Caroline Herschel lived a great life where she overcame roadblocks and achieved great feats. There are 3 reasons for why she is like that. The three reasons are, she has received great awards, and she has made great contributions to the astronomy community. My first reason for Caroline Herschel overcoming great roadblocks and achieving great feats is all the accomplishments and awards she has received. Caroline was the first ever woman to discover a comet.
Herschel, an amateur astronomer, was not seeking to discover a new planet. Besides general curiosity, his motivations appear to be money, prestige, and power. He was looking for double stars as a way to measure stellar parallax. He had built his own 7ft reflector telescope which he moved to his house in Bath. There he discovered what would later be called Uranus.
I chose “Astronomy: Discovery of Uranus by William Herschel in 1781” as the topic for my research. I found that William Herschel was many things, including a musician, composer, teacher, and astronomer. William also built his own telescopes to look into the night sky. During one of his searches, he found something odd; it wasn’t a nebulous star or comet, but something different. It turned out to be a planet which he named “Georgium Sidus” or Georges star in honor of George III.
While the goal of most astronomers was to chart the positions of planets and stars in the sky using mathematics, Herschel, however, was interested in the evolution of stars, and not their positions. When he discovered Uranus in 1781, he thought it was merely a comet. He contacted other astronomers about the new discovery. A month later astronomer Nevil Maskelyne suggested that
Hershcel documented the movement of this comet but discovered it was moving too slow. After making some calculations, he realized he had discovered a new planet. On the website, Universe Today, it read about naming the planet, “Herschel’s original plan was to name this new planet after King
Famous Astronomers Project Antony Hewish was born the youngest of three sons May 11, 1924 in Fowey, United Kingdom. He grew up in Newquay, on the Atlantic coast and while living there, Hewish developed the love for boats and the sea. Hewish attended King’s College and University of Cambridge in 1942. He was active in war at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough and the Telecommunications Research Establishment. Antony’s decision to begin research in radio astronomy was heavily influenced by not just his wartime background that consisted of electronics and antennas, but also by one of his teachers, Jack Ratcliffe.
One of those developments is the invention of the refracting telescope by Hans. Hans Lippershey also known as Johann Lippershey invented the telescope in 1604. The telescope is basically an instrument that makes far objects become much nearer and it is used by astronomers to see the universe and study stuff about it. Another main invention is the invention of the air pump by Otto von Guericke. The air pump is used to fill stuff like a bike with air.
For a while these telescopes were created by him for people to use for spotting ships, but then in late 1609, he pointed one to the sky and started observing. In 1610 he made a major discovery that went against the Aristotelian view on the world. He discovered that Venus had phases like the moon, supporting the theory that Venus orbited around the Sun, and he discovered Jupiter had at least four moons that orbited Jupiter itself and not the Earth (at the time it was thought that the Earth was the centre of the universe, so therefore it was thought that everything orbited around it). In 1632 he was summoned to Rome for the inquisition proceedings because he had published a book going against the
In 1668 the world 's first reflecting telescope was built by a well known scientist, Isaac Newton. Although Newton accomplished many things in his life he also faced many struggles growing up. Not only did Newton invent the world 's first reflecting telescope he developed the three laws of motion, discovered many new facts about gravity and had many other accomplishments throughout his lifetime. Isaac Newton is often referred to as one of the most influential scientists. He and Albert Einstein are almost equally matched contenders for this title (The Doc, 2015).
William Herschel was the first to notice this odd object and was curious to find out more. This odd object, Uranus, was the first planet in recorded history to be discovered. The discovery of Uranus was just the beginning of William Herschel’s discoveries. He left his work with music and became
Between 1300’s and 1700’s was the time of the Renaissance. During this time, astronomy inflated with discoveries. There were multiple advanced astronomers; two astronomers who made an enormous influence on the Copernican theory were Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler. Although the Copernican theory was established by Nicolaus Copernicus, it was Kepler and Galileo who greatly impacted it. Without the help of Galileo Galilei and Johannes Kepler, the Copernican theory would not have been proven and remembered.
Thanks to Galileo I am able to learn about new scientific discoveries in my christian school. While studying him I realized how much God left out in the science department of the bible so we could have fun discovering new things about his creation. I was also interested in studying Galileo because he was the first to use astronomy facts to prove the Copernican Theory. I have always been interested in space but have never learned the history of astronomy. Everyone thought that the earth was the center of the galaxy until Galileo.