There were many different varieties of abolitionism during the nineteenth century. For many years, the only disapproval of slavery came from the Quakers, free blacks and slave. Most white Americans that wanted to abolish slavery also supported the deportation of freed slaves to the Central America, the Caribbean or Africa. In 1816, supporters created the American Colonization Society, this organization encouraged the slow abolishment of slavery and the colonization black in Americans in Africa. They later created Liberia on the coast of West Africa, where some free blacks did leave to.
Abolitionists are people who were against slavery. The goal of the abolitionists was to emancipate all slaves, end racial discrimination and segregation. To achieve this goal, abolitionists took part in various activities across the nation. For example, they gave speeches, published newspapers and organize the Underground Railroad. William Lloyd Garrison was the publisher of The Liberator, a fiery anti-slavery newspaper.
William Lloyd Garrison was an abolitionist and the author of a weekly journal, the liberator. Ironically, Garrison really became a notorious and famous abolitionist only after the South published his work in news papers in an attempt to condemn him. Garrison’s weekly journal became the main journal of abolitionist. Garrison called for the immediate abolishment of slavery in America and for blacks to be viewed as Americans. With the help of other abolitionists, Garrison’s conceptions spread across the North.
"As an instrument in his hands, you have done a mighty work for the freedom of millions who have so long pined in the bondage our of land." (Bodenner 9) These are the words of abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison, who felt heavily relieved of the works Abraham Lincoln accomplished as president. No doubt, Abraham Lincoln 's act in abolishing slavery and the difficulties that he faced along the way are what made the lasting impression he has on the world today. Abraham Lincoln made presidential history by putting an effort in the act of abolishing slavery. In the midst of his term in office, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, that was signed January 1, 1863.
This feature was reflected in movements like abolition, prison reform, and the women’s rights movement. In 1829, David Walker, a free black man, wrote to all other freed black men that they needed to help their brothers who were enslaved. He wrote this to persuade them to do everything in their power to help them gain the freedom that they experience. He even goes as far as to mention the wretchedness of white christians thus suggesting a more radical approach to abolitionism. (Document 3).
A man named John Greenleaf Whittier spread the message of the Abolition through abolitionary poems and literature. He was not the only one to spread the word through writing, another man by the name of William Lloyd Garrison spread the word of Abolition through the newspaper. The company was founded in 1831 writing about all the news on the Abolition. That was not all Garrison did, in 1833 he help found the American Anti-Slavery Society. Both of these things helped free African American slaves.
Frederick Douglass was a former slave who became a an abolitionist and reformer. Douglass supported equality among all people and gave speeches supporting the cause. Douglass himself has stated “If there is no struggle, there is no progress.” Douglass talked about reforms and abolition of slavery throughout his life after escaping slavery but just his speeches alone did not get the government to pass laws eliminating the practice. It was not until the Civil War that President Lincoln abolished slavery. Until the 13th Amendment, African Americans were slaves and considered property.
Tensions rose across the country from those in support support of slavery and those opposed. Many states wanted to outlaw slavery while others adamantly defended it because it was the main institution with a high and consistent revenue. Ultimately, the disagreements over slavery are what lead to the Civil War. The country divided into an “Us versus Them” situation which lead to both sides having growing support for their views and making the groups less susceptible to an agreement. In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation which freed slaves from confederate states.
In document E we see the rise of Anti-Slave Societies. These societies are tied around the abolishment of slavery and they want to establish them all across the country evidence for this claim is this quote,”We shall organize Anti-Slave societies, if possible in every town, village, and city in our land.”This quote shows the need to unite the land towards anti-slavery. In document H we have another example of the need to reunite the nation.This is shown in a quote from David Wilmot where he gives a speech fighting for equal rights between blacks and whites. We see an example of this quote ” I have no squeamish sensitiveness upon the subject of society, nor morbid sympathy for the slaves.” This quote shows the David Wilmots view where he expresses that he wants blacks and whites to be equal. This shows a need to reunite the nation and how it is a cause for the growing opposition of
Frederick Douglass lived in the thick of slavery in his life. Frederick Douglass was an outspoken African American who dedicate his life to abolishing slavery. He believed strongly in the fact that slavery hurt everyone, not just the enslaved. In the book
This would be the start of the first Civil War battle. Many politicians felt this was a white man’s war and slaves had no right to fight this war. Slaves were not allowed to fight, all this changed when Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, it declared “ That all person held as slaves within the Confederate states should be free. Although it did not end slavery in the nation it gave people hope and uplifted the moral of blacks. Fredrick Douglas convinced Abraham Lincoln that African Americans were ready to fight and serve the Union.
The southerner 's, Democrats, and slaveholders had supported slavery heavily. All southern states sanctioned slavery, and James Buchanan, the president, was a Democrat. Southerners stated that slavery was a civilized practice. The painting “The Negro in his Home Country” shows how if slaves were to be emancipated and go back to Africa, they would live barbarically and would become uncivilized (C). Southerners argued that slavery would keep them in a proper state and become cultured.
Equiano organized group of people called the “Sons of Africa,” they campaigned through public speaking, letter writing in a large open area of lawmakers to abolish slavery. He also led a group of delegate in support of improving the condition of slave ships, to limit the number of enslave Africans that ships could carry. Equiano knew his life story was one of the most important arguments against slavery. So he uses his own life story to persuade the British to abolish slavery by writing his own life story. “The interesting narrative of the life of Olaudah Equiano”.
The American Anti-Slavery Society was a group that met in Philadelphia in order to find a way to promote their Declaration of Sentiments to help spread their abolitionist message. They believed that all were created equal and had the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. These were people that saw slavery as an evil act and any man who were to participate in slavery is a “man-stealer” and null before God. It was their belief that all slaves should be set free immediately and placed under the protection of the same laws as whites. Any money earned through slaves should be given to the workers themselves and not to the owner who took and abused them.
The Fugitive Slave Act shed some light on things, it helped to create iconic abolitionists and antislavery orators such as Frederick Douglas and others. These were actual people who had experienced slavery first hand and could describe it better than any white abolitionist. Maybe the Fugitive Slave Act allowed Northerners who had always thought slavery was hard to see slavery, saw it for the first time. The white northerners saw African American people, both free and fugitive, being dragged away in chains while there was a law in place to make sure they had no