The fact that they have infiltrated the very structure of Japanese governance and are able to affect the economy with their firm grasps of major sectors such as banking, real estate and the stock market etc. gives the yakuza the means to create a ripple effect on japan if they were to be forcefully eradicated which would cause tremendous damage. This involvement in legitimate businesses can be explained through Dwight C. Smiths (1975) Enterprise Theory, which views “organized crime groups as businesses that provide the goods and services denied to customers by the legal marketplace.” (Alfredo Schulte Bockholt, The Politics Of Organized Crime And The Organized Crime Of Politics, 2007, Chapter 1, Pg. 6) or as Reuters puts it “an extension of legitimate market activities into illegal spheres” (Liddick D., 'The enterprise "model" of organized crime: Assessing theoretical propositions, 1999,
Gamblers may steal money or resort to illegal means to gain it to feed their addiction. Gamblers need money therefore gamblers will ignore important things to receive money. Stealing and selling possessions who the person does not own is a bad habit and could land gamblers in jail. Crime rate has also risen by crimes in a community. Addictiveness is also a crucial part in the negative effects that casino gambling cause.
There are many factors that promote the cause of mass Incarceration such as corporal companies that house “detention facilities”. These companies use the population of immigrants to gain funds by targeting mainly races other than whites. By doing this, companies are able to detain illegal subjects in an inhumane setting and profit off of their actions. Another factor that leads to mass Incarceration is arresting more than citation for petty crimes. By stabilizing a trend whereas most law enforcements would arrest, more diverse citizens are often targeted by the tone of their skin color even for small crimes such as shoplifting.
The lottery scamming is smearing the country's reputation internationally, amongst other technological crimes. This has been a big deterrent for foreign investors overseas and locally, in effect affecting our Economic conditions (November 2017). Crime has a negative impact on Jamaica's economic growth. The cost of crime is very high and the effects are both monetary and non-monetary. Crime affects:
Financial resources that would better be spent on education and health are wasted on drugs. In regions of high drug capital resulting in violence, legitimate enterprises may start to liquidate their investments and send their capital abroad. However the economy would be further destabilized as dirty capital, which would then replace clean capital, is far less productive and efficient. In such an economy the assets of privatization are reduced to potential opportunities for criminal investment. • Macroeconomic management: Great volumes of illicit drug money being invested in an economy, complicates and twists macroeconomic management.
Together with other renowned opponents of capitalism, Williams (2005) asserts that there is great danger in relying, exclusively, on self-regulating markets. In his view, relying exclusively on market system for organization of life is an ideological, mythical construct that could prove difficult to realize since it would undermine human existence foundations. As he explained it, “deprived of the cultural institutions’ protective coverage citizens of a nation would perish from the consequences of social exposure”. The expansion of capitalist markets in this regard has extensively resulted in commodification of crime. As a result, different studies have been conducted to investigate the significance of social institutions in explaining crime rate variation across diverse institutional
This increase in weapons increases violence on the streets, and allows crime syndicates to have more power and control over civilians. Human trafficking Human trafficking and people smuggling (where people smuggling is voluntary, although leaves the individual at risk of exploitation, whereas victims of human trafficking are smuggled against their will) often require organised crime, as it makes it easier for the crimes to go unprosecuted by the law. Cities are major areas of both origin and destination for those forced into human trafficking. Evidently, the practice denies people their basic human rights and dignity and is one of the main reasons why organised crime cannot be allowed to continue. Use of violence Violence is a powerful tool in organised crime.
Many protest and strikes were carried out against the government. 4. Increase in crime rate: Due to high level of unemployment, the rate of crime increased. The people had to do something for survival and only option left to them was to indulge themselves in criminal activities. 5.
Due to the clear manifestation of this insecurity is the cause of the rise in crime in cities. The biggest irony of the present times is that, cities that attract economic power and support growth are now the pivot of crime and violence which drastically exhausting development. Tourism is economically important in India. If there is high crime rate in India tourist might reconsider going to India. This might then affect the economy of India.
Name: Title: Instructions: Topic: Corruption on Government Officials Introduction Corruption is the misconduct or use of entrusted power by a person for private gain, especially wealth. This can be in the form of bribery, favor and illegal award of contracts, nepotism and failure of adhering to procurement laws set by the governments (Fitzgerald, 2015). Corruption is a vice that has hurt many developments in different states especially in developing countries. Unethical government officials who collaborate with colleagues in private sector or within the government agencies to deprive the governments billions of dollars, through nonprocedural procurement process in awarding of contracts, taking bribes to employ their friends or relatives and denying justice to innocent individuals. The public cannot access free government services because of corruption (Jakubowicz & Fiedler, 2010).