Another section covers issues of a metaphysics of morals. The philosopher chastises the idea of beginning moral judgment with empirical scrutiny. The last part is intended to explain that people have a free will, hence they are able to establish their moral compass and consider an acceptable form of
In the book, Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals, Immanuel Kant argues that the general concept of morality is divided into two rules of reason. The first rule of reason for morality is the hypothetical imperative. These imperatives include characteristics such as customs, fashion, happiness, prudence, taste, art, i.e. As Kant reasons in his work, “The hypothetical imperative that represents practical necessity of the action as a means to furthering happiness is assertotic. One may expound it as necessary not merely to an uncertain, merely possible aim, but to an aim, that one can presuppose safely and a priori with every human being, because it belongs to his essence.
Ethics also called moral philosophy, “is the discipline concerned with what is morally good and bad, right and wrong. The term is also applied to any system or theory of moral values or principles”.1 For Socrates “Ethics are the norms by which acceptable and unacceptable behavior are measured”.2 He believed that individuals develop ethics through maturity, wisdom and love. Ethics have developed as people have reflected on the intentions and consequences of their actions. Immanuel Kant however argued that “moral requirements are based on a standard of rationality he called the Categorical Imperative”.3 Kant’s theory can be seen as an example of the deontological moral theory. According to this theory, the rightness or wrongness of actions does
He could have fixated on the positive and negative consequences of a person's actions; such as what impact Euthyphro's prosecution would have on his family. Or, he could have fixated on whether a particular action complies with the rules or not, such as the question of whether his father transgressed a law. These are some approaches of other philosophers. However, these were not Plato's main intrigues; Plato was eager instead to consider, what actions are most salutary for the human soul. As a result, Plato is kenned for his fixate on virtue ethics, an approach to ethics that places highlight on one's moral character.
Socrates spent the entirety of his life practicing philosophy. He questions everyone who claims to have wisdom and eventually comes to either aggravate those he made to look foolish or inspired those who kept an open mind. At one point Socrates claims that his life has been no less heroic than the heroes who fought at Troy. Considering how vital heroism is to Athenian culture, this claim can be unfavorable. Most Athenians when prompted about what is a hero, will picture Achilles, or one of Homer’s other heroes, not a man who “Corrupts the youth”, or “Is an Atheist”.
In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle synthesizes an enthralling dissertation that, “the human good proves to be activity of soul in accord with excellence” (1098a 16-17) which requires, “a rational principle” (1098a 7-8). Even though some critics may contend that the human good lies within something other than excellently acting in accordance with reason, the case set forth in Nicomachean Ethics dismisses such detractors as inordinately obstinate in their parochial ideology. To support his conclusion, Aristotle adroitly employs several cogent premises. This paper will explain how Aristotle reaches his conclusion and examine potential flaws in his argument First, I will state each proposition in Aristotle’s argument. After I present an individual premise, I will follow it up by providing an analysis of said premise.
Many classical philosophers have given their voice to the nature of human life and what entails its climax. The very nature of human beings has been investigated, broadly, to establish a comprehensive understanding often pegged on morality. Yet, such thoughts have prompted diverse viewpoints with accompanying grounds or reasons. Happiness is an unending topic of discussion in philosophy. This paper explores the similarities and differences in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics and John Stuart Mill’s Utilitarianism to coin a position in whether or not happiness is the ultimate end that human society aspires to acquire.
Besides knowing a little information about his father, Phidias, very little is known about his early life or his family. There are no known records of any siblings or if he ever had a wife or if he had children. It is believed that Archimedes spent the majority of his life in Alexandria, Egypt, where he went to school. Most students at this school were interested in physical education. However, Archimedes was much more interested in his mathematical theorems than physical education.
So, he is in the dilemma whether he should use someone else’s umbrella, taken a lesser-quality model, or just let his self-get wet? 3.3 Explanation of Ethical Theory At its most straightforward, ethics is a method of good standard. They influence how individuals settle on choices and lead their
Lastly, how MacIntyre’s understanding of practice can be considered in itself as a theory, especially in morality. First are the three traditions of praxis theory. According to Aristotle, he formulated the trichonomous which includes: a contemplative activity which is the knowledge that is specific to such is episteme, a practical activity which is the knowledge necessary for such is phronesis, a productive activity where the agent needs a knowledge called techne. For Marx, praxis over theoria or practice over theories which many were influenced. Lastly, theory of practive of Alasdair MacIntyre, also known as MacIntyre triptych: practice, narrative, and