Marie Clay developed an assessment to determine the knowledge base a student has about print. Developing literacy skills involves beginning phonological awareness as well as alphabet knowledge by learning to separate speech into words and to match sounds and letters (Mason & J.Stewart,
There are students in school whose first language might be Spanish, Chinese, or Vietnamese, among others. Students who do not understand English are considered English learners (ELs) and they “need help in learning to speak, read, and write in English” (Kauchak & Eggen, 2017, p. 84). There are four programs that teachers can incorporate in response to language diversity. One program is referred to as bilingual maintenance. In a bilingual maintenance program, students continue to use their primary language while “the emphasis on English …increases in each subsequent grade” (Kauchak & Eggen, 2017, p. 85).
The questionnaire will afford the study with basic data to build on. The information collected from the questionnaire will be used in identifying the acknowledgment of (6+1 Traits) in school in the first place. There will be interviews with school principal and some teachers/students who have applied the traits in the their classrooms to discuss the evaluation standards used to measure students' progress in writing. It will also discuss the rubrics used in the evaluating method of students’ writing works. On the other hand, interviews will pay administration’s attention to Personnel Development Programs including teacher training on (6+1 Traits).
Introduction According to Merriam-Webster Dictionary (2016), one of the definitions of Language is that it is “The system of words or signs that people use to express thoughts and feelings to each other”. Therefore, language is used to express the thoughts and feelings, and vocabulary is necessary to express it. But learning the definitions of words is fundamental.
In the bilingual education, one of the most common approaches is transitional bilingual education (TBE). TBE programs include ESL. However most classes are directed in children 's home languages until they get proficiency for English only classes. For instance children who have not sufficiency in English might not be ready to learn academic subjects in English.
So, it means that for reading comprehension, it is not only about the ability to read the individual words and know the meaning, but it is about understanding the whole passage as well. Reading comprehension is known to be important because even though it is almost a complex thing as it requires our understanding, but it will be very beneficial especially to be used in peer teaching strategies. Pupils can discuss among themselves the ideas they got based on the passage they read. Besides that, Ylvisaker (2006) has also stated that reading comprehension is seemed to be important for pupils to learn as it has a very close connection with listening comprehension but still reading comprehension skill is much
They are considered to be “reasonably fluent in English”. The goal is to help students to meet ELD and grade-level content standards and to improve their English skills. With differentiated instruction and scaffolding, students should meet the goal to be at the native speakers comparable level. ELs are expected to meet reclassification criteria within 5 full years of instruction. • TRANSITIONAL BILINGUAL EDUCATION
Through the readings done in class, there have been realizations about emergent bilingual students that have not only shocked me but have made me feel more prepared to properly educate these students. These realizations include the importance of understanding your students’ individual cultures rather than bunching all English Language Learners into the same category; as well as understanding that there are different levels of English Language Learners and creating individual guidance for those students. A third takeaway from the readings thus far involves the educational policies which schools mandate for their ELL’s. These are some ideas that would not have even crossed my mind without these readings, but it has now become clear how vital
Learning a language is one thing but understanding what the text is trying to portray is a whole different, more complex skill. As future educators, it is so important for us to keep this in mind when teaching English language learners. They may be able to read and pronounce words, but we must make a point to reassure ourselves that they understand what they are reading/saying
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of explicit sight word instruction on the reading speed of elementary EFL students. Participants’ ability to read affects their daily lives in significant ways. Thus, effective pedagogical methods of reading instruction are imperative. Memorizing lists of words by sight is especially difficult for participants who need multiple exposures to successful. Therefore, it is necessary to see different ways to teach participants who visit for multiple repetitions in an approach that will not lead to ennui or frustration.
As an educator I can also informally assess for correct use of language structures and academic vocabulary. I will identify, teach, and post key academic vocabulary and structures for one content lesson each day because students need help to become more aware of how language functions in various modes of communication across the curriculum. My role is to make students understand well enough how language works and also to select materials that will help expand their students ' linguistic horizons. I also plan instructional activities that give them opportunities to
The school tested all levels in the entire district, and the Aides spent weeks doing these test around the district. Monica said she is advantage related to the other aide in the district because she stays in the Strawberry Point School the entire time, and then she have chances to talk with the classroom teachers, and share and collect information about the ELL children. She can give them extra material for the ELL students and hear from the classroom teacher what she should emphasis her lessons for specific groups. For example, the kindergarten kids that I observed are in the classroom that I used to work. I saw some extra work for the ELL students in their home folders (specific folder saying “ELL homework”).
Stereotypes of English Learners A numerous population in public schools in America are English Language Learners, and the number of these students is increasing rapidly. In the article ELL Face Unique Challenges, states that “ Over the past 15 years, the number of ELL students has nearly doubled—to about 5 million. By 2015, ELL enrollment in U.S. schools will reach 10 million and, by 2025, nearly one out of every four public school students will be an English Language Learner.”