Worldwide, there are over 50 million animals raised in these fur farms every year. This doesn’t include the number of rabbits skinned alive, which adds up to approximately a 120 million animals slaughtered for the sole purpose of fur production yearly. c. Who is Affected: According to the Washington State Department of Ecology, waste from fur farms is poisoning our waterways due to the huge amount of ammonia released into the atmosphere. Also, producing a fur coat takes 15 times more energy than does producing a faux-fur coat or any other clothing
While action needs to be taken to reduce the runoff made directly by humans, some of the largest contributors to this sickening problem are factory farms. In their book, Cowspiracy: The Sustainability Secret, Kip Andersen and Keegan Kuhn write, “Every year, 1.37 billion tons of solid animal waste is produced in the United States- 130 times more than the amount produced by humans; 5 tons of animal excrement is produced for every person... It’s not only sewage and manure that run into the oceans from animal agriculture. There are also herbicides, pesticides, fungicides, chemical fertilizer, as well as the residues of antibiotics, growth hormones, steroids, and other feed additives. The glut of phosphorous and nitrogen in animal excrement causes algal blooms, including red tides, and population explosions in single-celled, potentially toxic microorganisms such as Pfiesteria piscicida.” (101;103) Animal agriculture floods our waterways with tons of
Jared Snow Ms. Carrell English 1 AP 9/15/15 Water Contamination Water pollution is any chemical, physical, or biological change in the quality of water that has a harmful effect on any living thing that drinks it, uses it or lives in it. I have spent many hours of many days to research this topic to find out facts of water pollution and how to prevent it. According to Food and Water Watch there are over 780 million people all over the earth that are living without clean drinking water. Another fact is every 20 seconds a child under five years old dies from illnesses that are waterborne. There is a lot of information about water contamination, the main topics are, effects of the percentage of water contaminated, ways it gets contaminated, and what to do in the after-math.
Besides, drilling mud which contains toxic substances like benzene, zinc, arsenic, radioactive materials, and other contaminants are used to lubricate drill bits and maintain the pressure in the drill. Unfortunately these discharges are not controlled or supervised. When these harmful substances are released to the environment, the entire food chain and reproductive cycle of a certain species might be unbalanced. According to a recent study, “A single oil well discharges around 1500-2000 tons of waste materials”(PEW Charitable Trust., 2014). Thus, wastes from offshore drilling can accumulate on the sea floor causing disabilities to the aquatic animals such as, malformation, genetic damage, and mortality in fish embryos.
They can only leach into the ground but then contaminate water. Sewers and pipelines can cause water contamination because they can break and then therefore raw sewage with organic matters, like nitrogen, salts, and sometimes viruses. There pipelines could also have oil and chemicals and they could seep into the ground and contaminate the groundwater.
The majority of people do not know the truth behind animal testing. The animals living conditions do not have regulations, so they are treated cruelly. Also the tests conducted on them are extremely unnecessary. Millions of animals are killed for experiments that are driven by idiotic curiosity. Also the results of these tests are close to and even sometimes have a zero success rate.
Each of these phenomenon’s has left families broken, nations ruined and history wrongly changed. Because environmental, weather- related disasters and war have claimed the lives of many people, these events have had the greatest impact in history Some environmental disasters include oil spills and explosions. The Exxon Valdez was a cargo ship, carrying 1,264,155 barrels of oil, which ran ashore Bligh Reef, in March 1989. Over 200 miles of land was enveloped in oil and stretched about 1,300 miles across the shore line. Not only were thousands of fish, sea otters and bird remains found but billions of dollars were consumed in the cleaning up process.
Drilling also helps in testing the ground formation under the surface and finding minerals available and knowing water levels and whether they are contaminated or not. Disadvantages of Drilling Along with advantages drilling activity also comes with disadvantages. Petroleum and its derivatives supply a significant part of the world's energy. Oil is used to produce electricity, to operate vehicles and for a number of other vital purposes. Unfortunately exploiting the earth's petroleum resources has a serious environmental impact as the water gets contaminated and unfit for drinking until purified and oil reserves decrease which leads to scarcity of oil based products .
Some sadness and truth in the video about over developed/ used soil leads to droughts, hunger, floods, and climate change. Coal strip mining is one habit that is contributing to environmental disasters due to chemicals being released and seeping into waterways and polluting areas. Combined with populated areas in California with large about of asphalt on the ground allows not runoff in to the ground leading to drought. Now humans are taking water from other parts of the country. Soil is also being affected by Agriculture and affecting family farms leading to high suicides and contaminated soils.
This is one of many factories in Indonesia that are using local water supplies like sewers for their chemical waste. In Indonesia 1 in 2 people do not have access to clean drinking water this means that people are drinking water that has been contaminated with chemicals from big factories causing many people to get severe condition after drinking infected water. Bangladesh have also huge problems with water pollution where factories for big companies such as Wal-Mart, penny and H&M their toxic chemicals into a water canal in Savar. The smell is so bad that nearby schoolhouse have kids that faint and teachers feel like they are choking on
Groundwater Contamination Sarah Katherine Sykes Mrs.Crump 25 September, 2015 GroundWater Contamination Groundwater comes from surface water bodies or rain water, they soak into the dirt and rocks and build up in the tiny spaces between the dirt and rocks. Groundwater pollution occurs when a hazardous substance gets mixed and dissolves in the water soaked in the soil. Groundwater becomes contaminated in multiple ways, hen rain water or surface water contaminate the soil while soaking into the ground, it becomes polluted and carries the pollution from the soil to the groundwater, it also becomes contaminated when hazardous substances soak down through the dirt or rock into the groundwater. Some liquid hazardous substances remain steady within the soil or bedrock. These substances act as long-term sources of groundwater contamination while the groundwater moves throughout the so or rock and mixes with them.
Water contamination is one of the most well-known risks caused by hydrofracking, most likely because water is one of the key components of this process. “Each well uses between two and five million gallons of locally-sourced freshwater which will be permanently contaminated” by the toxic chemicals placed into the water during fracking (Fracking: The Dangers). Some of the water returns to earth’s surface and is stored above ground in steel casks. It is finally inserted deep into the ground into “waste wells” (Fracking: The Dangers). Unaccounted water that is not put into waste wells may stay underground; however, its chemicals can make their way into the water supply of the surrounding areas which causes contamination.
The hospitals and clinics reported that over 1,000 documented cases of water contamination surround the areas of gas drilling involving sensory, respiratory, and neurological damage due to ingested contaminated water. The amount of water used in these processes and the amount of waste produced are also major issues. To start the oil fracking process, a massive amount of water is used. This means, a huge amount of water being transported to the fracking site, at significant environmental cost. It takes 1 to 8 million gallons of water to complete each fracturing job.
However, an overabundance of some nutrients, such as nitrogen and phosphorus, impairs water quality. “Agriculture is the largest source of pollution to the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers and streams.” quotes the Washington Post (Baker, 2015). About 50% of phosphorus and 40% of nitrogen dumped into the bay stems from agricultural runoff. According to the Chesapeake Bay Foundation, “Each year, roughly 300 million pounds of polluting nitrogen reaches the Chesapeake Bay—about six times the amount that reached the bay in the 1600s.”(cfb.org). The major sources of the excess nutrients comes from over fertilization of crops with animal manure seeping into waterways, and animals having direct access to waters where waste is carried into the watershed (Baker, 2015).
The main way that oil and natural gas reserves are acquired are through the means of Fracking. Also known as hydrofracking, this method utilizes a drill that drills down thousands of feet underground, which is then flushed with millions of gallons of water along with additive chemicals at high pressures to break the rocks sheltering the reserves. This method of attainment is quite risky as it comes with many unfavorable consequences that are quite unbeneficial. Like fossil fuel plants, fracking also releases greenhouse gasses like methane(Potential Health and Environmental Effects of Hydrofracking in the Williston Basin, Montana), which is worse than carbon dioxide and causes air pollution. Alongside that, pollutants like Benzene and Xylene also leak out during the fracking process, which is known to cause serious health conditions and even death in some cases due to the long exposure to the pollutants(Potential Health and