Dabalen (2000) shows that in Kenya, women with the least skills saw their position worsen relative to men with similar skills, even as women with the most skills were gaining ground on comparable men. Lack of assets not only leads to lower participation by women but also constrains girls’ access to education. Alderman and King (1998) indicate that the absence of cash earnings in many societies limits the ability of women to realize and remit market returns from their education
Women not only in China but also all over the world have made huge progress in the workplace. On the other side, it should take a note that women cluster in occupations and industries pay lower salaries overall than men in China, which is based on a fact that women are less likely than men to reach higher-level positions. In ancient Chinese society, the traditional Confucianism regard women as lowly and weak belongings of man, even in modern China, such beliefs still affect Chinese society. For example, women naturally take on more responsibility for house care. This pattern means that men get a better shot at a pay rise or a promotion than their female colleagues and are less likely to be in jobs for which they are overqualified.
In fact, they many up about half of the modern day labor force; however, women are on the lower end of the income spectrum compared to men, being mostly minimum-wage or low-wage workers (Chetty et al., p. 350). Despite women’s strides toward occupational equality, there is still a skewed view of women in the workforce in the United States. In fact, it is still expected that women will take care of the children in the event that they are unable to find adequate child care, making it increasingly hard for them to maintain a career (Chetty et al., p.
This piece of evidence is very important because when calculating for the wage gap unemployment is also taken into factor and there is a big gender employment gap with more women not in jobs. This means women will be earning less money when averaged with men because more men have jobs. Many women are out of work for many reasons such as family matters and still in a patriarchal society today men are seen as the “breadwinners” of families however, society is ever changing. Besides unemployment another major factor that goes into the so called wage gap are women's choices in jobs as well as the responsibilities many women are felt they need to take on as well as a career. In a paper by Watson (2017) the author states “Primarily, women are more likely to take time off work for childcare, leading to less experience and fewer opportunities for career growth later in life.
This reduces women’s lifetime earnings and affects their pension and social security. Even though both genders have the same experience, are equally trained, and possess the same degree the pay is not equal. Women and men are not treated equally in the workplace, even though it is the twenty-first century. Although the wage gap has existed since the 1800’s, the increased participation of women in the labor force correlates with the decrease of the wage gap. The wage gap has dwindled over the years; however, the progress has slowed down in the past two decades.
This is because they have lower pay and less paid leave entitlement. Women are still working in a labour market that systematically disadvantages them in terms of pay, conditions and rewards. Women have less autonomy than men do and they earn 17% or $277.70 less per week on average, full time. Hour for hour, women get less. How have rights in the workplace changed Women’s rights in the workplace include many facets, such as the right to work if pregnant.
It is much beyond collection of characteristics viz-a-viz limited access to employment opportunities, inadequate housing, unhealthy environment, limited social protection mechanisms and inadequate health and education opportunities, a dynamic condition of vulnerability or susceptibility to risks. Urban Poor refers to individuals or families in urban areas with incomes below the poverty line. Shares in number of people in the world living on less than $1.25 a day, 1981-2005
The main reasons for these differences are that a considerable proportion of women work without payment; women have less time available for work due to the domestic work of the households that consume much of their time. This is because it is distributed unevenly with men; and the fact that there is wage discrimination based on gender for the same work. Now a days, 10.4% of women that work they do it without receiving a payment for their job, in the other hand, there are only 5% of men in this situation. Usually this kind of work, unpaid work, occur in business that are property of the family. One of the variables that influences the income of people is de age.
They tend to be less paid than men. They are more likely to have part time jobs or occupy the jobs with low status. These inequities are explained in the labor market as stemming from the woman’s role in the family. Sociologist Talcott Parson argued that women are naturally suited to the expressive role of children, whereas men are suited for the instrumental role of competing in the labor market. This implied that women will give up or interrupt their careers in order to care for their children.
Impression of the gender inequality of the workplace There are many reasons why the woman earn very less, this is because the education and the work environment that the women seek. Besides that, the women also must look for the jobs that have the normal hours, good working conditions and safety. The woman like to choose the field of the study in the arts and the social sciences that are more than the men. They also can pursue their area of the interest over the area that it will lead to the stable high of the paying career. Although, there are one reason why woman earn very less and they do not get what they want is because they are raised to believe that the nice girls always don’t ask.